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El taller del jurista: sobre la Colección Documental de Benito de la Mata Linares, Oidor, Regente y Consejero de Indias

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788415454311 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 175 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History --- Diplomatics. Archives. Seals
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-26 11:06:25
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Este libro es fruto de una línea de investigación sobre la historia del derecho indiano. Su objeto es la Colección Documental de don Benito de la Mata Linares, oidor, regente y consejero de Indias, que se encuentra en la Biblioteca de la Real Academia de la Historia. El propósito del autor es observar la Colección bajo la lupa científica del derecho indiano y no acceder a ella meramente como una cantera documental de carácter histórico –que lo es y, por cierto, riquísima–, que ya había consultado con provecho en anteriores visitas. La primera parte del libro está dedicada a trazar un esbozo biográfico de Mata Linares, que amplía sensiblemente los datos ofrecidos hasta ahora por los historiadores que han dado a conocer piezas documentales de la Colección o por los diccionarios u obras relativas a los órganos de gobierno y justicia en donde se desempeñó. En la segunda parte se hace un examen de la Colección, que permite comprobar que ella, considerada habitualmente como una fuente documental ofrecida para los Investigadores de Historia de América y derivada del empeño de un erudito coleccionista, se formó, en cambio, por la acción de un jurista que reunió esos papeles para uso propio durante su labor profesional al servicio de la Corona. De ahí proviene la denominación de “taller del jurista”, título de este libro que destaca el sentido que tuvo la formación de este conjunto documental y también el valor de estos papeles como fuente de estudio para la historia del derecho. Desde este último punto de vista, se rescata para los estudiosos de la historia jurídica el uso de un conjunto documental singular, ya que no es frecuente para los historiadores el acceso directo e integral a los papeles que hicieron parte del gabinete de un jurista. Con la experiencia adquirida en la indagación realizada, el autor se permite afirmar el enorme valor que tienen los archivos profesionales de este género, al aproximarnos a verificar el papel del jurista en la configuración del Derecho –creación, interpretación, adaptación, transmisión, aplicación, etc.– y a conocer el delicado perfil de “la modulación jurídica” que lo caracteriza.

El Jurista en el Nuevo Mundo

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773063 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.12946/gplh7 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"The present work addresses the history of Derecho Indiano (Spanish Colonial Law) and proposes to examine the role played by Indiano-Castilian jurists in the New World as creators and enforcers of a science and the practice of law. They were given the task of organising and developing public authorities as well as the new society, and in their engagement with the temporary institutions, they were confronted with realities and situations as diverse as they themselves proclaimed them to be. The works brought together in this volume originally appeared in journals and collected works from different countries, and they are now being presented here in a revised edition.
Castile was the kingdom overseeing the expansion across the Atlantic; an expansion to lands and peoples unknown to Europeans up till that point in time. The jurists who worked under these new and challenging circumstances belonged to the Castilian tradition, and they were immersed in this tradition not only due to their university education, but also as a result of their cultural environment and the very structure of the governing bodies and justice system of the kingdom. The confrontation with a reality that was, in so many respects, different from that of the Peninsular – as could already clearly be seen in accounts written by conquistadors, missionaries and the authorities from the early days – encouraged jurists to search for solutions to the new problems that had arisen. Over the years, this led to the creation of what would eventually shape a heterogeneously composed normative corpus, both in civil and canon terms. The differences between the Indiano and Castilian systems were marked to the point that it became a widely accepted truth that the Indiano order could not be fully understood or taken into account either by the advisors of Castile or the lawyers who travelled to the Americas with no prior knowledge of this particular law.
Jurists who were born or based in the Indiano provinces would often come to discover the “constitutional discourse” of the monarchy; in other words, they experienced the unfolding plot, so to speak, not through theory, but rather through the impetus provided by the possible solutions to the numerous issues that had arisen. Although Castilian legal literature, which exerted a powerful influence, was present and being circulated throughout the Americas, preferences when it came to specific authors and legal bodies were as different as the readings and interpretations made of them. Several criteria both general and specific in nature took shape. Consequently, “local contexts”, for example, were often discussed in the application of general norms and the “customary background” was similarly taken into account."

Juicio de las leyes civiles

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490858738 Year: Volume: 46 Pages: 136 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-22 14:06:00
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Civil laws

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Civil laws

New Horizons in Spanish Colonial Law

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773025 9783944773124 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.12946/gplh3 Language: English
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"Spanish colonial law, derecho indiano, has since the early 20th century been a vigorous subdiscipline of legal history. One of great figures in the field, the Argentinian legal historian Víctor Tau Anzoátegui, published in 1997 his Nuevos horizontes en el estudio histórico del derecho indiano. The book, in which Tau addressed seminal methodological questions setting tone for the discipline’s future orientation, proved to be the starting point for an important renewal of the discipline. Tau drew on the writings of legal historians, such as Paolo Grossi, Antonio Manuel Hespanha, and Bartolomé Clavero. Tau emphasized the development of legal history in connection to what he called “the posture superseding rational and statutory state law.” The following features of normativity were now in need of increasing scholarly attention: the autonomy of different levels of social organization, the different modes of normative creativity, the many different notions of law and justice, the position of the jurist as an artifact of law, and the casuistic character of the legal decisions. Moreover, Tau highlighted certain areas of Spanish colonial law that he thought deserved more attention than they had hitherto received. One of these was the history of the learned jurist: the letrado was to be seen in his social, political, economic, and bureaucratic context. The Argentinian legal historian called for more scholarly works on book history, and he thought that provincial and local histories of Spanish colonial law had been studied too little.
Within the field of historical science as a whole, these ideas may not have been revolutionary, but they contributed in an important way to bringing the study of Spanish colonial law up-to-date. It is beyond doubt that Tau’s programmatic visions have been largely fulfilled in the past two decades. Equally manifest is, however, that new challenges to legal history and Spanish colonial law have emerged. The challenges of globalization are felt both in the historical and legal sciences, and not the least in the field of legal history. They have also brought major topics (back) on to the scene, such as the importance of religious normativity within the normative setting of societies. These challenges have made scholars aware of the necessity to reconstruct the circulation of ideas, juridical practices, and researchers are becoming more attentive to the intense cultural translation involved in the movement of legal ideas and institutions from one context to another. Not least, the growing consciousness and strong claims to reconsider colonial history from the premises of postcolonial scholarship expose the discipline to an unseen necessity of reconsidering its very foundational concepts. What concept of law do we need for our historical studies when considering multi-normative settings? How do we define the spatial dimension of our work? How do we analyze the entanglements in legal history?
Until recently, Spanish colonial law attracted little interest from non-Hispanic scholars, and its results were not seen within a larger global context. In this respect, Spanish colonial law was hardly different from research done on legal history of the European continent or common law. Spanish colonial law has, however, recently become a topic of interest beyond the Hispanic world. The field is now increasingly seen in the context of “global legal history,” while the old and the new research results are often put into a comparative context of both European law of the early Modern Period and other colonial legal orders.
In this volume, scholars from different parts of the Western world approach Spanish colonial law from the new perspectives of contemporary legal historical research."

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