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1 Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch1 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"The main objective of this chapter is to clarify some key and overall theoretical&#xD;and conceptual frameworks underlying the research project “Samhandling&#xD;Under Risk” (SUR), as discussed in the various chapters of this anthology. The overall&#xD;research question is: What are the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under&#xD;risk and how can samhandling be created when the conditions are unpredictable?&#xD;This chapter explains in particular the terms “samhandling” (SAM), “the Unforeseen”&#xD;(UN), “Risk” and “SUR structures”. Furthermore, these concepts are explored more&#xD;deeply in relation to each other, which also frames the main approach of the anthology.&#xD;As a basis, a specific understanding of “The Nature of the Unforeseen”, an expanded&#xD;and customized Bow-tie Model, as well as a clarification of the boundaries&#xD;enclosing the research field are compared to traditional risk analysis and training in&#xD;what is already known and in dealing with probable threats. Although the individual&#xD;studies reported in this anthology also have their own specific angles regarding these&#xD;concepts and models, they have nevertheless been based on these. The core focus is&#xD;also on learning in the light of organizational learning and SUR. The boundaries, challenges&#xD;and the anthology’s focus on learning are also expressed in the more general&#xD;and overall question: How can we as a society prepare ourselves for the unforeseen,&#xD;the events and threats at the outer reaches of what we have trained for? A more indepth&#xD;explanation about the background of this research project is also given in the&#xD;preface of the anthology."&#xD;

Problem Gambling: Summarizing Research Findings and Defining New Horizons

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456130 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-613-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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In 2003, Rachel A. Volberg wrote: “Why is it that gambling is not even on the radar when we consider the array of risks that adolescents must confront as they move towards adulthood?” Nowadays, after thirteen years, although much more is known about this particular form of risk behavior, there is still a general tendency, at least among laypersons, to not perceive gambling as a potential danger for youth and other population segments (e.g., individuals with migration background, seniors, sports professionals). However, the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5, American Psychological Association, 2013) included Gambling Disorder as the only condition in the Section Non-Substance-Related Disorders. Moreover, it is specified that the disorder can indeed occur in adolescence or young adulthood. Despite this fact, theoretical and applied research on problem gambling with regard to adolescence and other risk groups is still in its infancy.For this reason, it seems to be important to organize a Research Topic on gambling in Frontiers in Psychology in order to i) highlight the necessity of considering gambling as a potential harmful activity; ii) summarize the state-of-art of international research on different aspects of the topic; and iii) offer important novel findings relevant for advancing knowledge in the field of gambling. Different types of research articles will be provided including original articles, systematic/scoping reviews, meta-analyses, case reports, and commentaries. These contributions will be focused on the following most important areas in gambling research: Measurement (Which are the most widely used instruments to assess gambling-related problems as well as proximate constructs and what are their psychometric properties? Are there new instruments to detect adolescent problem gamblers?), Protective and risk factors (What do we know about ecological and individual influences on gambling behavior? Which factors affect problem gambling most and in which way?), Prevention (Which are the most promising prevention programs implemented until now? Which are necessary ingredients for effective prevention?), Treatment (When individuals seek help for their gambling-related problems, which are the clinical treatments that are offered? Do we have evidence for treatment effectiveness for different subgroups?).To try to fulfill this goal in the most comprehensive way, researchers from different countries and with specific competencies and interests will be contacted and encouraged to submit a contribution. Through the integration of international and multidisciplinary contributions, i) new challenges in the field of gambling will be identified (e.g., definition of specific at-risk groups, specification of effective interventions in terms of best practices) and ii) new research routes (e.g., the use of behavioral data) will be outlined in order to build a comprehensive understanding of problem gambling. The overall aim is to summarize the state of art, to propose original novel findings, and to outline new directions in gambling research.

Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456390 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-639-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pediatrics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs less often in children than adults and therefore remains underrecognized despite increasing in incidence. Due to the risk of mortality, short- and long-term morbidity, and increased healthcare costs associated with pediatric VTE, this entity merits better understanding and consideration. With this Research Topic, we aim to highlight some special considerations of pediatric VTE, namely risk factors and epidemiology, rare types of pediatric thrombosis and considerations unique to specific clinical patient subgroups, approaches to management and treatment, and prevention

Managing Climate Risk in Water Supply Systems

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ISBN: 9781780400587 9781780400587 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102460
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-07 11:40:27
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Water resources systems provide multiple services and, if managed properly, can contribute significantly to social well-being and economic growth. However, extreme or unexpected hydroclimatic conditions, such as droughts and floods, can adversely affect or even completely interrupt these services. This text seeks to provide knowledge, resources and techniques for water resources professionals to manage the risks and opportunities arising from hydroclimatic variability and change. Managing Climate Risk in Water Supply Systems provides materials and tools designed to empower technical professionals to better understand the key issues in water supply systems.

