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Ambivalent Encounters

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Book Series: Rutgers Series in Childhood Studies ISBN: 9780813554075 9780813554082 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625232 Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100265
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:33
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Jenny Huberman provides an ethnographic study of encounters between western tourists and the children who work as unlicensed peddlers and guides along the riverfront city of Banaras, India. She examines how and why these children elicit such powerful reactions from western tourists and locals in their community as well as how the children themselves experience their work and render it meaningful.Ambivalent Encounters brings together scholarship on the anthropology of childhood, tourism, consumption, and exchange to ask why children emerge as objects of the international tourist gaze; what role they play in representing socio-economic change; how children are valued and devalued; why they elicit anxieties, fantasies, and debates; and what these tourist encounters teach us more generally about the nature of human interaction.

Keywords

Anthropology

Encounter with the Plumed Serpent

Authors: ---
Book Series: Mesoamerican Worlds ISBN: 9780870818684 9781607327103 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625247 Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100340
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:01
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The Mixtec, or the people of Savi ("Nation of the Rain God"), one of the major civilizations of ancient Mesoamerica, made their home in the highlands of Oaxaca, where they resisted both Aztec military expansion and the Spanish conquest. This book presents and interprets the sacred histories narrated in the Mixtec codices, the largest surviving collection of pre-Columbian manuscripts in existence. In these screenfold books, ancient painter-historians chronicled the politics of the Mixtec from approximately a.d. 900 to 1521, portraying the royal families, rituals, wars, alliances, and ideology of the times. By analyzing and cross-referencing the codices, which have been fragmented and dispersed in far-flung archives, the authors attempt to reconstruct Mixtec history. Adding useful interpretation and commentary, Jansen and Perez Jimenez synthesize the large body of surviving documents into the first unified narrative of Mixtec sacred history.

Keywords

Anthropology

Unearthing Gender

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ISBN: 9780822351191 9780822394792 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625266 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100319
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:37
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This book is a compelling ethnographic analysis of folksongs sung primarily by lower-caste women in north India, in the fields, at weddings, during travels, and in other settings. Smita Tewari Jassal uses these songs to explore how ideas of caste, gender, sexuality, labor, and power may be strengthened, questioned, and fine-tuned through music. At the heart of the book is a library of songs, in their original Bhojpuri and in English translation, framed by Jassal's insights into the complexities of gender and power.The significance of these folksongs, Jassal argues, lies in their suggesting and hinting at themes, rather than directly addressing them: women sing what they often cannot talk about. Women's lives, their feelings, their relationships, and their social and familial bonds are persuasively presented in song. For the ethnographer, the songs offer an entry into the everyday cultures of marginalized groups of women who have rarely been the focus of systematic analytical inquiry.

Keywords

Anthropology

Downwardly Global

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ISBN: 9780822363019 9780822373407 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100283
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:49
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In 'Downwardly Global' Lalaie Ameeriar examines the transnational labor migration of Pakistani women to Toronto. Despite being trained professionals in fields including engineering, law, medicine, and education, they experience high levels of unemployment and poverty. Rather than addressing this downward mobility as the result of bureaucratic failures, in practice their unemployment is treated as a problem of culture and racialized bodily difference. In Toronto, a city that prides itself on multicultural inclusion, women are subjected to two distinct cultural contexts revealing that integration in Canada represents not the erasure of all differences, but the celebration of some differences and the eradication of others. 'Downwardly Global' juxtaposes the experiences of these women.

Keywords

Anthropology

Man or Monster?

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ISBN: 9780822362586 9780822373551 Year: Pages: 336 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100282
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:01
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During the Khmer Rouge's brutal reign in Cambodia during the mid-to-late 1970s, a former math teacher named Duch served as the commandant of the S-21 security center, where as many as 20,000 victims were interrogated, tortured, and executed. In 2009 Duch stood trial for these crimes against humanity. While the prosecution painted Duch as evil, his defense lawyers claimed he simply followed orders. In 'Man or Monster?' Alexander Hinton uses creative ethnographic writing, extensive fieldwork, hundreds of interviews, and his experience attending Duch's trial to create a nuanced analysis of Duch, the tribunal, the Khmer Rouge, and the after-effects of Cambodia's genocide. Interested in how a person becomes a torturer and executioner as well as the law's ability to grapple with crimes against humanity, Hinton adapts Hannah Arendt's notion of the "banality of evil" to consider how the potential for violence is embedded in the everyday ways people articulate meaning and comprehend the world.

