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Pratiques culturelles, 1973-2008 : Questions de mesure et d’interprétation des résultats

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ISBN: 9782111398689 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’enquête Pratiques culturelles des Français, réalisée depuis 1973 par le ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, mesure les taux de pénétration, au sein de la population française, des principales formes d’accès à la culture. Comparer des données d’enquêtes sociologiques produites depuis trente-cinq ans à intervalle d’une décennie environ requiert plusieurs précautions méthodologiques à mettre en œuvre pour l’analyse des données. Il convient de tenir compte des évolutions structurelles de la société aux plans démographique, économique et social et de distinguer les effets d’époque, de génération et d’offre. Ensuite, les pratiques culturelles elles-mêmes, et plus généralement les modes d’accès à la culture se sont transformés depuis trente-cinq ans, notamment sous l’effet des innovations technologiques. Enfin, le document revient sur l’interprétation des processus souvent convoqués pour analyser l’évolution des pratiques culturelles : féminisation, élitisation ou démocratisation, juvénilisation.

Lehrkraft-Eltern-Interaktionen am Elternsprechtag. Eine gesprächs- und gattungsanalytische Untersuchung

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Book Series: Empirische Linguistik / Empirical Linguistics ISSN: 21988676 ISBN: 9783110476019 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 431 DOI: 10.1515/9783110476019 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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This study uses a corpus of authentic language data to examine the linguistic and communicative practices whereby participants develop the social institutional reality of the parent-teacher conference. The focus is on a linguistic analysis of the conversational acts that constitute the genre: informing, counseling, and assigning responsibility.

Approche générationnelle des pratiques culturelles et médiatiques

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ISBN: 9782111398047 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
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L’approche par générations – c’est-à-dire par groupes d’individus nés au même moment et ayant par conséquent le même calendrier de vie – permet de distinguer les effets d’âge des effets de génération. Appliquée aux résultats des quatre vagues d’enquête sur les pratiques culturelles des Français (1973, 1981, 1988, 1997) cette approche confirme la nature générationnelle de la plupart des évolutions constatées depuis le début des années 1970 en montrant qu’elles ont été généralement initiées par une génération particulière, puis poursuivies et amplifiées par les suivantes. La montée en charge de l’audiovisuel par rapport à l’imprimé, par exemple, apparaît comme une mutation amorcée il y a trente ans par le recul de la lecture de la presse quotidienne, poursuivie par l’augmentation du temps passé devant le petit écran au moment de l’explosion du PAF et, un peu plus tard, par une relative désaffection pour la lecture de livre, puis enfin amplifiée ces dernières années par la généralisation des ordinateurs. L’analyse rétrospective confirme que la plupart des pratiques culturelles et médiatiques traditionnellement mesurées depuis le début des années 1970 semblent s’acheminer vers un déclin plus ou moins marqué au cours des prochaines années, à l’exception de l’écoute de la musique enregistrée. Cette tendance générale apparaît d’autant plus probable que ces dernières années ont été marquées par l’émergence d’une culture numérique que les jeunes générations ont massivement investie et dont on peut penser par conséquent qu’elle est amenée à se développer dans les années à venir du simple fait du renouvellement générationnel. Il est donc difficile, dans une perspective prospective, de ne pas penser que l’essor de cette culture numérique en devenir ne se fasse, au moins en partie, au détriment des pratiques culturelles et médiatiques antérieures, en raison de la concurrence qu’elle crée en termes de budget et de budgettemps, mais aussi en raison de la nature même de l’offre qu’elle propose, tant au plan des contenus culturels écrits, audio ou vidéo que des possibilités de diffusion pour les anciens médias (presse, radio, télevision).

New Trends on Genome and Transcriptome Characterizations

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456109 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-610-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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This Research Topic is devoted to bioinformaticians, geneticists and researchers who study or apply methods and algorithms for genomes and transcriptome analyses, aimed at understanding pathology discriminations and classifications. Papers are encouraged that use unconventional approaches and/or where mathematical and computational concepts are applied to biological and medical contexts in original ways. The contributions presented in the Topic should be of interest also to a wide class of scientists and students involved in the several fields where genomic and transcriptomic approaches are becoming essential for future investigations.

Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change

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ISBN: 9781927356203 9781927356210 9781927356227 Year: Pages: 404 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 10:35:10
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Macrosociology—the study of large-scale social structures and the fundamental principles of social organization—was the style of sociology practiced by the founders of the discipline. Today, the social theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and Herbert Spencer (among others) are commonly studied as part of the history of the field, but, although the macrosociological approach that these thinkers advocated is still employed, it no longer dominates the discipline. Instead, sociologists typically adopt a narrower focus, specializing in areas such as social psychology, medicine, religion, or the study of social stratification. Examining the bigger picture is a task often left to public intellectuals.Sociocultural Systems aims to reinstate macrosciology as the heart of the discipline by demonstrating that both classical and contemporary macrosociologists stand upon common ground. Focusing on the broad issues that concerned the founders, Elwell addresses questions such as: Historically, what factors accounted for the origin, survival, and evolution of sociocultural systems? Why were some societies more technologically advanced than others? What is the origin of capitalism? What factors determine the allocation of goods and services within and among societies? What effects do changes in government and economic institutions have on communities?Elwell argues that, as evolution does for biology, the macrosociological paradigm offers an analytical strategy that can be used both to guide and prioritize research in all of the myriad specialties within sociology and to lay forth an orderly body of knowledge for students. Clearly articulating important sociological principles, Sociocultural Systems provides a critical understanding of social institutions and issues, while also furnishing a framework for possible solutions to the perennial social crises that are part and parcel of the development of human societies.