Riskante Leben? Geschlechterordnungen in der Reflexiven Moderne

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Book Series: Jahrbuch Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung in der Erziehungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783866495678 9783866494688 Year: Pages: 202 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:02
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Individualisation processes and the redistribution of social risks do not leave traditional gender relations untouched. The contributions in this volume examine the changes that (can) arise for gender identities, gender relations and gender-typical positioning in society.

Dynamic risk management with Markov decision processes

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ISBN: 9783866442009 Year: Pages: XIV, 135 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007337 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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An important tool in risk management is the implementation of risk measures. We study dynamic models where risk measures and dynamic risk measures can be applied. In particular, we solve various portfolio optimization problems and introduce a class of dynamic risk measures via the notion of Markov decision processes. Using Bayesian control theory we furthermore derive an extension of the latter setting when we face model uncertainty.

Versorgungs-Report Früherkennung

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ISBN: 9783954664023 9783954664542 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104785
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-08 11:21:10
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Die aktuelle Ausgabe des Versorgungs-Reports greift die versorgungswissenschaftliche Diskussion um Chancen und Risiken der Früherkennung auf. Namhafte Expertinnen und Experten beleuchten aktuelle Entwicklungen und Herausforderungen bei der Früherkennung von Krankheiten. Im Fokus stehen:- gesundheitswissenschaftliche Konzepte und Methoden der Früherkennung- wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse über Nutzen und Risiken ausgewählter Screenings- Entwicklung und Anforderungen an ausgewogene, evidenzbasierte Informationsangebote- empirische Analysen zur Akzeptanz und Inanspruchnahme von Früherkennungsuntersuchungen in der GKVDer Teil „Daten und Analysen“ informiert auf der Grundlage von AOK-Abrechnungsdaten über die Häufigkeit von Erkrankungen und Behandlungen in Deutschland:- Behandlungsprävalenzen und Hospitalisierungsraten für die häufigsten Erkrankungen, differenziert nach Alter und Geschlecht- Krankenhausbehandlungen, Arznei- und Heilmittelverordnungen sowie ärztliche Inanspruchnahme

Guide de gestion des dunes et des plages associées

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ISBN: 9782759224821 9782759224838 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2482-1 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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This practical guide benefits from the experience of several authors and experts in managing coastal dune environments and in preventing natural risks. It presents useful tools in resolving problems of daily dune management.&#xD;

Perspectives on Risk, Assessment and Management Paradigms

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ISBN: 9781838801335 9781838801342 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77127 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book explores various paradigms of risk, domain-specific interpretation, and application requirements and practices driven by mission and safety critical to business and service entities. The chapters fall into four categories to guide the readers with a specific focus on gaining insight into discipline-specific case studies and state of practice. In an increasingly intertwined global community, understanding, evaluating, and addressing risks and rewards will pave the way for a more transparent and objective approach to benefiting from the promises of advanced technologies while maintaining awareness and control over hazards and risks. This book is conceived to inform decision-makers and practitioners of best practices across many disciplines and sectors while encouraging innovation towards a holistic approach to risk in their areas of professional practice.

Formula Funding of Public Services

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Business Organizations and Networks ISBN: 9780203013021 9780415362894 9780415511520 9780415654890 9781134229857 9781134229840 9781134229802 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203013021 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:24
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The use of formulae has become widespread in recent years across most developed countries. In the UK, a conservative estimate is that annually £150 billion of public service expenditure is distributed using formulae, in services such as health care, local government, social security and higher education. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice underlying the use of such formulae as a basis for funding public services. The philosophy, design and economic consequences of funding formulae have become key policy issues worldwide. However, till now, there has been no text which brings together the economic, statistical and political issues underlying formula funding. This key book fills that gap. Written by a leading international expert on the design of funding formulae, this important book includes empirical evidence from a range of countries and will be a valuable resource for all those involved in this field.

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