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Recent Investigations of Ergot Alkaloids Incorporated into Plant and/or Animal Systems

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195510 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-551-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Biology --- Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Ergot alkaloids produced by fungi have a basic chemical structure but different chemical moieties at substituent sites result in various forms of alkaloids that are distinguishable from one another. Since the ergoline ring structure found in ergot alkaloids is similar to that of biogenic amines (neurotransmitters), a variety of physiological effects can result after ingestion. Research involving ergot alkaloids is an increasing important global issue as more governments pass laws that limit permissible levels of ergot alkaloids in both foodstuffs and feedstuffs. Regardless of whether these compounds are found directly in foodstuffs or in feed/plants given to forage animals (i.e., cattle, horses, sheep, and goats), introduction of these compounds can complicate the food supply. In addition, toxicosis resulting from alkaloids can be a costly hindrance, with mounting annual production losses associated with forage-animal production systems that impact other agricultural and food based industries. Recent advances for the analysis of these compounds in different matrices as well as the understanding the role these compounds play in distinct biological pathways have begun to help address the issue.This Research Topic has developed a novel platform where different groups share recent data in their investigations with ergot alkaloids. The presented collection of articles emphasizes the complexity of this issue and the multiple approaches necessary to resolve the global ergot alkaloid challenges.

Probiotic in Animals

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ISBN: 9789535107774 9789535142744 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.5772/3319 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Over the last few decades the prevalence of studies about probiotics strains has dramatically grown in most regions of the world. The use of probiotics strains in animals production may reduce several problems caused by antibiotics therapy, growth promoter and problems from inadequate management. Probiotics are specific strains of microorganisms, which when served to human or animals in proper amount, have a beneficial effect, improving health or reducing risk of get sick. This book provides the maximum of information for all that need them trying with this to help many people at worldwide.

Emerging Infectious Diseases in Water Buffalo - An Economic and Public Health Concern

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ISBN: 9789535138310 9789535138327 9789535140986 Year: Pages: 62 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73136 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Water buffalo is of great significance for the livestock industry worldwide because of its food value and agricultural importance. Thanks to its adaptability to tropical climate, innovative breeding and animal husbandry, its role in the industry has increased over time. However, vast economic losses have also been experienced in this sector due to infectious diseases that primarily affect the reproduction of water buffaloes. This book provides current information on emerging infectious diseases in water buffalo - bacterial (leptospirosis, brucellosis, and bovine tuberculosis), viral (bovine ephemeral fever, rotaviral infection, and bovine viral diarrhea), protozoal (trypanosomiasis, neosporosis, and cryptosporidiosis), fungal (Deg Nala disease), and endoparasitic pathogen infections (fasciolosis and schistosomiasis) - including their manifestations, mode of transfer, diagnostic protocols, eradication process, and control measures applied. Therefore, this book should contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms of these diseases, as well as how to control and manage these kinds of infections. Furthermore, the book contains data regarding the huge impact of these infections and how vastly they have affected the sector's economic performance.

Ruminants - The Husbandry, Economic and Health Aspects

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ISBN: 9781789230482 9781789230499 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68639 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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It is very essential to understand the recent advances in ruminant science to recognize and control diseases and disorders in these animals. Our book, Ruminants - The Husbandry, Economic and Health Aspects, provides a concise introductory chapter and details about the main aspects of ruminants' science and production. This is the first edition of the book, so it covers the introductory level of topics, which are written specifically for veterinary students, classroom use, and practitioners who require more knowledge of dairy animal health and production. The book covers an introductory chapter and sections on husbandry and economics as well as animal health. Each book section comprises chapters from renowned experts from the area and gives readers a unique opportunity to explore the topic.

Goat Science

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ISBN: 9781789232028 9781789232035 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.5772/66562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Goat science covers quite a wide range and varieties of topics, from genetics and breeding, via nutrition, production systems, reproduction, milk and meat production, animal health and parasitism, etc., up to the effects of goat products on human health. In this book, several parts of them are presented within 18 different chapters. Molecular genetics and genetic improvement of goats are the new approaches of goat development. Several factors affect the passage rate of digesta in goats, but for diet properties, goats are similar to other ruminants. Iodine deficiency in goats could be dangerous. Assisted reproduction techniques have similar importance in goats like in other ruminants. Milk and meat production traits of goats are almost equally important and have significant positive impacts on human health. Many factors affect the health of goats, heat stress being of increasing importance. Production systems could modify all of the abovementioned characteristics of goats.

Animal Husbandry and Nutrition

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789234206 9781789234213 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69938 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book focuses on the animal husbandry and nutrition based on significant evaluations by the authors of the chapters. Many chapters contain general overviews on animal husbandry and nutrition from different countries. Also, the sections created shed light on futuristic overlook with improvements for animal husbandry and feeding sector. Details about rearing and feeding different animal races are also covered herein. It is hoped that this book will serve as a source of knowledge and information on animal husbandry and nutrition sector.

Bovine Science - A Key to Sustainable Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789856057 9781789856064 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73743 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Since the beginning of civilization, humans and animals have developed very strong associations to their mutual benefits. Livestock, particularly bovines, are important contributors to total food production in the world. The social expectations in Science and Technology are increasing because of rapid advances. Prevention and control of infectious diseases in bovines have been among the top-most public health objective in the last decade. In the present book, experts from different continents present important aspects of bovine science such as louse infestations of ruminants, cytogenetics of bovines, factors of competitiveness for bovines, feed manipulation, enhancement of conjugated linoleic acid and its bioavailability, emergence of antimicrobial resistance, and also meat quality. The aim of this book to provide an understanding of the present scenario, advances and challenges in bovine science.

European Local Pig Breeds - Diversity and Performance. A study of project TREASURE

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789854077 9781789854084 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.83749 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:15

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Local or autochthonous pig breeds represent a pool of genetic diversity of porcine species and a link with old-style traditional production systems and traditional pork products. These breeds were largely abandoned because they were not competitive in the concept of modern, industrial type of pig production. Despite an increased interest for local pig breeds in the past years, they remain largely untapped and the knowledge about their characteristics is limited, which was a challenge undertook in the project TREASURE in the frame of multicriteria evaluation of local pig breeds. The book represents a valuable compendium of data on census, breeding organisations, production systems, and performances with ambition to present their contemporary (preserved) phenotype.

This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 634476 for project with acronym TREASURE. The content of this book reflects only the authors' view and the European Union Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

Antibiotic Use in Animals

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ISBN: 9789535137504 9789535137511 9789535140535 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68438 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The book Antibiotic Use in Animals has everything said in the title, but it is not only meant for the veterinarians. It is intended to be used also by the medical doctors, animal owners, consumers of food of animal origin, etc. The book has five sections: ""Introduction,"" ""Use of Antibiotics in Animals,"" ""Antibiotics and Nutrition,"" ""Probiotics,"" and ""Antimicrobial Resistance."" Each of the sections discusses about one side of the antibiotic usage. Each group of authors has dedicated their work to one of the topics with key roles of antibiotics in the health of animals and public health in general. This book is a work of scientists and researchers in the topic of antibiotic use, and with this book, we hope to open new questions and deepen the research on roles of antibiotics in everyday life.

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