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Gefangenschaft, Revolution, Heimkehr

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205770688 Year: Pages: 754 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574811 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3460
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:14
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Up to the 1980s prisoners of war were hardly even mentioned in military history. Only in recent years have scientists acknowledged the importance of this topic. For their investigations some of them chose the First World War, especially the Eastern front, where more than 5 million soldiers were captured until the revolutionary events of 1917/18.Contrary to the few existing studies, the present publication concentrates more on the evaluation of captivity in the historical background rather than on the description of "POW-fates" in "the hands of their enemies". It therefore focuses on the meaning of captivity and repatriation during the Russian Revolution and the establishment of the Communist International.Based on documents of the central archives in Vienna and Moscow, the thesis comes to the following results: On the one hand, conflicts between the soldiers of the Central Powers in the former Tsarist empire, in particular between the Austro-Hungarian nationalities, for example between the "Bolshevik internationalists" and the "Czech Legion", played a decisive role in the beginning of an Eastern European "period of confusion" which can hardly be entitled a "Russian Civil War". On the other hand, former prisoners functioned as founders of the Comintern and leaders of the first communist parties outside Soviet Russia. The activities of POWs thus marked the starting point of the international cadrerecruitment for the Comintern, which became a significant aspect in the foreign politics of the "first proletarian republic" and consequently in the so called "short 20th century" defined by the existance of the USSR and its "satellite states".

The Emergence of Ukraine

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781894865395 Year: Pages: 473 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588020 Language: English
Publisher: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 46
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:11
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This book is a collection of essays by prominent historians from Austria, Germany, Ukraine, Poland and Russia, who undertook a thorough and detailed study of one as yet inadequately researched aspect of the First World War--the occupation of Ukraine by the Central Powers in 1918. The book provides a new and fresh perspective on the historical context of Ukraine’s struggle for independence following the First World War.

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