Search results: Found 19

Listing 1 - 10 of 19 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Rethinking Canadian Aid

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in International Development and Globalization ISBN: 9780776623658 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612090 Language: English
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press / Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-05 11:01:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In 2013, the government abolished the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), which had been Canada's flagship foreign aid agency for decades, and transferred its functions to the newly renamed Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD). As the government is rethinking Canadian aid and its relationship with other foreign policy and commercial objectives, the time is ripe to rethink Canadian aid more broadly. Edited by Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer and David R. Black, this revised edition not only analyzes Canada's past development assistance, it also highlights important new opportunities in the context of the recent change in government. Designed to reach a variety of audiences, contributions by twenty scholars and experts in the field offer an incisive examination of Canada's record and initiatives in Canadian foreign aid, including its relatively recent emphasis on maternal and child health and on the extractive sector, as well as the longer-term engagement with state fragility.&#xD;&#xD;The portrait that emerges is a sobering one. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in Canada's changing role in the world.

Keywords

foreign aid --- canada

The Pacific challenge - Development trends in the 21st century

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783938616109 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The enormous leaps of growth and development experienced by Eastern and Southeast Asian states since the 1960s on account of their astonishing industrial development have led to concerns that a resulting global economic and political shift might favour the »Pacific region« at the expense of the »Atlantic region«. A »Pacific century« was proclaimed, in which it was predicted that Asian-Pacific countries would outpace the traditional leading powers of the West. A more careful look quickly reveals that this view is too simplistic. From the point of view of various disciplines and covering different nations like China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea the authors of this publication pursue the question whether the 21st century can already be labelled the »Pacific Century«. This was also the title of the interdisciplinary series of lectures held at the University of Göttingen/Germany in the winter semester 2003/2004. This series of lectures was jointly organized by the Department of Geography, the University of Göttingen and the Association of Pacific Studies e.V. (APSA). This 10th volume of the publication series »Pazifik Forum« contains contributions by W. Kreisel, M. Taube & Ka-Wai Yiu, M. Waibel, A. Croissant, B. Dahm, H. Schneider, R. Seib and R. Jordan.

A Samaritan State Revisited: Historical Perspectives on Canadian Foreign Aid

Authors: ---
Book Series: Beyond Boundaries: Canadian Defence and Strategic Studies ISSN: 19252919 ISBN: 9781773850405 Year: Pages: 377
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 22:11:44
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Canada’s foreign aid programs are an area of ongoing interest, yet there is little knowledge of Canada’s 70-year aid history, the historic forces that have shaped Canadian aid policy, and the many complex factors that affect Canada’s future foreign aid policy. A Samaritan State Revisited brings together a refreshing group of emerging and leading scholars to reflect on the history of Canada’s overseas development aid. Addressing the broad ideological and institutional origins of Canada’s official development assistance in the 1950s and specific themes in its evolution and professionalization since the 1960s, this collection is the first to explore Canada’s history with foreign aid with this level of interrogative detail.Extending from the 1950s to the present and covering Canadian aid to all regions of the Global South, from South and Southeast Asia to Latin America and Africa, these essays embrace a variety of approaches and methodologies ranging from traditional, archival-based research to textual and image analysis, oral history, and administrative studies. A Samaritan State Revisited weaves together a unique synthesis of governmental and non-governmental perspectives, providing a clear and readily accessible explanation of the forces that have shaped Canadian foreign aid policy

Healthcare, Frugal Innovation, and Professional Voluntarism: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483658 9783319483665 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48366-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:50:28
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries.

Keywords

healthcare --- politics --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The rise of multi-bi aid and the proliferation of trust funds (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781783474578 9781783474592 Year: Pages: 28 DOI: 10.4337/9781783474592.00041 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 17:09:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Since the end of the Cold War, development assistance has been transformed in various ways. The aid allocation and the aid effectiveness literature intensively discuss the qualitative reorientation from geopolitical towards actual poverty reduction objectives and the donors’ related geographical and sector choices. The introduction of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Bank’s poverty reduction strategies (PRS), and the new principles for aid developed in the context of the Paris Declaration have all triggered important dynamics that also found a corresponding reflection in the literature. In parallel, there has been a much more silent revolution of funding mechanisms, widely discussed within aid agencies, but so far without any significant analysis in the academic literature. While donor countries traditionally face a binary choice between two channels for official development assistance (ODA), namely, the bilateral and the multilateral channel, they now increasingly opt for a combination of the two, generally called ‘multi-bi’ aid. In this context, they channel funds to an international development organization (IDO), a multilateral agency that implements development activities, but without providing the IDO with the authority to spend these funds at its own discretion. Owing to this earmarking to specific areas in which the funds may be used, multi-bi aid differs substantially from traditional core funding to multilaterals. A further difference consists in the voluntary nature of multi-bi contributions that provide much more flexibility to the donor government.

Re-Visioning Arts and Cultural Policy: Current Impasses and Future Directions

Author:
ISBN: 9781921313394 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459486 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this monograph, Jennifer Craik undertakes a critical and historical analysis of the main imperatives of arts and cultural policy in Australia. With forensic skill she examines the financial and policy instruments commonly relied upon in this much contested and diverse area of public policy. Craik uses her analysis of past and current policy responses as a platform for articulating future options. This is a valuable work for cultural professionals and administrators, art historians and, indeed, anyone with an abiding interest in the management of the nation’s cultural estate.

