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Double Disillusion

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ISBN: 9781760461850 Year: Pages: 720 DOI: 10.22459/DD.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:55
License: ANU Press

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"This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the 2016 Australian federal election. Won by the Liberal–National Coalition by the slimmest of margins, the result created a climate of political uncertainty that threatened the government’s lower house majority. While the campaign might have lacked the theatre of previous elections, it provides significant insights into the contemporary political and policy challenges facing Australian democracy and society today. In this, the 16th edited collection of Australian election studies, 41 contributors from a range of disciplines bring an unprecedented depth of expertise to the 2016 contest. The book covers the context, key battles and issues in the campaign, and reports and analyses the results in detail. It provides an evaluation of the role of political actors such as the parties, independents, the media, interest groups and GetUp!, and examines election debate in the online space. Experts from a range of policy fields provide an analysis of election issues ranging from the economy and industrial relations to social policy, the environment, and gender and sexuality. Each of the chapters is written on the basis of in‑depth and original research, providing new insights into this important political event."

Gaullistes dans l’Ouest atlantique : Dans les élections législatives de 1958 à 1981

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ISBN: 9782753569331 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.133671 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:46
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les terres de la façade atlantique, des franges méridionales de la frontière pyrénéenne aux bordures maritimes de la Manche, sont au début de la Cinquième République marquées à droite. Le gaullisme trouvera dans ces six régions du grand Ouest atlantique (Aquitaine, Poitou-Charentes, Pays de la Loire, Bretagne, Basse-Normandie et Haute-Normandie) un ancrage électoral majoritaire pendant les premières législatures (1958-1981). En outre, ces régions accueillent de grandes figures du mouvement gaulliste : Olivier Guichard, Jacques Chaban-Delmas, Jean Foyer, Yvon Bourges, Robert Boulin, Vincent Ansquer, Robert Buron, etc., autant de personnalités, souvent ministres, grands élus locaux, qui ont pu, durant les vingt premières années du régime, jouer un rôle central dans la vie politique tant locale que nationale. Cet ouvrage cherche à mieux cerner, par une analyse d’histoire électorale, la profondeur de cet ancrage politique. Les auteurs se sont interrogés sur l’implantation et la durabilité du gaullisme dans ces régions plutôt attachées en 1958 aux cultures politiques de droite, à une époque où leur hégémonie dans le pays est peu contestée par une gauche affaiblie et qui ne se recomposera qu’au cœur des années 1970. Les conclusions montrent que le gaullisme y pénètre de façon inégale et ne peut empêcher le basculement à gauche de la Bretagne, ou de certains départements, notamment dans les deux régions les plus méridionales. Son implantation y est donc partielle, parfois de circonstances. La France de l’Ouest en 1981 n’est plus une terre de droite, elle y conserve des bastions, mais elle connaît un rééquilibrage politique durable, que les auteurs cherchent ici à comprendre et à expliquer.

Keywords

gaullisme --- élection --- France --- parti politique

Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy

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Book Series: Legislative Politics and Policy Making ISBN: 9780472119011 9780472029525 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.5085808 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:32
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Engstrom evaluates redistricting plans and their electoral results from all states from 1789 through the 1960s, revealing that districting practices systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined control of the House of Representatives. Erik J. Engstrom offers a historical perspective on the effects of gerrymandering on elections and party control of the U.S. national legislature. Aside from the requirements that districts be continuous and, after 1842, that each select only one representative, there were few restrictions on congressional districting. Unrestrained, state legislators drew and redrew districts to suit their own partisan agendas. With the rise of the “one-person, one-vote” doctrine and the implementation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however, redistricting became subject to court oversight.&#xD;Engstrom evaluates the abundant cross-sectional and temporal variation in redistricting plans and their electoral results from all the states, from 1789 through the 1960s, to identify the causes and consequences of partisan redistricting. His analysis reveals that districting practices across states and over time systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined party control of the House of Representatives.&#xD;&#xD;“Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy provides a rich look at the practice of gerrymandering. It is a nice mix of history and quantitative analysis. . . . It will be the definitive work on the subject for decades to come.” &#xD;—Charles Stewart, MIT&#xD;&#xD;Erik J. Engstrom is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Eyewitness to Early Reform in Myanmar

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ISBN: 9781925022988 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607553 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:24
License: ANU Press

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By 2000, a ruthless military regime had ruled Myanmar for more than a decade, polarising opinion inside and outside Burma/Myanmar — with Western countries locked into non-UN sanctions and Asian countries and the rest of the world locked into unenthusiastic cooperation with Myanmar. While the United Nations and its agencies faced numerous obstacles as they sought to encourage national reconciliation in Myanmar, conditions in Myanmar were slowly starting to change. With a reform faction in charge, the military regime itself after 1999 slowly began experimenting with modest changes, before committing in 2008 to transfer power via a constitutional referendum and national elections, both of which it effectively controlled. This book provides the first eyewitness account of the early reform experiments.

