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Le désir de calme : L’histoire du mouvement Sawaba au Niger

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ISBN: 9782753578814 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.42981 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:47
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 1954, Djibo Bakary, un activiste nationaliste de gauche nigérien fonda l’Union Démocratique Nigérienne (UDN), un parti politique qui visait non seulement à combattre la domination coloniale, mais aussi à réaliser une transformation large de la société nigérienne. Le parti fut salué par le cri de ralliement « Sawaba », un terme haoussa qui indique le soulagement par rapport à l’adversité et un retour au calme et à la sérénité soulignant l’aspiration des Nigériens à être délivrés de la pauvreté et de l’oppression coloniale sous toutes ses formes. Le Sawaba, dont le noyau était constitué d’un « petit peuple » de ruraux ayant migré en ville, remporta les premières élections générales au suffrage universel du Niger en 1957 et forma le tout premier gouvernement autonome du pays, sous suzeraineté française. En 1958, le mouvement eut maille à partir avec le pouvoir gaulliste de France préférant l’indépendance immédiate à une nouvelle forme d’autonomie et appelant à rejeter la constitution de la Ve République. Les Français, compte tenu la situation stratégique du Niger, réagirent de manière implacable. En violation flagrante de la constitution, un nouveau gouverneur émascula le gouvernement Bakary. La campagne du Sawaba fut contrecarrée. Le parti, interdit, devint une organisation militaire menant la guérilla. Cependant, la guérilla du Sawaba (1960-1966), soutenue par des régimes gauchistes étrangers, aboutit à un échec entraînant la destruction définitive du mouvement. Le récit des luttes du Sawaba n’est pas dénué d’ambigüité, ce qui renvoie au caractère hybride du mouvement et aux métamorphoses vécues au long de son existence. Les sawabistes se montrèrent un mélange singulier d’activistes politiques et de combattants qui, au lieu de faire violence à la population, s’engagèrent dans la bataille comme les agitateurs de rue qu’ils furent jadis – certes armés, mais avec l’espoir de plaire à l’électeur et d’entraîner une fin instantanée aux souffrances du peuple. Millénariste plutôt que militariste, cette mentalité donne la clef de la tragédie de leur défaite.

Keywords

Africa --- 20th century

Philosophy en noir

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ISBN: 9788024638539 9788024638546 Year: Pages: 381 Language: English
Publisher: Karolinum Press Grant: Creativity and Adaptability as Conditions of the Success of Europe in an Interrelated World (reg. no.: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000734)
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-03 11:44:37
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Thought necessarily reflects the times. Following the tragedy of the Holocaust, this fact became ever more clear. And it may be the reason postwar philosophical texts are so difficult to understand, since they confront incomprehensibly traumatic experiences. In this first English-language translation of any of his books, Miroslav Petříček—one of the most influential and erudite Czech philosophers, and a student of Jan Patočka—argues that to exist in the second half of the twentieth century and beyond, Western philosophy has had to rewrite its tradition and its discourse, radically transforming itself. Should philosophy be capable of bearing witness to the time, Petříček contends, this metamorphosis in philosophy is necessary. Offering an original Central European perspective on postwar philosophical discourse that reflects upon the historical underpinnings of pop culture phenomena and complex philosophical schools—including Adorno, Agamben, Benjamin, Derrida, Husserl, Kracauer, and many others—Philosophy en noir is a record of this transformation.

A Century of Science Publishing - A Collection of Essays

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ISBN: 9781586031480 9781607501015 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-58603-148-0-3 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Library and Information Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 15:03:18
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Leading publishers and observers of the science publishing scene comment in essay form on key developments over the past century. The scale of the global research effort and its industrial organisation have resulted in substantial increases in the published volume, as well as new techniques for its handling. The former languages of science communication, like Latin and German, have given way to English. The domination of European science before WWII has been followed by large efforts in North America and the Far East. The roots of the National Library of Medicine lie in the US Army medical library, the US War effort gave rise to hypertext, and the US defense reaction to the Soviet Sputnik resulted in the Internet. The European invention of the Web has also changed the science publishing scene in the past five years. Some characteristic publishing enterprises, commercial and society owned, are described in a series of articles. These are followed by analysis of recent developments and possible changes to come. Functions of publishers, librarians and agents are brought into context. The future of publishing is currently being debated on open channels, while the historical dimension and professional input are sometimes lacking.

