Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Die Freimaurer im Alten Preußen 1738–1806, Die Logen in Pommern, Preußen

Author:
ISBN: 9783706543835 Year: Pages: 1052 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437195 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3963
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The research “The Freemasons in Ancient Prussia 1738 – 1806” is the result of a research project of the Research Centre for Democratic Movements at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Innsbruck in cooperation with the Scientific Commission for the Research of Freemansory, headed by Prof. Dr. Helmut and financed by the Fund for the promotion of scientific research (FWF) in Vienna.The main sources for this research were in the Masonic papers and documents of the ancient Prussian lodges, preserved at the Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin-Dahlem, the sources of the Austrian State Archive, Department Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv, Vienna, a series of other archives and libraries, the Masonic literature as well as the relevant literature on regional, social and biographical history.The reference book includes the period 1741 – 1806 in eastern Brandenburg-Prussia within the boundaries before the Second division of Poland in 1793, i.e. Pomeriana (excluding Swedish Pomerania), the Kingdom of Prussia (East Prussia), Silesia conquered by Prussia in 1740/41, and West Prussia, which was annected to Prussia after the First division of Poland in 1772. Pomerania and Silesia were parts of of the Holy Roman Empire, whereas East and West Prussia were situated beyond its boundaries.The Masonic lodges have been analyzed according to analoque criteria: their development in historical and regional context, their membership and social structure, societal, social and cultural activities as well as their influential role in civic society. For the first time, Masonic and biographically commented lists cover the entire membership of the analyzed region. Thus the book is also a contribution to a prosopographical and family history. The Masonic lodges were a specific form of a associations of the 17th and 18th centuries with a similar organizational structure, but on a broader social basis. They followed a system of successive steps (grades) with an ethical and moral programme of forming the human character with the aim of the introduction into a so-called Masonic secret. Since 1740 the apolitical lodges, bringing together different confessions, were associations legitimated by the Prussian state, which could freely develop without intervention by the police. The “Common Law of the Prussian States” defined them as closed societies.Within the analyzed period 56 lodges (four field lodges included) constituated themeselves in 31 towns and on five landed properties of noble Masonic members. They organized 5,375 members, the 61 members of the field lodges and the 350 Serving Brothers included, i.e. more than one third of all registered freemansons in Brandenburg-Prussia. Increasingly the freemasons were members of the social strata and groups, connected with the advancement of the Prussian state: they were members of the nobility and citizens, servants of the administration, theologians and teachers, who had been educated at enlightened universities, officers who engaged spiritually and socially, manufacturers and bankers, printers and booksellers, doctors and chemists, and artists. Members of the substrata were accepted only as Serving Brothers, and women were not acknowledged as members of the lodges at all. Although the provinces Pomerania, Prussia and Silesia had common features in general, they showed significant differences, nevertheless.In Pommerania until 1806 15 lodges were founded in eight cities. With the exeption of Stettin, a centre of trade and craft with a garrrison, as well as Stargard, the social basis was thin, that is why the lodges were unstable. About 960 freemasons have been registered in West and Middle Pomerania, mainly noble officers and civil servants, and 81 Serving Brothers. Only Stettin had a broader social basis. In East Prussia twelve lodges were founded in six towns and at one landed property of a noble member. About 1,465 freemasons have been registered as well as 86 Serving Brother

Die Freimaurer im Alten Preußen 1738-1806, Die Logen zwischen mittlerer Oder und Niederrhein

Author:
ISBN: 103706540371 Year: Pages: 1016 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3715
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In the centre of the present research on the social history of the Prussian freemasonry in the 18 century are the history of the lodges, the membership and its structure, the social and cultural life of the lodges and their influence on society, i.e. the actual societal situation of the lodges in the late feudal society of Brandenburg-Prussia towards the end of the Early Modern Age. The ideological aims and practice of the systems of freemasonry (rituals etc.), the philosophical and literary critique as well as the arts rooted in freemasonry are delt with only in passing.The sources of this research are the traditional manuscripts from archives, mostly unique old scripts and modern masonic literature, as well as the literature of socio-historical, regional-historical and biographical origin. The following sources have been searched and analyzed: the opulent masonic sources of the ancient Prussian lodges of the Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin-Dahlem, having been made available since 1990; the sources of the Orde van vrijmetselaren onder het Grootoosten der Nederlanden, Den Haag, of the Den danske Frimurerorden, Kopenhagen, of the Landesarchiv Berlin, of the Landesarchiv Magdeburg - Landeshauptarchiv, the Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv, Potsdam, the Stadtarchiv Potsdam, the Thüringisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, Weimar, the Österreichisches Staatsarchiv, department Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv, Vienna, as well as the libraries of the Deutsches Freimaurer-Museum, Bayreuth, the Great Lodge of Freemasons of Germany, Berlin, the Great National Mother Lodge "To the Three Globes" in Berlin, the Biblioteka uniwersytecka w Poznaniu, Pracownia Zbiorów Masonskich, Poznan, and the Great Lodge of the Old Free and Accepted Freemasons of Austria, Vienna.The Handbook is structured chronologically according to regions and with analogue topics; the alphabetic commented lists of the entire membership follow the chapters of every lodge. Regionally the research covers the Prussian states within their borders of 1795 (Peace of Basel, Third Polish Partition), but without territories that followed a relative autonomous way in their history, or belonged to Prussia only a short term, or came to Prussia after 1795. This manuscript deals with Prussian lodges between the Oder river and the Lower Rhine; the envisaged volumes for publication will include Berlin, Pomerania, Eastern and Western Prussia as well as Silesia.The favourable policy of the Prussian kings formed the external political basis for a continuous development of the freemasonry in the monarchy. This began 1740 with the legitimation of the freemasons by Frederic II and led to the "Common Law of the Prussian States" and the following "Edict on Secret Associations" in 1798.Between 1739 and 1806, 47 legally constituated Johannis lodges as parts of the larger Lodges have been registered in 30 towns in the middle and western provinces, but without Berlin. Until the Seven Year War (1756-1763) the small number of isolated lodges was restricted to the larger cities. A stimulating influence for the freemasonry came only from the garnisons (lodges of the captured officers). After the war, during a long peaceful period, the freemasonry took a steep upsurge, despite the internal struggles, called the "Lodge Wars", and the splittings. The freemasonry extended over the entire country, to the big cities and medium-sized towns and many rural towns.The Lodges distinguished themselves from other associations by their social openness and broadth of membership. They organized a rising number of men from different classes, social strata, groups or trades, (christian) confessions, education and ages. The freemasons belonged to the newly emerging social strata and groups which formed the Prussian state of Frederic II and were closely connected with its progress. These were the nobility and the middle class, the clerks and officers, bankers and manufacturers, intellectuals and artists. The

Die Freimaurer im Alten Preußen 1738–1806, Die Logen in Berlin

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783706551991 Year: Pages: 1259 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_497779 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 93
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-20 11:01:10
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The Lodges in Berlin" is the first part of the trilogy "The Freemasons in Old Prussia" (p.2 " The Lodges between the Middle Oder and the Lower Rhine", and p.3 "The Lodges in Pomerania, Prussia and Silesia", published in Innsbruck in 2007 and 2009 resp.). The Research based on the preserved data of the archives (Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin), on the masonic literature as well as on the literature about Prussia. The Focus lies on the 27 Berlin lodges with their entire Membership (§880 members) as well as their social structure as part of the cultural history of Prussia and the General history of Freemasonary.

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Studien Verlag (3)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)

Studien Verlag (1)


Language

german (3)


Year
From To Submit

2014 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)