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Österreichische Historiker

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ISBN: 9783205787648 Year: Pages: 678 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_471654 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4333
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-05 16:25:49
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The anthology contains 15 elaborate historical scientific portraits of Austrian historians written by 16 historians from Austria, Germany and the Czech Republic. It conceptually follows the first volume distributed in 2008 which contained 18 portraits most positively reviewed by 15 experts until today. The presented historians had been born in the Habsburg monarchy owning or receiving the Austrian nationality after 1918 and went through their decisive mode of activity between 1900 and 1945. There are two historians of art and one orientalist amongst them. In science or other fields they left traces so that the analysis of their biographies brought new scientific historical results. The chosen period of time enters the work of three generations of historians subdivided into the "generation of the youth of war", the "generation of the front lines" and the "precedent generation". At the same time corresponding with an also internationally observed period of the Austrian historical research verified by the following names of the portrayed historians such as Michael Tangl, Max Dvořák, Hugo Dantsch, Heinrich von Srbik oder Karl Lechner. The portrayed historians had been taken despite of their innovative or controversial historical field of work. The portraits cover the most important biographical data even exceeding it since the authors analyzed material from the archives in order to show socio biographical facts. The research work at the archives supports the request of memberships in scientific and political parties and activities in scholarship and research. In addition to that political views and activities and structures of scientific networking were able to be verified. That also shows that in certain student circles and networks above all by the University of Vienna and especially at the Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, a special Austrian (and also international) scientific component, existed. A central point is the scientific historical implementation of the oeuvre of the portrayed historians. It shows how the works are influenced by the authors impetus received from different sides and how they again effected other historians. The characteristic of time of the writings, their positions and dependence of the present at that time had been brought out clearly. The change of perspective or paradigm due to "external" influences such as the defeat of the war in 1918 or the "annexation" in 1938 is apparent looking at several portrayed historians as well as the sense of resistance by the others. To take up differently the political moment of the portrayed historians in their life and work had been a committed debate above all since the majority of the portrayed historians had taken their political views seriously. All in all the published edition offers a further critical, biographical oriented scientific historical (part of the) profile of the Austrian science of history from 1900-1945.

Österreichische Historiker, Band 3

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ISBN: 9783205208013 Year: Pages: 630 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 543
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-26 11:21:02

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The book presents detailed scientific biographies of 13 Austrians historians from the period 1900-1945. It focuses on the scientific work, careers and political activities and their changes

Kaiser Sigismund

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ISBN: 9783205787556 Year: Pages: 594 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437192 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4308
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:28
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The present conference proceedings consist of 18 articles based on papers presented on 6th and 7th December 2007 at the international conference "Emperor Sigismund (†1437). Rulership in Practice, Charters and Rituals" at Masaryk-University's, Brno, Historical Institute. The conference's idea benefited from a twofold opportunity: To commemorate the anniversary of Sigismund's death on 9th December 1437 in the Moravian town of Znojmo and to conclude the international Vienna based Regesta-Imperii-project P 17519-G08 "Sigismund (†1437), Kaiser im Reich, in Ungarn und in Böhmen", which had been funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) since 2004. Sigismund, the secondborn son of ever popular emperor Charles IV. (1316-1378), came to wear not only the crown of the Holy Roman Empire but also of the Hungarian and Bohemian Kingdoms. Thus he ruled over a truly European empire that embraced partly or in total modern day's Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, France, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. This vast geographical sphere of influence spanned very different cultural, social, economic and political realities, which make it difficult to grasp the integrity of Sigismund's complex reign, but make clear its extensive European dimensions. The current volume presents the mentioned project's first outcomes. The members of the Viennese team mainly concentrate on diplomatics and charter-issuing practice, subjects so far neglected in the scientific research dedicated to Sigismund and his time. Therefore their papers for the most part deal with diverse aspects of Sigismund's production of charters and letters. Including methodical approaches of neighbouring disciplines, they treat the question of typology of Sigismund's charters and charter-formulas as well as subjects of administrative and cultural history and communication studies. In addition the papers of the other involved international authors contribute to different aspects on the field of historical regional studies, administrative, religious, and cultural history as much as to the history of diplomacy, rituals, and art during the era of Sigismund's reign. Using instructive examples they all aim at shedding a light on the complex relations between Sigismund and his court to certain regions or social groups, or respectively on the role of written, oral, and symbolical communication and the use of ritual in practical rulership. The papers' main emphasis consists in Sigismund's relations to southwestern Germany, his rule in the Bohemian Lands and the historiographical work of Eberhard Windeck. The current volume throws a light on some aspects of Sigismund's rulership in practice, which either have not been dealt with at all by German historians so far, or at least seriously modify some of the popular ideas on Sigismund and his rule. The conference proceedings in their entirety give new impetus to scientific activity concentrating on the production of Sigismund's chancery and open new, innovative approaches to research on late medieval practice of royal rulership in general.

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