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Transforming Trauma

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ISBN: 9781557537959 9781557538505 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102994
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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This book focuses on research developments, models, and practical applications of animal-assisted interventions for diverse populations who have experienced trauma. Physiological and psychological trauma is explored across three broad areas: 1) child maltreatment and family violence; 2) acute and post-traumatic stress, including that which is associated with military service, war, and developmental trauma; and 3) times of crisis, such as natural disasters and the ever-increasing risks associated with climate change, community violence, terrorism, and periods of personal loss and grief.Contributing authors, who include both national and international experts in the fields of human-animal connection and trauma, discuss how our relationships with animals can help build resiliency and foster healing to transform trauma and trauma response.

Keywords

Psychology --- psychology --- animals --- Resilience

Turbulence: A Corporate Perspective on Collaborating for Resilience

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ISBN: 9789089647122 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_477310 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-12 11:01:09
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The ever tighter coupling of our food, water and energy systems, in the context of a changing climate is leading to increasing turbulence in the world. As a consequence, it becomes ever more crucial to develop cities, regions, and economies with resilience in mind. Because of their global reach, substantial resources, and information-driven leadership structures, multinational corporations can play a major, constructive role in improving our understanding and design of resilient systems. This volume is the product of the Resilience Action Initiative, a collaboration among Dow, DuPont, IBM, McKinsey en Co., Shell, Siemens, Swiss Re, Unilever, and Yara designed to explore possible corporate contributions to global resilience, especially at the nexus of water, food and energy. Aggressively forward-thinking, and consistent with an enlightened self-interest, the ideas considered here represent a corporate perspective on the broad collaborations required for a more resilient world.

Programming the HPA-axis by early life experience: Mechanisms of stress susceptibility and adaptation

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194810 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-481-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Experiences during early life program the central nervous- and endocrine-systems with consequences for susceptibility to physical and mental disorders. These programming effects depend on genetic and epigenetic factors, and their outcome leads to an adaptive or maladaptive phenotype to a given later environmental context. This Research Topic focused on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis and stress-related phenotypes, and on how HPA-axis programming by the environment precisely occurs. We included original research, mini-review and review papers on a broad range of topics related to HPA-axis programming.

Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Authors: ---
Book Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks ISBN: 9780197265536 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: British Academy
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-02 11:01:58
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This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.

1 Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch1 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"The main objective of this chapter is to clarify some key and overall theoretical&#xD;and conceptual frameworks underlying the research project “Samhandling&#xD;Under Risk” (SUR), as discussed in the various chapters of this anthology. The overall&#xD;research question is: What are the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under&#xD;risk and how can samhandling be created when the conditions are unpredictable?&#xD;This chapter explains in particular the terms “samhandling” (SAM), “the Unforeseen”&#xD;(UN), “Risk” and “SUR structures”. Furthermore, these concepts are explored more&#xD;deeply in relation to each other, which also frames the main approach of the anthology.&#xD;As a basis, a specific understanding of “The Nature of the Unforeseen”, an expanded&#xD;and customized Bow-tie Model, as well as a clarification of the boundaries&#xD;enclosing the research field are compared to traditional risk analysis and training in&#xD;what is already known and in dealing with probable threats. Although the individual&#xD;studies reported in this anthology also have their own specific angles regarding these&#xD;concepts and models, they have nevertheless been based on these. The core focus is&#xD;also on learning in the light of organizational learning and SUR. The boundaries, challenges&#xD;and the anthology’s focus on learning are also expressed in the more general&#xD;and overall question: How can we as a society prepare ourselves for the unforeseen,&#xD;the events and threats at the outer reaches of what we have trained for? A more indepth&#xD;explanation about the background of this research project is also given in the&#xD;preface of the anthology."&#xD;

Sustainability Assessments of Buildings

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ISBN: 9783038425984 9783038425991 Year: Pages: 196 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-10 13:26:11
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International research has confirmed that the built environment is the most promising sector for a rapid transition to sustainability. In this scenario, many examples of sustainable urban environments are showing the advantages of sustainability. Meanwhile, an increasing request for tools to assess their sustainability is recorded. The assessment of sustainability of the built environment is an essential step toward its promotion. However, large difficulties exist creating useful and measurable assessment indicators since sustainability is time- and location-dependent. Meanwhile, the need to assess both products and processes for sustainable buildings has been considered particularly important for a sector as inertial as that of the built environment. This books contains ten recently published papers in the Special Issue about "Sustainability assessments of buildings". The demand for this Special Issue raised from the floor, as more and more papers dealing with this topic were submitted to Sustainability in the last few months. The need to collect the recent research in this field became evident, and the respond to the call showed the high attention of the scientific community towards this topic. A selection of ten papers among those published in the special issue will guide the reader thorough the variety of approaches in sustainability assessments of buildings and their main challenges.

Neuropeptides and Behaviour: From Motivation to Psychopathology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453078 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-307-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine --- Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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The discovery of the involvement of neuropeptides with behaviours other than regulatory motivated ones took place in the midst of 1960’s with David de Wied’s first report on the influence of pituitary peptides on memory. This major scientific breakthrough opened a new frontier of studies in Endocrinology and its related fields, Neuroendocrinology and Psychoneuroendocrinology. Neuropeptides were initially thought to be involved in homeostatic regulation and secreted only from neurons located in the hypothalamus; they are now recognized neurotransmitters, produced in and secreted from distinct brain areas, associated with a myriad of, not only, motivated, but also psychopathological behaviours. Motivated behaviours are determinant for individual and species survival, but their expression in a large spectrum and deviations from average may give rise to a number of psychiatric conditions.

Resilience and Sustainability of the Mississippi River Delta as a Coupled Natural-Human System

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038972563 9783038972570 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-257-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-18 09:41:20
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The Mississippi River Delta is home to more than two million people and is a hub for energy, transportation, and petrochemical industry of national importance in the United States. It is also home to 40% of coastal wetlands in the contiguous United States, which provide natural habitats for hundreds of species of fish and wildlife, as well as for millions of migrating birds in North America each year. However, this delta has been losing land at a rapid speed and its existence is being seriously threatened. A number of factors have contributed to the current situation, including reduced riverine sediment supply, coastal land erosion, subsidence, and sea level rise. In an attempt to determine resilience of the Mississippi River Delta, this book collected 14 articles that present the latest assessments of the river delta in five aspects: 1) riverine processes and sediment availability, 2) sediment deposition and land creation, 3) wetland loss, saltwater intrusion and subsidence, 4) community resilience and planning, and 5) review and synthesis. This holistic approach to investigating a river delta as a coupled natural-human system can be applicable for assessing other populated and industrialized deltaic regions in the world.

Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe: Problems, Risk Factors and Policies

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781788118880 9781788118897 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.4337/9781788118897 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-25 11:59:31
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Providing original insights into the factors causing early job insecurity in European countries, this book examines its short- and long-term consequences. It assesses public policies seeking to diminish the risks to young people facing prolonged job insecurity and reduce the severity of these impacts. Based on the findings of a major study across nine European countries, this book examines the diverse strategies that countries across the continent use to help young people overcome employment barriers.

Negotiating Early Job Insecurity: Well-being, Scarring and Resilience of European Youth

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781788118781 9781788118798 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.4337/9781788118798 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-25 12:04:02
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Offering new knowledge and insights into European job markets, this book explores how young men and women experience job insecurity. By combining analysis of original data collected through a variety of innovative methods, it compares the trajectories of early job insecurity in nine European countries. Focusing on the ways in which young adults deal with this by actively increasing their chances of getting a job through a variety of methods, as the book shows how governmental policies can be altered to reduce early job insecurity.

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