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Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich im Mittelalter, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783706548311 Year: Pages: 442 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437197 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4189
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:33
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A remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Jews can be found in Austria. This huge amount of sources provides information on the economic, legal and personal situation of the Jews as well as on the interactions between Christians and Jews. Therefore, the Institute for Jewish History in Austria has engaged in preparatory work to publish this source material.In the course of the FWF project P 15638, the first volume of these sources (from the beginnings until 1338) was published by Eveline Brugger and Birgit Wiedl, and research for the second volume was begun. In the course of the follow-up project "Documents on Jewish History in Austria 1339-1365", this research was completed and the volume prepared for publication.Charters as well as historiographic and literary sources containing references to both Jews and Austria were collected and processed according to scientific criteria. This material includes a considerable number of texts which have not been published at all or treated with regard to the Jewish aspect yet. Research was carried out in archives both in Austria and abroad; furthermore, previously published material was also collected.The resulting manuscript consists of a chronological series of 682 document summaries. The apparatus includes information about the form the text was preserved in (original, copies), former publications in printing (full text or summaries) or online as well as the literature that is relevant to the respective document. Additionally, an extensive index as well as a scientific commentary were added to the relevant document to make the source texts accessible to the reader. Given the volume's topic, the Jews mentioned in the source text were the main focus of these commentaries.The sources which were collected and processed in preparation of the second volume cover a critical period of time for the Austrian Jews. It is of crucial importance that any comprehensive study of this period is based on the entirety of the source material, which is now readily available in the finished volume. Both the consequences of the Pulkau persecution of 1338, which wiped out a number of smaller Jewish settlements, and the impact which the plague had on the Austrian Jews are reflected in these sources. Besides, these sources allow a more detailed analysis of the policies which the dukes Albrecht II and Rudolf IV pursued towards the Jews, which in turn provides insights into the legal, social and economic situation of the Austrian Jews during this period.

Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich im Mittelalter, Band 1

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ISBN: 3706540185 Year: Pages: 450 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_442082 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3701
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:50:07
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The still existing source material on the history of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages is unique in Europe. The huge number of sources give information on the economic, legal, and personal situation of the Jews as well as on the relationship between Christians and Jews. Yet so far, the medieval sources of the history of the Jews throughout today's Austria had not been collected.In the course of the project "Summary and Comments on Documents concerning the History of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages" the first volume of this source material which reaches from the beginnings until 1338 has now been finished.According to the selection criteria which include a reference to Jews and Austria, documents as well as historiography and literary sources have been collected and processed according to scientific criteria; the material contains a number of texts which have not been published at all or treated with regard to the Jewish aspect yet. The publication consists of a chronological series of document summaries; additionally, by means of comments which are added to the relevant document as well as an extensive index, the source text has been made accessible to the reader. The vast majority of the collection consists of diplomas concerning economic topics, followed by privileges, legal charters, and mandates. Among the economic sources, promissory notes and documents concerning pledges or sales are the most frequent types which clearly illustrates how Jews were forced into the money business.Due to its unique topic, this collection includes not only diplomas, but other types of sources as well, such as historiographic and literary texts. Although belonging to another category of sources, they provide information which is essential for a complete overview over the history of Jews in medieval Austria.This volume is the basis for a publication series which for the first time makes the unique source material on the history of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages accessible in a compiled way .

Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich, Band 3: 1366-1386

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ISBN: 9783706553261 Year: Pages: 553 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574666 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 261
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:28
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The remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Austrian Jews allows for insights into the economic, legal, and social standing of the Jews as well as into how the Christian environment treated them. The sources published in this volume show the decline in the economic and legal position of the Jews; while they were largely safe from open persecution, they were subjected to more and more restrictions that aimed at mere financial exploitation. In addition to that, the sources provide insights into the everyday interaction of Jews with the Christian majority.

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