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Un double compromis. Enjeux et débats relatifs à l’enseignement universitaire en Belgique au XIXe siècle

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ISBN: 9789038217802 Year: Pages: 486 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_412758 Language: French
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Education --- Sociology --- Arts in general --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:31:04
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This book reveals the history of discussions regarding university education in Belgium, from the abolishment of the old university of Leuven in 1797 to the promulgation of the laws on higher education in 1890 and 1891. Different issues pass the revue, such as the number and location of the universities, the entrance conditions, the educational programme and methods, the organisation of the examination system, the transformation of the university - from a vocational school to a research institution -, the training of future professors and the admission of women to the university. The general debates are systematically confronted with practical developments within the faculties of arts and medicine. A double compromise characterised both the debates and the practical realisations: between what was generally considered the French model and the German university system, and between the internal and external freedom of the universities.

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belgium --- 19th century --- university --- education

¿Qué hacer con los pobres? Elites y sectores populares en Santiago de Chile 1840-1895

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ISBN: 9789568416089 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 267 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617579 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 03:22:15
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Study on the phenomenon of the poor and poverty in Santiago city in the 19th century, and the reaction of the political and economic elite

Begegnung - Vermittlung - Innovation Band 1 - Annäherungen an Musik- und Kompositionspraktiken im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts

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ISBN: 9783863952242 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:02
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Durchbricht man das starre Denkmuster einer Trennung von Leben und Kunst, so rücken bisher versteckte Orte des Wissens in den Vordergrund. Auf der Suche nach diesen neuen Wissens-Orten, nach Mikrokosmen und deren Resonanzen in der Musikkultur im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts soll dieser Band mit seinen verschiedenartigen Beiträgen ein stimmungsvolles und ebenso mosaikhaftes Bild wiedergeben, das uns auffordert, das Kulturleben dieser, aber auch anderer Epochen in seiner ganzen Vielfalt wahrzunehmen und zu begreifen. Die Texte des vorliegenden Bandes fassen einige der Freien Referate zusammen, die beim 15. Internationalen Kongress der Gesellschaft für Musikforschung „Music | Musics. Structures and Processes“ vom 5.–8. September 2012 in Göttingen gehalten worden sind. Mit Beiträgen von Merle Fahrholz, Axel Fischer und Matthias Kornemann, Melanie von Goldbeck, Christine Hoppe, Martin Knust und Ingela Tägil, Marie Winkelmüller und Christhard Zimpel.

The Lives of Machines: The Industrial Imaginary in Victorian Literature and Culture

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ISBN: 9780472071401 9780472051403 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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Today we commonly describe ourselves as machines that ""let off steam"" or feel ""under pressure."" The Lives of Machines investigates how Victorian technoculture came to shape this language of human emotion so pervasively and irrevocably and argues that nothing is more intensely human and affecting than the nonhuman. Tamara Ketabgian explores the emergence of a modern and more mechanical view of human nature in Victorian literature and culture. Treating British literature from the 1830s to the 1870s, this study examines forms of feeling and community that combine the vital and the mechanical, the human and the nonhuman, in surprisingly hybrid and productive alliances. Challenging accounts of industrial alienation that still persist, the author defines mechanical character and feeling not as erasures or negations of self, but as robust and nuanced entities in their own right. The Lives of Machines thus offers an alternate cultural history that traces sympathies between humans, animals, and machines in novels and nonfiction about factory work as well as in other unexpected literary sites and genres, whether domestic, scientific, musical, or philosophical. Ketabgian historicizes a model of affect and community that continues to inform recent theories of technology, psychology, and the posthuman. The Lives of Machines will be of interest to students of British literature and history, history of science and of technology, novel studies, psychoanalysis, and postmodern cultural studies.

