Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Natural causes of language: Frames, biases, and cultural transmission

Author:
ISBN: 9783944675503 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_533873 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 240853
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-02 09:32:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What causes a language to be the way it is? Some features are universal, some are inherited, others are borrowed, and yet others are internally innovated. But no matter where a bit of language is from, it will only exist if it has been diffused and kept in circulation through social interaction in the history of a community. This book makes the case that a proper understanding of the ontology of language systems has to be grounded in the causal mechanisms by which linguistic items are socially transmitted, in communicative contexts. A biased transmission model provides a basis for understanding why certain things and not others are likely to develop, spread, and stick in languages. Because bits of language are always parts of systems, we also need to show how it is that items of knowledge and behavior become structured wholes. The book argues that to achieve this, we need to see how causal processes apply in multiple frames or 'time scales' simultaneously, and we need to understand and address each and all of these frames in our work on language. This forces us to confront implications that are not always comfortable: for example, that "a language" is not a real thing but a convenient fiction, that language-internal and language-external processes have a lot in common, and that tree diagrams are poor conceptual tools for understanding the history of languages. By exploring avenues for clear solutions to these problems, this book suggests a conceptual framework for ultimately explaining, in causal terms, what languages are like and why they are like that.

Dependencies in language: On the causal ontology of linguistic systems

Author:
Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234883 9783946234746 9783946234661 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.573773 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-29 11:01:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Dependency is a fundamental concept in the analysis of linguistic systems. The many if-then statements offered in typology and grammar-writing imply a causally real notion of dependency that is central to the claim being made—usually with reference to widely varying timescales and types of processes. But despite the importance of the concept of dependency in our work, its nature is seldom defined or made explicit. This book brings together experts on language, representing descriptive linguistics, language typology, functional/cognitive linguistics, cognitive science, research on gesture and other semiotic systems, developmental psychology, psycholinguistics, and linguistic anthropology to address the following question: What kinds of dependencies exist among language-related systems, and how do we define and explain them in natural, causal terms?

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Language Science Press (2)


License

CC by (2)


Language

english (2)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (1)

2014 (1)