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Assyrian and Babylonian Scholarly Text Catalogues. Medicine, Magic and Divination

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Book Series: Die babylonisch-assyrische Medizin in Texten und Untersuchungen ISBN: 9781501504914 Year: Volume: Band 9 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1515/9781501504914 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:34
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The reconstruction of ancient Mesopotamian medical, ritual and omen compendia and their complex history is still characterised by many difficulties, debates and gaps due to fragmentary or unpublished evidence. This book offers the first complete edition of the Assur Medical Catalogue, an 8th or 7th century BCE list of therapeutic texts, which forms a core witness for the serialisation of medical compendia in the 1st millennium BCE. The volume presents detailed analyses of this and several other related catalogues of omen series and rituals, constituting the corpora of divination and healing disciplines. The contributions discuss links between catalogues and textual sources, providing new insights into the development of compendia between serialization, standardization and diversity of local traditions. Though its a novel corpus-based approach, this volume revolutionizes the current understanding of Mesopotamian medical texts and the healing disciplines of conjurer and physician. The research presented here allows one to identify core text corpora for these disciplines, as well as areas of exchange and borrowings between them.

Ancient Divination and Experience

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780198844549 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844549.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Leverhulme Trust
Subject: Religion --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-25 00:00:25
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The introduction to this volume describes the contribution that it makes to scholarship on ancient divinatory practices. It analyses previous and current research, arguing that while this predominantly functionalist work reveals important socio-political dimensions of divination, it also runs the risk of obscuring from view the very people, ideologies, and experiences that scholars seek to understand. It explains that the essays in this volume focus on re-examining what ancient people—primarily those in ancient Greek and Roman communities, but also Mesopotamian and Chinese cultures—thought they were doing through divination. The Introduction provides an overview of the content of each chapter and identifies key themes and questions shared across chapters. The volume explores the types of relationships that divination created between mortals and gods, and what this can tell us about the religions and cultures in which divination was practised.

Dossier : Tekhnai/artes

ISBN: 9782713221613 9782713226038 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 17:20:31
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dossier : Consacré aux savoirs techniques, ce dossier prend pour angle d’attaque les vases, leur production et leurs représentations. Il pose la question du positionnement des hommes et de leurs machines face à la puissance d’une nature habitée par le divin. Les savoir-faire posent dès l’Antiquité la question du positionnement des hommes et de leurs machines face à la puissance réputée indomptable d’une nature habitée par le divin. Lieu privilégié de constitution des savoirs théoriques, la rh...

Ancient Prophecy

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ISBN: 9780198808558 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808558.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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This book is a comprehensive treatment of the ancient prophetic phenomenon as it comes to us through biblical, Near Eastern, and Greek sources. Once a distinctly biblical concept, prophecy is today acknowledged as yet another form of divination and a phenomenon that can be found all over the ancient Eastern Mediterranean. Even Greek oracle, traditionally discussed separately from biblical and Mesopotamian prophecy, is essentially part of the same picture. The book gives an up-to-date presentation of textual sources, whether cuneiform tablets from Mesopotamia, the Hebrew Bible, Greek inscriptions, or ancient historians, the number of which has increased substantially in recent times. In addition, the book includes comparative essays on topics such as prophetic ecstasy; temples as venues of prophetic performances; prophets and political rulers; and the prophets’ gender which can be either male, female, or non-gendered. The book argues for a common category of ancient Eastern Mediterranean prophecy, even though the fragmentary and secondary nature of the sources allows only a restricted view to it. The ways prophetic divination manifests itself in ancient sources depend not only on the socio-religious position of the prophets but also on the genre and purpose of the sources. The book shows that, even though the view of the ancient prophetic landscape is restricted by the fragmentary and secondary nature of the sources, it is possible to reconstruct essential features of prophetic divination.

Les haruspices dans le monde romain

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ISBN: 9782356132895 DOI: 10.4000/books.ausonius.9849 Language: French
Publisher: Ausonius Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’ironie d’un Caton s’étonnant qu’un haruspice ne rit pas quand il rencontre un autre haruspice dissimule l’importance et la variété du recours romain à des praticiens qui savaient connaître les sentiments des dieux à travers l’interprétation des foudres, des foies des victimes de sacrifices et des prodiges. Ce livre s’intéresse à l’emprunt et à l’utilisation de la divination d’origine étrusque dans le monde romain, des origines jusqu’au vie siècle p.C. Il entreprend de montrer quand, comment et pourquoi les Romains ont intégré les haruspices dans leur religion publique et privée. Il décrit les modalités historiques, les conséquences sociales et les implications religieuses de cette intégration d’une divination au départ étrangère.

Stratégies mémorielles : Les cultes funéraires privés en Égypte ancienne de la VIe à la XIIe dynastie

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ISBN: 9782356681867 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.193 Language: French
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-17 12:29:54
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En Égypte ancienne, la mort semble être une préoccupation constante. Pour affronter cette étape tant redoutée, le dogme prévoit une existence dans l'au-delà, mais celle-ci demeure conditionnée au maintien de la mémoire des individus parmi les vivants. Chaque personne va donc tenter, en fonction de son statut et de ses capacités, de développer certaines stratégies pour rendre son propre culte éternel et garantir ainsi son immortalité. Cette étude, fondée principalement sur l'analyse des pratiques post-inhumatoires, souhaite mettre en évidence les différents leviers qui sont utilisés en vue de pérenniser les cultes mémoriels : le choix du lieu, celui des supports et enfin – peut-être surtout – l'intégration à de multiples matrices sociales complémentaires. Car le maintien de la mémoire est avant tout affaire de société. L'individu, pour exister, se doit d'interagir avec la communauté, qu'il soit vivant ou bien mort.

Witchcraft, Demonology and Magic

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ISBN: 9783039289592 / 9783039289608 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-960-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Witchcraft and magic are topics of enduring interest for many reasons. The main one lies in their extraordinary interdisciplinarity: anthropologists, folklorists, historians, and more have contributed to build a body of work of extreme variety and consistence. Of course, this also means that the subjects themselves are not easy to assess. In a very general way, we can define witchcraft as a supernatural means to cause harm, death, or misfortune, while magic also belongs to the field of supernatural, or at least esoteric knowledge, but can be used to less dangerous effects (e.g., divination and astrology). In Western civilization, however, the witch hunt has set a very peculiar perspective in which diabolical witchcraft, the invention of the Sabbat, the persecution of many thousands of (mostly) female and (sometimes) male presumed witches gave way to a phenomenon that is fundamentally different from traditional witchcraft. This Special Issue of Religions dedicated to Witchcraft, Demonology, and Magic features nine articles that deal with four different regions of Europe (England, Germany, Hungary, and Italy) between Late Medieval and Modern times in different contexts and social milieus. Far from pretending to offer a complete picture, they focus on some topics that are central to the research in those fields and fit well in the current “cumulative concept of Western witchcraft” that rules out all mono-causality theories, investigating a plurality of causes.

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