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Software Architectures for Humanoid Robotics

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455904 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-590-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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In the past few years humanoid robots have evolved at a rapid pace. Research has made impressive advancements on both mechatronics and cognitive capabilities, including learning, perception and control. At the same time the explosion of the market of mobile devices has led to a remarkable increase in the computational capabilities of embedded CPUs and has made available higher resolution sensors and inertial units. Research on humanoid robotics is attacking problems such as human-robot interaction, whole body control, object manipulation and tool use. These research efforts must be supported by an adequate software infrastructure which allows experimenting with new hardware and algorithms while at the same time reducing debugging time and maximizing code-reuse. The complexity of humanoid robots and their peculiar application domain require that further software engineering efforts are devoted to support the proper integration of diverse capabilities. While research in mechatronics, motor control, learning and perception receive wide visibility in in international conference and journals, software tools and software engineering know-how are rarely shared among groups working on different platforms. This Research Topic invites submissions describing efforts in software engineering in the broad field of humanoid robotics.

Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data.

This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."

Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling: With Applications for the Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9783319724065 9783319724089 Year: Pages: 235 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72408-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 12:55:59
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This open access book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these methods in the social sciences. Following an in-depth analysis of the potential impact of these methods on social science and social theory, the text provides substantive examples of the application of agent-based models in the field of demography. This work offers a unique combination of applied simulation work and substantive, in-depth philosophical analysis, and as such has potential appeal for specialist social scientists, complex systems scientists, and philosophers of science interested in the methodology of simulation and the practice of interdisciplinary computing research.​

ECAI 2006 – 17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Book Series: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications ISSN: 0922-6389 1879-8314 ISBN: 9781586036423 9781607501893 Year: Volume: 141 Pages: 892 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-04 16:03:44
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In the summer of 1956, John McCarthy organized the famous Dartmouth Conference which is now commonly viewed as the founding event for the field of Artificial Intelligence. During the last 50 years, AI has seen a tremendous development and is now a well-established scientific discipline all over the world. Also in Europe AI is in excellent shape, as witnessed by the large number of high quality papers in this publication. In comparison with ECAI 2004, there’s a strong increase in the relative number of submissions from Distributed AI / Agents and Cognitive Modelling. Knowledge Representation & Reasoning is traditionally strong in Europe and remains the biggest area of ECAI-06. One reason the figures for Case-Based Reasoning are rather low is that much of the high quality work in this area has found its way into prestigious applications and is thus represented under the heading of PAIS.

Participatory Forestry: Involvement, Information and Science

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ISBN: 9783039213313 / 9783039213320 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-332-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Public participation in forestry is a key issue in ensuring the democratization of decision-making processes, increasing the social acceptance of policies, and reducing conflicts between forest users. Public participation also provides an opportunity for the improvement of the quality of information, public debate, personal reflection, and professionalization, raising awareness. Participation in forestry implies the involvement of stakeholders (the interest group participation approach) and/or the involvement of people (the direct citizen participation approach) in the decision-making process. Since the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), new norms and perspectives have emerged encouraging a bottom-up approach in forest governance. Consequently, several participatory techniques, methods, and tools for stakeholder involvement in forest governance have been developed and applied. These different experiences allow us to learn from failures and successes and contribute to knowledge improvement. The future challenges of participatory forestry deal with adaptation to changes in ecological, social, and economic contexts.

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