Factor analysis - Healing an ailing model

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ISBN: 9783863951337 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-466 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-23 08:54:16
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Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a statistical tool for digging out hidden factors which give rise to the diversity of manifest objectives in psychology, medicine and other sciences. EFA had its heyday as psychologist Leon Thurstone (1935 and 1948) based EFA on what he called the “principle of simple structure” (SS). This principle, however, was erroneous from the beginning what remained unrecognized despite subsequent inventions of more sophisticated statistical tools such as confirmatory analysis and structural equation modeling. These methods are highly recommended today as tolerable routes to model complexities of observation. But they did not remove the harmful errors that SS had left behind. Five chapters in this book demonstrate and explain the trouble. In chapter 2 the ailment of SS is healed by introducing an unconventional factor rotation, called Varimin. Varimin gives variables of an analysis an optimal opportunity to manifest functional interrelations underlying correlational observations. Ten applications of Varimin (in chapter 2) show that its results are superior to results obtained by the conventional Varimax procedure. Further applications are presented for sports achievements (chapter 3), intelligence (chapter 4), and personality (chapter 5). If Varimin keeps on standing the tests new theoretical building blocks will arise together with conceptual networks promoting a better understanding of the domains under study. Readers may check this prognosis by themselves using the statistical tool (Varimin) which is provided by open access in the internet.

Established and Outsiders at the Same Time - Self-Images and We-Images of Palestinians in the West Bank and in Israel

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ISBN: 9783863952860 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-997 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-28 11:01:13
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Palestinians frequently present a harmonizing and homogenizing we-image of their own national we-group, as a way of counteracting Israeli attempts to sow divisions among them, whether through Israeli politics or through the dominant public discourse in Israel. However, a closer look reveals the fragility of this homogenizing we-image which masks a variety of internal tensions and conflicts. By applying methods and concepts from biographical research and figurational sociology, the articles in this volume offer an analysis of the Middle East conflict that goes beyond the polar opposition between “Israelis” and “Palestinians”. On the basis of case studies from five urban regions in Palestine and Israel (Bethlehem, Ramallah, East Jerusalem, Haifa and Jaffa), the authors explore the importance of belonging, collective self-images and different forms of social differentiation within Palestinian communities. For each region this is bound up with an analysis of the relevant social and socio-political contexts, and family and life histories. The analysis of (locally) different figurations means focusing on the perspective of Palestinians as members of different religious, socio-economic, political or generational groupings and local group constellations – for instance between Christians and Muslims or between long-time residents and refugees. The following scholars have contributed to this volume: Ahmed Albaba, Johannes Becker, Hendrik Hinrichsen, Gabriele Rosenthal, Nicole Witte, Arne Worm and Rixta Wundrak. Gabriele Rosenthal is a sociologist and professor of Qualitative Methodology at the Center of Methods in Social Sciences, University of Göttingen. Her major research focus is the intergenerational impact of collective and familial history on biographical structures and actional patterns of individuals and family systems. Her current research deals with ethnicity, ethno-political conflicts and the social construction of borders. She is the author and editor of numerous books, including The Holocaust in Three Generations (2009), Interpretative Sozialforschung (2011) and, together with Artur Bogner, Ethnicity, Belonging and Biography (2009).

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases: An Introductory Guide

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ISBN: 9783319282978 9783319282985 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28298-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-30 17:33:03
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This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places.Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places.Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW.

Theater im Gespräch. Sprachliche Publikumspraktiken in der Theaterpause

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ISBN: 9783110527094 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.1515/9783110527094 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Performing Arts --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:34
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Conversation during theater intermissions is informed by an idealized notion of an audience which communicates with rhetorical aplomb about aesthetic and sociopolitical issues. By contrast, critics suggest that such conversations serve primarily to emphasize social distinction and are banal in content. The study examines intermission talk, which stands at the intersection between art communication, recreation, conviviality, and informal learning.

Assessment Methodologies: energy, mobility and other real world application

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892610382 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1039-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-03 18:12:02
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The use of assessment methodologies is becoming increasingly important in the decision making process under very different environments. There are increasing concerns about making the best possible use of the limited available resources. There is also an increasing will of justifying the decisions in a sound way. This is even more important when considering public spending, public scrutiny and governance accountability. The use of recognized assessment techniques is actually mandatory in many situations, considering environmental, social, economic and sustainability concerns. This book gathers contributions from several authors, advancing the state-of-the-art and presenting examples of applications of assessment methodologies in energy, mobility and other real world applications.

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