Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Envy, Poison, and Death

Author:
ISBN: 9780199562602 Year: Pages: 436 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562602.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Leverhulme Trust
Subject: History --- Law --- Religion --- Gender Studies --- Ethnology --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-10 23:58:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

At the heart of this book are some trials conducted in Athens in the fourth century BCE. In each case, the charges involved a combination of supernatural activities, including potion-brewing and cult activity; the defendants were all women. Because of the brevity of the ancient sources, and their lack of agreement, the precise charges are unclear; the reasons for taking these women to court, even condemning some of them to die, remain mysterious. This book takes the complexity and confusion of the evidence not as a riddle to be solved, but as revealing multiple social dynamics. It explores the changing factors—material, ideological, and psychological—that may have provoked these events. It focuses in particular on the dual role of envy (phthonos) and gossip as processes by which communities identified people and activities that were dangerous, and examines how and why those local, even individual, dynamics may have come to shape official civic decisions during a time of perceived hardship. At first sight so puzzling, these trials come to provide a vivid glimpse of the sociopolitical environment of Athens during the early to mid-fourth century BCE, including responses to changes in women’s status and behaviour, and attitudes to particular supernatural/religious activities within the city. This study reveals some of the characters, events, and local social processes that shaped an emergent concept of magic: it suggests that the legal boundary of acceptable behaviour was shifting, not only within the legal arena, but also with the active involvement of society beyond the courts.

Keywords

Athens --- women --- magic --- religion --- law --- courts --- trial --- fourth century --- emotions --- envy --- phthonos --- gossip

Ancient Divination and Experience

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780198844549 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844549.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Leverhulme Trust
Subject: Religion --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-25 00:00:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The introduction to this volume describes the contribution that it makes to scholarship on ancient divinatory practices. It analyses previous and current research, arguing that while this predominantly functionalist work reveals important socio-political dimensions of divination, it also runs the risk of obscuring from view the very people, ideologies, and experiences that scholars seek to understand. It explains that the essays in this volume focus on re-examining what ancient people—primarily those in ancient Greek and Roman communities, but also Mesopotamian and Chinese cultures—thought they were doing through divination. The Introduction provides an overview of the content of each chapter and identifies key themes and questions shared across chapters. The volume explores the types of relationships that divination created between mortals and gods, and what this can tell us about the religions and cultures in which divination was practised.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Oxford University Press (2)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

english (2)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2015 (1)