Keywords

Anthropology

Hydraulic City

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ISBN: 9780822362548 9780822373599 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100286
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-17 11:01:17
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In Hydraulic City Nikhil Anand explores the politics of Mumbai's water infrastructure to demonstrate how citizenship emerges through the continuous efforts to control, maintain, and manage the city's water. Through extensive ethnographic fieldwork in Mumbai's settlements, Anand found that Mumbai's water flows, not through a static collection of pipes and valves, but through a dynamic infrastructure built on the relations between residents, plumbers, politicians, engineers, and the 3,000 miles of pipe that bind them. In addition to distributing water, the public water network often reinforces social identities and the exclusion of marginalized groups, as only those actively recognized by city agencies receive legitimate water services. This form of recognition—what Anand calls "hydraulic citizenship"—is incremental, intermittent, and reversible.

Keywords

Anthropology

Legacies of Space and Intangible Heritage

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781607325710 9781607327004 9781607327202 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625677 Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100081
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-17 11:01:23
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This volume looks at how different physical environments contribute to the reproduction of cultural forms even in the wake of colonization, migration, and other processes of displacement and change. This raises the question of whether cultural practices are altered by changes in physical environment or if a group’s narratives and practices shape their location. Using case studies from North and South America, the contributors reveal a pattern of abandonment and reestablishment of settlements and how collective memory drives people back to culturally meaningful sites. Through the lenses of archaeology and ethnohistory and by examining the politics of cultural continuity, the authors argue that there is a complex relationship between a people’s heritage and the landscape that affects the making of “place.”

Keywords

Anthropology

Ethnographica Moralia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780823228867 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626978 Language: English
Publisher: Fordham University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100614
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:26
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Panourgia and Marcus bring together anthropologists working in various parts of the world (Greece, Bali, Taiwan, the United States) with classicists, historians, and scholars in cultural studies. The volume takes into account global realities such as 9/11 and the opening of the Cypriot Green Line and explores the different ways in which Geertz’s anthropology has shaped the pedagogy of their disciplines and enabled discussions among them. Focusing on place and time, locations and temporalities, the essays in this volume interrogate the fixity of interpretation and open new spaces of inquiry. The volume addresses a wide audience from the humanities and the social sciences—anyone interested in the development of a new humanism that will relocate the human as a subject of social action.

Keywords

Anthropology

Indigenous Networks and Evangelical Frontiers: Problems with Governance and Ethics in Cases of ‘Voluntary Isolation’ in Contemporary Amazonia (Book chapter)

Book title: Hunter-gatherers in a Changing World

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319422695 9783319422718 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-42271-8_10 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:21
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Abstract

The periodic emergence of indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation in Amazonia have given rise to sensational media reports and heated academic&#xD;debate. In this chapter we describe briefly the historical and contemporary relations&#xD;between indigenous peoples in and out of isolation in the Guiana Shield region of&#xD;North-eastern South America and discuss the role of indigenous missionaries in&#xD;histories of contact. After considering these facts in relation to some of the general&#xD;debates about isolated peoples and policy, we assess the ethical dimensions of the&#xD;question of emergence from isolation.

Keywords

anthropology

Children As Caregivers

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Book Series: Rutgers Series in Childhood Studies ISBN: 9780813588049 9780813588063 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627650 Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100270
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-20 11:01:33
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The global public health community has focused care and funding on TB and HIV in Zambia, but adult policy-makers, doctors, and humanitarians often ignore children's perspectives as they confront infectious diseases. Well-intentioned practioners fail to realize how children take on active caregiving roles when their guardians become seriously ill. Using ethnographic methods, and listening to the voices of children as well as adults, Hunleth makes the caregiving work of children visible. Children actively seek to "get closer" to ill guardians by providing good care. Both children and ill adults define good care as children's attentiveness to adults' physical needs, their ability to carry out treatment and medication programs in the home, and above all, the need to maintain physical closeness and proximity.

Keywords

Anthropology

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