The People Have Spoken: The 2014 Elections in Fiji

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760460013 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607555 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:34
License: ANU Press

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The September 2014 elections in Fiji was one of the most anticipated in the history of the country, coming after eight years of military rule and under a radically new constitution that introduced a system of proportional representative (PR) and without any reserved communal seats. The election was won overwhelmingly by FijiFirst, a party formed by 2006 coup leader Frank Bainimarama. He subsequently embarked on a process of shifting the political configuration of Fijian politics from inter-ethnic to trans-ethnic mobilisation. The shift has not been easy in terms of changing people’s perceptions and may face some challenges in the longer term, despite Bainimarama’s clear victory in the polls. Ethnic consciousness has the capacity to become re‑articulated in different forms and to seek new opportunities for expression. This book explores these and other issues surrounding the 2014 Fiji elections in a collection of articles written from varied political, intellectual and ideological positions.

La démocratie mise en scènes

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ISBN: 9782271059147 9782271091284 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-18 10:20:52
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Qu’est-ce que la politique à la télévision ? Le propre de la télévision réside dans sa formalisation « sensible », dans le formatage « esthétique » qu’elle impose : c’est là son langage... et le prix à payer, sans doute, pour permettre à une majorité de citoyens d’accéder à une forme de compréhension de la réalité politique. S’appuyant sur une analyse de séquences politiques de journaux télévisés pendant la campagne présidentielle de 1995, le livre propose une étude plus large de la rhétoriqu...

Un président élu par les médias ?

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ISBN: 9782911256295 9782356711649 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:56
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Que n’a-t-on dit de l’emprise qu’exerce sur les médias français l’actuel Président de la République ? Ce serait grâce à des réseaux tissés de longue date parmi les patrons de presse et à de subtils jeux d’intimidation/séduction avec les journalistes que le candidat UMP, lors de la campagne présidentielle de 2007, serait parvenu à capter à son profit le jeu médiatique et, par ce biais, à persuader une majorité d’électeurs de le porter à la tête de l’État. La sociologie peut-elle nous aider à d...

Chapter 4 Evaluating electoral management performance (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Elections, Democracy and Autocracy ISBN: 9781138682412 9781315545172 Year: Pages: 30 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:20
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After a review of the rival approaches that are used to evaluate public sector performance in general, five dimensions of EMB performance are set out which are argued to be crucial for achieving democratic ideals in an electoral democracy. The aim is to set out these dimensions, and the sources of data that can be used by researchers to assess whether they are achieved. The UK and Canada are then assessed against the framework so that the utility of the model becomes clear. The concepts and framework also act as founding principles for the remainder of the book.

Chapter 1 Introduction (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Elections, Democracy and Autocracy ISBN: 9781138682412 9781315545172 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:20
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In the immediate aftermath of the 2007 Kenyan Presidential election, the country entered into a political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Post-election violence erupted leading to estimates of over 1,000 people being killed by police, criminal gangs and militia groups, and 660,000 displacements, as opponents of President Mwai Kibaki alleged electoral manipulation (CBS News 2008; Kenny 2019). Tensions were deeply rooted in Kenya’s political history.

Morrison's Miracle

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760463618 Year: DOI: 10.22459/MM.2020 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-03 00:01:12
License: ANU Press

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This book, the 17th in the federal election series and the ninth sponsored by the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, provides a comprehensive account of the 2019 Australian election, which resulted in the surprise victory of the Coalition under Scott Morrison. It brings together 36 contributors who analyse voter behaviour, campaign strategies, regional variations, polling, ideology, media and the new importance of memes and digital campaigning. Morrison’s victory underlined the continuing trend toward the personalisation of politics and the loss of trust in political institutions, both in Australia and across western democracies. Morrison’s Miracle is indispensable for understanding the May 2019 Coalition victory, which surprised many observers and confounded pollsters and political pundits.

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