Mallarmé devant ses contemporains

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ISBN: 9780980723076 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.20851/mallarme Language: French
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 09:42:33
License: University of Adelaide Press

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The enigmatic nature of Mallarmé’s works disconcerted his first readers and they were published at a period when the number of newspaper and periodicals was rapidly increasing. In the last quarter of the 19th century many comments on his writings appeared in print, some were laudatory, others claimed that he wished to found a poetic School of the Unintelligible. Today’s reader will find gathered here reviews published when individual works first appeared and critical texts on his work in general. Among the aspects of his influence on his contemporaries which have been little known hitherto are the reactions of those who heard the first performances of Debussy’s Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun in 1894 and 1895, and the use that was made of Mallarmé’s name in aesthetic and political polemics at the time, associating him with Odilon Redon or Émile Zola. Some of his utterances made at the celebrated Mardis are also recorded here.

Franz von Ottenthal (1818–1899)

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ISBN: 9783205784609 Year: Pages: 310 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437185 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4127
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:23
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Dr. Franz von Ottenthal served as a General Practitioner in Sand, in the South Tyrolean Tauferer Ahrntal from 1847 to 1899, over a period lasting more than 50 years. From 1861 until 1882, in a period of great regional and imperial tensions, he even was member of the Tyrolean Landtag (diet).In 1837/8 he began his medical studies at the University of Vienna, where important physicians from the "Zweite Wiener Medizinische Schule" like Carl von Rokitansky, Joseph Skoda and Philipp Semmelweis were teaching.Ottenthal worked as a medical expert in Windisch-Matrei (East Tyrol) for almost two years. Then he went back home and became a General Practitioner in Neumelans, the residence of his family.This biography treats particularly the career as a physician, his engagement in the medical service and the difficulties during the collaboration with medical authorities. On the other side it contains further an analysis of the medical records and the letters of his patients for a better patient view. Further this biography discusses open questions like medical development, fees, properties of a noble rural physicians in the second part of the 19 century and the competition with other physicians and healers. A big space is dedicated to the treatment of mental illness. Ottenthal wasn't a 'psychiatrist', but he was as well responsible for the care and the treatment of persons with mental disease. With a report by a physician began - crossing a lot of other institutions - the way in the asylum.The Ottenthal family, whose everyday life has tried to be reconstructed along private correspondence, is a typical example of a family from the second part of the 19th century between nobility and bourgeoisie characterized on the one hand by qualification, know-how and a lucrative job and on the other by a nobility title, fortune and landed property.Franz von Ottenthal wasn't a famous physician like Rudolf Virchow, Robert Koch or Carl von Rokitansky. Nevertheless he was a modern, political engaged, self-confident practitioner and he is a very good example for the fusion of nobility and bourgeoisie in a rural life of the 19th century.This publication should be a contribution to the exploration of rural medical practice, which is little known and often poor of sources. It will even be a starting-point for further comparative studies of other medical biographies and legacies.

