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Consciousness and Moral Status

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9781138221611 9781315396347 Year: Pages: 122 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 11:01:59
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Abstract

In this book Joshua Shepherd presents a systematic account of the value present within conscious experience. This account emphasizes not only
the nature of consciousness, but also the importance of items within
experience such as affect, valence, and the complex overall shape of
particular valuable experiences. Shepherd also relates this account to difficult
cases involving non-humans and humans with disorders of consciousness,
arguing that the value of consciousness influences and partially explains
the degree of moral status a being possesses, without fully determining
it. The upshot is a deeper understanding of both the moral importance of
phenomenal consciousness and its relations to moral status.
This book will be of great interest to philosophers and students of ethics,
bioethics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and cognitive
science.

37 Neuroscientific Threaths to Free Will (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge Companion to Free Will

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138795815 9781315758206 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-26 11:01:52
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Abstract

In this chapter, I review recent work on neuroscientifi c threats to free will. What is it for something to threaten free will? Consider, fi rst, an apparent threat. You are walking
in the dark, and a shadow looms in the distance. It certainly appears threatening, but
you are not sure. What do you do? You consider the source of the threat (the thing
casting the shadow, and you attempt to discover whether the threat is actual (an
attacker) or merely apparent (a tree). And if the threat is actual, you attempt to discern
what epistemic and behavioral changes are required of you.

Keywords

free will --- threats --- neuroscience

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