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Diachrony of differential argument marking

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961100866 9783961100859 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1219168 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103590
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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Abstract

While there are languages that code a particular grammatical role (e.g. subject or direct object) in one and the same way across the board, many more languages code the same grammatical roles differentially. The variables which condition the differential argument marking (or DAM) pertain to various properties of the NP (such as animacy or definiteness) or to event semantics or various properties of the clause. While the main line of current research on DAM is mainly synchronic the volume tackles the diachronic perspective. The tenet is that the emergence and the development of differential marking systems provide a different kind of evidence for the understanding of the phenomenon. The present volume consists of 18 chapters and primarily brings together diachronic case studies on particular languages or language groups including e.g. Finno-Ugric, Sino-Tibetan and Japonic languages. The volume also includes a position paper, which provides an overview of the typology of different subtypes of DAM systems, a chapter on computer simulation of the emergence of DAM and a chapter devoted to the cross-linguistic effects of referential hierarchies on DAM.

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Linguistics

Explanation in typology

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ISBN: 9783961101481 9783961101474 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2583788 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104800
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Abstract

This volume provides an up-to-date discussion of a foundational issue that has recently taken centre stage in linguistic typology and which is relevant to the language sciences more generally: To what extent can cross-linguistic generalizations, i.e. statistical universals of linguistic structure, be explained by the diachronic sources of these structures? Everyone agrees that typological distributions are the result of complex histories, as “languages evolve into the variation states to which synchronic universals pertain” (Hawkins 1988). However, an increasingly popular line of argumentation holds that many, perhaps most, typological regularities are long-term reflections of their diachronic sources, rather than being ‘target-driven’ by overarching functional-adaptive motivations.

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Linguistics

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