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Current Topics in Anesthesiology

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ISBN: 9789535129172 9789535129189 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.5772/63140 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Anesthesiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Throughout the history of thousands of years of medicine, it felt a great need to anesthesia for surgical operations, and only in 1846, Morton's introduction of ether anesthesia began scientific anesthesiology. Today, as technological developments and knowledge have increased, the practices of anesthesiology are becoming increasingly sophisticated. In this book, current drugs and applications for anesthesiology as well as new developments for the use of ultrasonography are presented.

Tracheal Intubation

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ISBN: 9781789234886 9781789234893 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70975 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Anesthesiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Endotracheal intubation is a mandatory practice in the anesthesiologic management of surgical procedures, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, life-saving procedures in the emergency department, and medical procedures, and it involves many medical issues such as anesthesiology, surgery, and pulmonary diseases. This book deals with the basic principles of hypoxia and oxygenation in terms of functional airway anatomy and intubation requirements as well as difficult airway algorithms.

Anesthesia Topics for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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ISBN: 9781789854572 9781789854589 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68700 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Anesthesiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Plastic and reconstructive surgery has evolved over the last two decades, with advances in anesthesiology, pharmacology, perioperative medicine, and novel monitoring devices contributing significantly to these patients being able to recover and live safely. Patients with chronic pathologies such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congenital or trauma injuries, changes due to excessive weight loss and others, as well as patient-tourists who have traveled enormous distances are now able to receive cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries that in the past were rejected. The authors of this book also discuss various contemporary topics of anesthesia for plastic and reconstructive surgery that are especially interesting and controversial due to the latest developments on this subject.

Less and Non-invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring Techniques

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456857 Year: Pages: 66 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-685-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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In the perioperative setting and in intensive care medicine, early and effective hemodynamic management including fluid therapy and administration of vasoactive drugs to maintain vital organ perfusion and oxygen delivery is mandatory. Understanding the different approaches in the management of critically ill patients during the resuscitation and further management is essential to initiate adequate context- and time-specific interventions. Optimization of hemodynamic variables to achieve a balance between organ oxygen delivery and consumption is a cornerstone. In general, cardiac output (i.e., the blood flow) is considered a major determinant of oxygen supply and thus its monitoring is regarded helpful. However, indicators of oxygen requirements are equally necessary to assess adequacy of oxygen supply. Currently, more and more less or even totally non-invasive monitoring systems have been developed and clinically introduced, but they require validation in particular clinical settings. Cardiac output monitors and surrogates of organ oxygenation only enable to adequately guide management, as patient’s outcome is determined by acquisition and interpretation of accurate measurements, and finally, suitable management decisions.This Research Topic focuses on the currently available techniques, especially the less and non-invasive ones, in the field of hemodynamic monitoring in the perioperative setting and in critically ill patients while summarizing their advantages and limitations.

Sepsis Management in Resource-limited Settings

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ISBN: 9783030031435 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03143-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. It constitutes a unique source of knowledge and guidance for all healthcare workers who care for patients with sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings. More than eighty percent of the worldwide deaths related to sepsis occur in resource-limited settings in low and middle-income countries. Current international sepsis guidelines cannot be implemented without adaptations towards these settings, mainly because of the difference in local resources and a different spectrum of infectious diseases causing sepsis. This prompted members of the Global Intensive Care working group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) and the Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit (MORU, Bangkok, Thailand) - among which the Editors – to develop with an international group of experts a comprehensive set of recommendations for the management of sepsis in resource-limited settings. Recommendations are based on both current scientific evidence and clinical experience of clinicians working in resource-limited settings. The book includes an overview chapter outlining the current challenges and future directions of sepsis management as well as general recommendations on the structure and organization of intensive care services in resource-limited settings. Specific recommendations on the recognition and management of patients with sepsis and septic shock in these settings are grouped into seven chapters. The book provides evidence-based practical guidance for doctors in low and middle income countries treating patients with sepsis, and highlights areas for further research and discussion.

Orthogeriatrics

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Book Series: Practical Issues in Geriatrics ISBN: 9783030481261 Year: Pages: 357 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-48126-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:06:03
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This new open access edition supported by the Fragility Fracture Network aims at giving the widest possible dissemination on fragility fracture (especially hip fracture) management and notably in countries where this expertise is sorely needed. It has been extensively revised and updated by the experts of this network to provide a unique and reliable content in one single volume. Throughout the book, attention is given to the difficult question of how to provide best practice in countries where the discipline of geriatric medicine is not well established and resources for secondary prevention are scarce. The revised and updated chapters on the epidemiology of hip fractures, osteoporosis, sarcopenia, surgery, anaesthesia, medical management of frailty, peri-operative complications, rehabilitation and nursing are supplemented by six new chapters. These include an overview of the multidisciplinary approach to fragility fractures and new contributions on pre-hospital care, treatment in the emergency room, falls prevention, nutrition and systems for audit. The reader will have an exhaustive overview and will gain essential, practical knowledge on how best to manage fractures in elderly patients and how to develop clinical systems that do so reliably.

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