Keywords

science --- publishing --- 20th century --- ICT

Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte (20. Jahrhundert)

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Book Series: Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte Hamburgs ISBN: 9783937816463 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.AKGH.26.71 Language: English
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22

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The fifth part of the "Hamburgische Kirchengeschichte in Aufsätzen" (Hamburg's church history in essays) covers Hamburg's church history in the 20th century.In addition to articles on the history of the regional church in the Weimar Republic, in the "Third Reich", in the post-war period and in the second half of the 20th century, theological outsiders, student counselling, the long road to equality of theologians, denazification, the Pedagogical-Theological Institute and practical theology are presented. The history of the Catholic Church is described in own contributions. Biographies of the regional bishops and a bibliography complete the presentation.

Body, Capital, and Screens:

Authors: ---
Book Series: MediaMatters ISBN: 9789048540310 Year: Pages: 350 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 694817
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:11:41
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This book began life with the inaugural conference of the international research project ‘The healthy self as body capital: Individuals, market-based societies, body politics and visual media in the twentieth century Europe’, held in Strasbourg from 23 to 25 February 2017. The editors would like to thank all participants for their stimulating input during this outstanding event. The presentations and discussions influenced this book in many ways. The research project and the book are funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 694817) and receive significant support from the University of Strasbourg, the Research Unit SAGE (UMR 7363), and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin (Center for the History of Emotions). We owe gratitude to Tricia Close Koenig, Thérèse Vicente, Lionel Boutton, Fatima Gomis, and Assia Hammali for material support with our research and Elisabeth Fuchs for translation work and subtitling (all University of Strasbourg). We would also like to thank our editor at Amsterdam University Press, Maryse Elliott, for her support in the production of the book. Moreover, we thank our contributors for their inspiring ideas and indepth research. We would like to thank the artists VALIE EXPORT for her collaboration with one of the chapters and Sascha Kürschner for working with us on the book cover. We hope that his drawing ‘FEELING REAL’ from his series ‘PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS’ provides a fitting visual prelude to an interesting read.

Keywords

visual media --- health --- 20th century

In the Eye of the Storm

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ISBN: 9781921666537 Year: Pages: 735 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459279 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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To read this evocative book is to be thrust into a Fiji that has, for the moment, been snuffed out by military might: a Fiji of political parties, parliamentary politics, elections, manifestoes, campaigns, democractic defence of interests, party manoeuvres, and constitutional protection of rights and freedoms. It is a comprehensive and eloquent re-telling of the story of Fiji politics from independence in 1970 to 1999 through the perspective of Fiji’s greatest living statesman, Jai Ram Reddy, by one of the world’s most distinguished scholars of its history and politics.

A Vision for Change: Speeches and Writings of AD Patel, 1929-1969

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ISBN: 9781921862335 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459773 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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“This collection of the writings and speeches of one of Fiji’s greatest statesmen, the late Mr AD Patel, points to a different future which, if allowed to come to fruition, would have spared Fiji the fate it later encountered in its postcolonial journey. As a leader, Mr Patel was unmatchable in intellect and oratorical brilliance, glimpses of which we see in this volume. Dr Lal deserves to be congratulated for his patience and perseverance in completing this project. This book will find an honoured place among others on Fiji’s complex and contested modern history.”