Dörfer und Deputierte

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ISBN: 9783205788157 Year: Pages: 946 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_453613 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4312
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:41
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The manuscript deals with the elections to the Austrian Constituent Diet in June 1848, compared with those to the French National Assembly in April of the same year, with a focus on the dissemination of new concepts and practices of politics – particularly electoral and representative politics – in rural areas. The approach is based on concepts from the debate on the “politicisation” of rural populations which has been conducted in France during the past decades. To facilitate a detailed analysis closely based on primary sources, the study is limited to the province of Lower Austria (excluding Vienna) and the former department of Seine-et-Oise, surrounding Paris. The manuscript is based on a dissertation accepted in 2010, which has been revised in both content and form. Additional archival research in France in January and February 2011 has allowed an augmentation of the primary source basis.After a summary of theoretical and methodical positions regarding the use of international comparison, a brief presentation of the debates on “politicisation” is intended to familiarize the reader both with the concept and with recent criticisms of it (Chapter 2). The resulting approach is based on the idea not of “politicization” versus a prior “apolitical” condition of rural populations, but rather of a complex of interconnected but not identical shifts in rural concepts and practices of politics.In a first section, demographic, economic and social conditions of the two regions are presented and compared (Chapter 3), as are intellectual preconditions regarding mobility, literacy, religious behavior, and prior experiences with political participation (Chapter 4). The revolutions of 1848 are described with particular attention devoted to the forms they took in rural areas (Chapter 5).The legal and normative framework of the elections is compared in detail, as are administrative prepa¬rations and the processes of electoral information (Chapter 6). These are viewed as efforts by which models of electoral politics, proposed by new and old political elites in both countries, were put before the populations using the power and communicative resources at the disposal of the elites. The elections themselves are first closely described under their procedural aspect; then an analysis of voting behaviour is attempted (Chapter 7). These multiple perspectives demonstrate that divergent notions of the meaning and function of elections competed, but also intermixed. This concerns not only rivalry between the elite-proposed models described in Chapter 6, but also their meeting with concepts held by members of the wider population. In Lower Austria, large numbers of rural voters either rejected or, more frequently, reinterpreted and subverted the proposed electoral model on the basis older practices of political articu¬lation predicated on a corporate subdivision of society. In Seine-et-Oise, behaviors pointing to divergent notions of election are comparatively marginal next to a widespread acceptance of the proposed model.Although the two cases studied differ considerably from one another, and both have only quite limited resemblance to late 20th-century ideals of democratic elections, both can be situated within a complex history of the gradual displacement of older concepts of elections specifically and of politics in general by elements of those familiar in the present.

The Limits of Patriarchy: How Female Networks of Pilfering and Gossip Sparked the First Debates on Rural Gender Rights in the 19th-Century Finnish-Language Press

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Ethnologica ISBN: 9789522223272 9789522227928 9789522227584 Year: Pages: 263 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.13 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:47
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"In the mid-19th century, letters to newspapers in Finland began to condemn a practice known as home thievery, in which farm mistresses pilfered goods from their farms to sell behind the farm master’s back. Why did farm mistresses engage home thievery and why were writers so harsh in their disapproval of it? Why did many men in their letters nonetheless sympathize with women’s pilfering? What opinions did farm daughters express? This book explores theoretical concepts of agency and power applied to the 19th-century context and takes a closer look at the family patriarch, resistance to patriarchal power by farm mistresses and their daughters, and the identities of those Finnish men who already in the 1850s and 1860s sought to defend the rights of rural farm women."

Mediterranean quarantines, 1750–1914: Space, identity and power

Authors: ---
Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526115546 Year: Pages: 336 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:01:59
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Mediterranean quarantines investigates how quarantine, the centuries-old practice of collective defence against epidemics, experienced significant transformations from the eighteenth century in the Mediterranean Sea, its original birthplace. The new epidemics of cholera and the development of bacteriology and hygiene, European colonial expansion, the intensification of commercial interchanges, the technological revolution in maritime and land transportation and the modernisation policies in Islamic countries were among the main factors behind such transformations. The book focuses on case studies on the European and Islamic shores of the Mediterranean showing the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organisation of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities of political regimes.

Chapter 6 - Prevention and stigma (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:02:28
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This chapter investigates the use of quarantine as an instrument of social control and as dispositive for the construction and stigmatization of the Muslim ‘other’. The study takes the under-researched case of the Hajj to Mecca from the Balkans, hence focusing on Muslims from Bulgaria and Bosnia-Herzegovina (the latter under Austrian-Hungarian rule as from 1878). Both Bosnian and Bulgarian Muslim pilgrims experienced quarantine on their return from Mecca, yet in unequal measures. Bosnian hajjis were given a more lenient quarantine than their Bulgarian co-religionists by their separate sanitary authorities – with regard to the duration of isolation and the disinfection of their bodies and personal belongings. This was due to the different political and cultural attitudes towards their Muslim minorities by these two Balkan regimes.

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