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Controlled Natural Language – Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop, CNL 2018, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland, August 27-28, 2018

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Book Series: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications ISSN: 0922-6389 1879-8314 ISBN: 9781614999034 9781614999041 Year: Volume: 304 Pages: 116 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-08 14:22:38
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Controlled natural languages (CNLs) are based on natural language and apply restrictions on vocabulary, grammar, and/or semantics. They fall broadly into 3 groups. Some are designed to improve communication for non-native speakers of the respective natural language; in others, the restrictions are to facilitate the use of computers to analyze texts, for example, to improve computer-aided translation; and a third group of CNLs are designed to enable reliable automated reasoning and formal knowledge representation from seemingly natural texts. This book presents the 11 papers, selected from 14 submitted, and delivered at the sixth in the series of workshops on Controlled Natural Language, (CNL 2018), held in Maynooth, Ireland, in August 2018. The papers cover a full spectrum of controlled natural languages, ranging from human oriented to machine-processable controlled languages and from more theoretical results to interfaces, reasoning engines, and the real-life application of CNLs. The book will be of interest to all those working with controlled natural language, whatever their approach.

How mobile robots can self-organise a vocabulary

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234005 9783946234012 Year: Pages: 270 + xi DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603358 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:13
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One of the hardest problems in science is the symbol grounding problem, a question that has intrigued philosophers and linguists for more than a century. With the rise of artificial intelligence, the question has become very actual, especially within the field of robotics. The problem is that an agent, be it a robot or a human, perceives the world in analogue signals. Yet humans have the ability to categorise the world in symbols that they, for instance, may use for language. This book presents a series of experiments in which two robots try to solve the symbol grounding problem. The experiments are based on the language game paradigm, and involve real mobile robots that are able to develop a grounded lexicon about the objects that they can detect in their world. Crucially, neither the lexicon nor the ontology of the robots has been preprogrammed, so the experiments demonstrate how a population of embodied language users can develop their own vocabularies from scratch.

Language strategies for the domain of colour

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234173 9783944675442 Year: Pages: 220 + xvii DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603341 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:06
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This book presents a major leap forward in the understanding of colour by showing how richer descriptions of colour samples can be operationalized in agent-based models. Four different language strategies are explored: the basic colour strategy, the graded membership strategy, the category combination strategy and the basic modification strategy. These strategies are firmly rooted in empirical observations in natural languages, with a focus on compositionality at both the syntactic and semantic level. Through a series of in-depth experiments, this book discerns the impact of the environment, language and embodiment on the formation of basic colour systems. Finally, the experiments demonstrate how language users can invent their own language strategies of increasing complexity by combining primitive cognitive operators, and how these strategies can be aligned between language users through linguistic interactions.

Alleys of Your Mind: Augmented Intelligence and Its Traumas

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ISBN: 9783957960658 9783957960665 Year: DOI: 10.14619/014 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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What does thinking mean in the age of Artificial Intelligence? How is big-scale computation transforming the way our brains function? This collection discusses these pressing questions by looking beyond instrumental rationality. Exploring recent developments as well as examples from the history of cybernetics, the book uncovers the positive role played by errors and traumas in the construction of our contemporary technological minds. With texts by Benjamin Bratton, Orit Halpern, Adrian Lahoud, Jon Lindblom, Catherine Malabou, Reza Negarestani, Luciana Parisi, Matteo Pasquinelli, Ana Teixeira Pinto, Michael Wheeler, Charles Wolfe, and Ben Woodard.

Pattern Discrimination

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Book Series: In Search of Media ISBN: 9783957961457 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.14619/1457 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 17:02:26
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Algorithmic identity politics reinstate old forms of social segregation—in a digital world, identity politics is pattern discrimination. It is by recognizing patterns in input data that Artificial Intelligence algorithms create bias and practice racial exclusions thereby inscribing power relations into media. How can we filter information out of data without reinserting racist, sexist, and classist beliefs?

Essential Speech and Language Technology for Dutch: Results by the STEVIN-programme

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Book Series: Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing ISSN: 2192032X ISBN: 9783642309090 9783642309106 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-30910-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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The book provides an overview of more than a decade of joint R&D efforts in the Low Countries on HLT for Dutch. It not only presents the state of the art of HLT for Dutch in the areas covered, but, even more importantly, a description of the resources (data and tools) for Dutch that have been created are now available for both academia and industry worldwide.The contributions cover many areas of human language technology (for Dutch): corpus collection (including IPR issues) and building (in particular one corpus aiming at a collection of 500M word tokens), lexicology, anaphora resolution, a semantic network, parsing technology, speech recognition, machine translation, text (summaries) generation, web mining, information extraction, and text to speech to name the most important ones.The book also shows how a medium-sized language community (spanning two territories) can create a digital language infrastructure (resources, tools, etc.) as a basis for subsequent R&D. At the same time, it bundles contributions of almost all the HLT research groups in Flanders and the Netherlands, hence offers a view of their recent research activities.Targeted readers are mainly researchers in human language technology, in particular those focusing on Dutch. It concerns researchers active in larger networks such as the CLARIN, META-NET, FLaReNet and participating in conferences such as ACL, EACL, NAACL, COLING, RANLP, CICling, LREC, CLIN and DIR ( both in the Low Countries), InterSpeech, ASRU, ICASSP, ISCA, EUSIPCO, CLEF, TREC, etc. In addition, some chapters are interesting for human language technology policy makers and even for science policy makers in general.

Robotics: Hephaestus does it again

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ISBN: 9782722601864 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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It was when I was preparing this lecture that I discovered that roboticists had a god: Hephaestus. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was a talented craftsman. Enamoured with Athena, he attempted to woo her, in vain. The goddess of knowledge withstood the advances of the god of doing. Robotics stems from this tension. Although the myth contradicts a current tendency to confuse science and technology, it nevertheless reflects my experience with innovation. C’est en préparant cette leçon que j’ai ...

Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data.&#xD;&#xD;This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."&#xD;

Multi-Agent Systems - Control Spectrum

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ISBN: 9781789857511 9781789857528 Year: Pages: 90 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75286 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book integrates the practices of enthusiastic investigators in the field of MAS-based approaches, elaboration, and implementation. The content of the book identifies the most complicated tasks and their possible solutions while implementing MAS instrumentation into engineering practice. The proposed focus on the control problems involves a wide range of adjacent problems described in the chapters of the book. Material presented in the book aim to provide the basic knowledge for further MAS-systems study and control design to reach the goals and needs coming from engineering practice under often contradictory existing requirements.

Applications of Mobile Robots

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Book Series: Mobile Robotics ISSN: 26325195 ISBN: 9781789857559 9781789857566 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74181 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book includes a selection of research work in the mobile robotics area, where several interesting topics are presented. In this way we find a review of multi-agents, different techniques applied to the navigation systems, artificial intelligence algorithms, which include deep learning applications, systems where a Kalman filter estimator is extended for visual odometry, and finally the design of an on-chip system for the execution of cognitive agents. Additionally, the development of different ideas in mobile robot applications are included and hopefully will be useful and enriching for readers.

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