Globalising Democracy

Author:
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Globalisation ISBN: 9780203965719 9780415401845 9780415401838 9781134143894 9781134143887 9781134143849 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203965719 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume brings together expert contributors to explore the intersection of two major contemporary themes: globalization, and the contribution that both domestic party politics and international party support make to democratization. Globalising Democracy clearly shows what globalization means for domestic and international efforts to build effective political parties and competitive party systems in new and emerging democracies. Contrasting perspectives are presented through fresh case studies of European post-communist countries, Africa and Turkey. The reader is clearly shown how international party assistance is a manifestation and vehicle of globalization, and explores how it may be assessed in terms of: global economic integration the growth of global communications the development and implications for party politics of multi-level governance. This is the first book to analyze the impact of globalization on democracy and will be of great interest to all students of international relations, governance and politics.

Building State Capability: Evidence, Analysis, Action

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198747482 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747482.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Harvard University
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Governments play a major role in the development process, and constantly introduce reforms and policies to achieve developmental objectives. Many of these interventions have limited impact, however; schools get built but kids don’t learn, IT systems are introduced but not used, plans are written but not implemented. These achievement deficiencies reveal gaps in capabilities, and weaknesses in the process of building state capability. This book addresses these weaknesses and gaps. It starts by providing evidence of the capability shortfalls that currently exist in many countries, showing that many governments lack basic capacities even after decades of reforms and capacity-building efforts. The book then analyzes this evidence, identifying capability traps that hold many governments back—particularly related to isomorphic mimicry (where governments copy best practice solutions from other countries that make them look more capable even if they are not more capable) and premature load bearing (where governments adopt new mechanisms that they cannot actually make work, given weak extant capacities). The book then describes a process that governments can use to escape these capability traps. Called PDIA (problem-driven iterative adaptation), this process empowers people working in governments to find and fit solutions to the problems they face. The discussion about this process is structured in a practical manner so that readers can actually apply tools and ideas to the capability challenges they face in their own contexts. These applications will help readers devise policies and reforms that have more impact than those of the past.

Keywords

foreign aid --- reform --- policy --- government --- politics --- capability --- development --- poverty --- pdia --- services

Epigenetics of B Cells and Antibody Responses

Author:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197903 Year: Pages: 121 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-790-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Allergy and Immunology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 17:04:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene activity that are heritable but not caused by changes in the DNA sequence. By modulating gene activities, epigenetic changes regulate cell functions. They include DNA methylation, histone posttranslational modifications and gene silencing by the action of non-coding RNAs, particularly microRNAs. It is now clear that epigenetic changes regulate B cell development. By acting in concert with networks of transcription factors, they modulate the activation of B cell lineage specific gene programs and repress inappropriate gene transcription in particular B cell differentiation states. A hallmark of B cell development in the bone marrow is the assembly of the B cell receptor (BCR) for antigen through rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy (IgH) and light (IgL) chain V(D)J genes, as mediated by RAG1/RAG2 recombinases. Ig V(D)J rearrangement critically times the progression from pro-B cell to pre-B cell and, finally, mature B cell. Such progression is modulated by epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation and histone posttranslational modifications, that increase chromatin accessibility and target RAG/RAG2 to V, D and J DNA. It is also dependent on the expression of multiple microRNAs. Mice deficient in Ago2, which is essential for microRNA biogenesis and function, have B cell development blocked at the pro-B cell stage. In agreement with this, B cell specific ablation of microRNA by B cell-specific knockout of Dicer virtually blocks B cell differentiation at the pro-B to pre-B cell transition. After mature B cells encounter antigen, changes of the epigenetic landscape are induced by the same stimuli that drive the antibody response; such epigenetic changes underpin the maturation of the antibody response itself. They instruct those B cell differentiation processes, somatic hypermutation (SHM), class switch DNA recombination (CSR) and plasma cell differentiation, that are central to the maturation of the antibody response as well as differentiation of memory B cells. Inducible histone modifications, together with DNA methylation and microRNAs modulate the transcriptome, particularly the expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), central to SHM and CSR, and B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1), which is central to plasma cell differentiation. Combinatorial histone modifications also function as histone codes in the targeting of the CSR and, possibly, the SHM machinery to the Ig locus by recruiting specific adaptors (histone code readers) that can in turn target and/or stabilize CSR/SHM factors. Epigenetic alterations in memory B cells contribute to their functionally distinction from their naive counterparts. Memory B cells inherit epigenetic information from their precursors and acquire new epigenetic marks, which make these resting B cells poised to promptly respond to antigen. The cross/feedback regulation of different epigenetic modifications/elements further increases the complexity of the B cell epigenome, which interacts with the genetic information for precise modulation of gene expression. It is increasingly evident that epigenetic dysregulation in B cells, including aberrant expression of microRNAs, can result in aberrant antibody responses to microbial pathogens, emergence of pathogenic autoantibodies or B cell neoplastic transformation. Epigenetic marks are potential targets for new therapeutics in autoimmunity and B cell malignancy.

Listing 1 - 10 of 19 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by