A Vision for Change: AD Patrel and the Politics of Fiji

Author:
ISBN: 9781921666599 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459772 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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“Dr Lal’s book is more than an eloquent account of the political struggle of one of Fiji’s outstanding leaders. It is a timely reminder that the process of constitutional change hangs in the balance, as it did at the time of Mr Patel’s death. I hope his example will inspire future generations in Fiji to realise the vision articulated by a brilliant and courageous advocate of democracy, and a loyal son of Fiji.” Late Adi Kuini Bavadra

Ferdinand Ebner - Mühlauer Tagebuch 23.7.-28.8.1920

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205993452 Year: Pages: 205 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437189 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3251
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:25
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Ferdinand Ebner is next to Ludwig Wittgenstein the most important Austrian philosopher of language in the 20th century. In his main work Das Wort und die geistigen Realitäten. Pneumatologische Fragmente Ebner produces a new form of anthropology, which is based on a dialogic orientated understanding of human beings. Beside his philosophical works Ebner wrote many letters and diaries. One of the 14 existing diaries is the so-called "Mohlauer Tagebuch" from the 23rd of July to the 28 th of August 1920, which is kept on the "Brenner Archiv" in Innsbruck together with the philosophical texts and the letters. In this diary Ebner writes about his stay in Mühlau, a village near Innsbruck, where he was a guest of Ludwig von Ficker for one month and which was the beginning of a long friendship with the publisher of the Brenner. Ficker, who had already published some articles of Ebner in the Brenner, printed the Fragmente 1921, two years after Ebner wrote them. In this way Ficker became the publisher, promoter and friend of Ebner. According to some passages of the diary, Ebner experienced in Ficker a kind of acceptance and security, which he did not know before. This feeling of well-being is also a part of the deep impressions of nature, which Ebner got on many walks through the surrounding of Innsbruck. Although he was a thinker, who always emphasized the meaning of the word, these impressions showed him the limits of language. Ebner's basic opinions are presentated very clearly in his meetings with different members of the Brenner-circle and in the confrontation with the intellectual movements of the time. An example are his talks with Paul Bargehr about Buddhism, who was newly rediscovered in Europe in those days. Ebner understood the good will of Bargehr, but he cannot accept Buddhism as a solution for the big problems of the Europeans. In spite of Ebners turn to Christianity some years before the diary also shows the difficulties in the relation between Ebner and the Catholic church. Of special interest is Ebner's meeting with the painter Erich Lechleitner. In front of Lechleitner's pictures he has doubts about his radical pessimism concerning art and culture. The text of the diary is followed by a commentary, which explains the biographical, literary, philosophical, historical, etc. connections of passages in the diary. The three essays following the commentary give an overview of Ebners biographical, philosophical and cultural background. Monika Seekircher's essay includes a short biography of Ebner and describes the most important personal relations in his life as well as his intellectual developement. Richard Hörmann tries to show the connections between the diary and the Fragmente, because many entries of the diary can only be understood on the basis of the main thoughts of the Fragmente. The topic of Walter Methlagl's essay is the local cultural context, in which the diary is embedded. Special attention is given to the intellectual movements within the Brenner-circle. The numerous photos depict persons, who are mentioned in the diary, places as they then looked and the pictures by painters named in the diary.

Wendezeiten in der bulgarischen Literatur

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ISBN: 9783863951207 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-425 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-08-24 21:06:57
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„Einem ausführlichen Abriss zur Geschichte der bulgarischen Literatur aus dem beginnenden 20. Jh. folgen originelle Autorenporträts, kulturanthropologische Studien und tiefgreifende Analysen von Texten aus der jüngsten Gegenwart. Die Vernetzung verschiedener methodologischer Ansätze geht vom Kriterium der Innovation und der ästhetischen Qualität der gesichteten Werke aus. Darin sehe ich einen wesentlichen Beitrag zur Revision des Literaturkanons und dessen Rückkopplung an den sozialen, kulturellen und psychologischen Wandel der Gesellschaft im Bulgarien von heute.“ (Svetlana Arnaudova, Literaturwissenschaftlerin) „Kein vorgefundenes System und keine hergebrachte Vorstellung werden hier neu verlegt, sondern eine in beiden Kulturen – der bulgarischen und der deutschen – sich auskennende Autorin vermittelt durch ihre subjektive, aber nachvollziehbar begründete Auswahl ein lebendiges und überraschend anziehendes Bild des Bulgarischen. Besonderen Wert legt sie dabei auf den Transfer kultureller Realien.“ (Anna Dimova, Übersetzungswissenschaftlerin)

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