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Chapter 8. Enemies (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 133-148 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-009 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:01:51
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Chapter 8 shows the connection between a certain vision of citizenship – in this context, ethnonationally defined – and violence, and how citizenship is crucial though under-researched trigger of violence. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, the chapter examines the whole post-socialist post-partition European states. It argues that the fate of many citizens of the former socialist federations in the context of their imminent disintegration was determined by their answers to the following questions: Did the incipient states (republics) and the federal centre accept the separation and the existing borders? Did all groups and all regions accept independence and the authorities of the new states? The analysis of the possible answers to these questions across post-socialist Europe brings us to three decisive triggers of violence: citizenship, borders and territories, and, finally in the early 1990s, the role of the military apparatus of defunct federations. One could safely conclude that there is an intimate historic affinity between citizenship and war. From the antique city-states where full citizenship status was acquired by serving in war (Anderson 1996: 28, 33; Pocock 1998), via the traditional military draft for men (and in some places for women) to contemporary practices that enable immigrants and foreigners serving in the armed forces, such as the US army or in the Légion étrangère, an easier access to citizenship. There is a historic relationship between ‘blood’, either inherited or spilled (one’s own or of other people), and citizenship. However, violence related to citizenship is not only physical but often invisible. It is the violence of administrative decisions, hierarchy of different statuses, ‘wrong’ passports and ‘papers’ or deprivations of citizenship. In the following chapter, I will also tackle the issue of physically invisible but nonetheless effective violence caused by the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes. In this chapter though, I will turn to the outbreak of that ‘visible’ violence that spread across almost all corners of the former Yugoslavia. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, we need to cast the net more widely all over post-socialist post-partition European states.

Kultur im Transformationsprozess Osteuropas. Zum Wandel kultureller Institutionen am Beispiel Bulgariens nach 1989

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Book Series: Bulgarische Bibliothek - Neue Folge ISBN: 9783866880719 Year: Pages: 205 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:12
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Die Wende in Osteuropa 1989 brachte die Geschichte zu einem vorläufigen Ende und einem viel versprechenden Neuanfang. Der darauf folgende Transformationsprozess, beeinflusst durch externe Faktoren wie den EU-Beitritt, ließ den Wandel primär in einem politischen und ökonomischen Licht erscheinen. Fast ausgeblendet blieb dagegen die Transformation des Nationalstaates im Bereich der Kultur, die durch den Rückzug des Staates, die Entstehung privater Akteure und internationale Vernetzung gekennzeichnet wurde. Die leitende Frage dieses Buches ist daher, ob der Wandel in Kultur und Kulturpolitik ähnlich weitreichend war wie etwa der Übergang der Staatswirtschaft zur Marktwirtschaft oder des Einparteiensystems zur Demokratie. Das Buch sucht Antworten auf diese Frage, indem es die Entwicklungen in Bulgarien nach der Wende an Hand ausgewählter Beispiele untersucht. Neben der Textanalyse wurden im Rahmen des Projekts Interviews mit bulgarischen Experten aus Kulturpolitik, Musik, Theater, Kulturverwaltung, Literatur, Kritik und Wissenschaft, Kulturstiftungen, Veranstaltungswesen, Kunstverbände und Fachmedien durchgeführt.

Past for the Eyes

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ISBN: 9789639776036 9786155211430 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Visual Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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How do museums and cinema shape the image of the Communist past in today’s Central and Eastern Europe? This volume is the first systematic analysis of how visual techniques are used to understand and put into context the former regimes. After history “ended” in the Eastern Bloc in 1989, museums and other memorials mushroomed all over the region. These efforts tried both to explain the meaning of this lost history, as well as to shape public opinion on their society’s shared post-war heritage...

Past in the Making

Author:
ISBN: 9789639776043 9786155211423 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Historical revisionism, far from being restricted to small groups of ‘negationists,’ has galvanized debates in the realm of recent history. The studies in this book range from general accounts of the background of recent historical revisionism to focused analyses of particular debates or social-cultural phenomena in individual Central European countries, from Germany to Ukraine and Estonia. Where is the borderline between legitimate re-examination of historical interpretations and attempts t...

Between Past and Future

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ISBN: 9789639116719 9789633860038 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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""The list of contributors is impressive withnot a single dull chapter…; the editors are to be congratulated for making available such a stimulating and timely, if not timeless, collection"" - Slavic Review ""[T]his is a book that will serve many intellectual tastes and interests, and that will certainly prove thought provoking for anyone who reads it... I recommend it to anybody who wants to witness the analythical depth and span with which the meaning of 1989 can be approached."" - Extremism ...

Stroemungen der polnischen Gegenwartsliteratur (1945 - 1989)

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876904481 Year: Pages: 129 Language: Polish|German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:48
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness

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ISBN: 9789639116979 9789633860045 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Based on the idea that there is a considerable difference between reality and discourse, the author points out that history is constantly reconstructed, adapted and sometimes mythicized from the perspectives of the present day, present states of mind and ideologies. He closely examines historical culture and conscience in nineteenth and twentieth century Romania, particularly concentrating on the impact of the national ideology on history. Boia's innovative analysis identifies several key myt...

Indogermanisch, Slawisch und Baltisch

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876905150 Year: Pages: 242 Language: English|German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:46
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Abstract

Materialien des vom 21.-22. September 1989 in Jena in Zusammenarbeit mit der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft durchgeführten Kolloquiums.

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