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Actinobacteria - Basics and Biotechnological Applications

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ISBN: 9789535122487 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.5772/60457 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.

Frontiers in Staphylococcus aureus

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535129813 9789535129820 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.5772/63039 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Staphylococcus was first recognized as a human pathogen in 1880 and was named for its grape cluster-like appearance. In 1884, Staphylococcus aureus was identified and named for its vibrant golden color, which was later found to be the result of golden toxin production. Here, experts examine in-depth patterns of S. aureus colonization and exposures in humans, mammals, and birds that have led to the development of various clinical diseases. The mode of transmission of S. aureus and different methods for its detection in different samples are defined. Conventional antibiotic options to treat this aggressive, multifaceted, and readily adaptable pathogen are becoming limited. Alternative, novel chemotherapeutics to target S. aureus are discussed in the pages within, including herbal medicines, bee products, and modes of delivery.

Antibacterial Agents

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ISBN: 9789535131991 9789535132004 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.5772/65630 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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New drugs are frequently entering into the market along with the existing drugs. The antibacterial agents can be discussed in five major classes, i.e. classification based on the type of action, source, spectrum of activity, chemical structure and function. Resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is an urgent problem of the humanity, which leads us to the lack of therapy for serious bacterial infections. Development of new antibiotics has almost ceased in the last decades - even when a new antibiotic is launched, very soon the resistance of bacteria appears. Industrial textiles exposed as awnings, screens, tents; upholstery used in large public areas such as hospitals, hotels and stations; fabrics for transports; protective clothing and personal protective equipment; bed sheets and blankets; textiles left wet between processing steps; intimate apparel, underwear, socks and sportswear, disinfection of air and water for white rooms, hospitals and operating theatres, food and pharma industries, water depuration, drinkable water supplying and air conditioning systems. Many clinicians recommend alternative approaches to using antimicrobial substances. Moreover, the majority of bioagents demonstrate on antibiotics for treatment of a wide range of diseases in human sectors. However, the misuse and mishandling of drugs lead to microbial, particularly bacterial, resistance as well as result in the difficulty of treating microbial diseases. Hence, the proposed book will give more precise information on novel antibacterial compound(s).

Clostridium Difficile - A Comprehensive Overview

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ISBN: 9789535134275 9789535134282 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/65578 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Clostridium difficile bacteria could be found everywhere around us: in the air, water, and soil and in the feces of humans and animals. You can easily become infected with C. difficile if you touch contaminated clothing, sheets, or other objects and then touch your mouth. Many people have the bacteria in their intestines and never have any symptoms. Still, it can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. The chance of developing a C. difficile infection increases with the usage of high doses of antibiotics over a prolonged period; thus, it is most often spread in the healthcare facilities between workers, patients, and residents. Each year in the United States, almost a half million people get sick from C. difficile, and approximately 29,000 patients died within 30 days of its initial diagnosis. Nowadays, C. difficile infections have become more frequent, severe, and difficult to treat. Therefore, the early diagnosis and the suitable treatment have become a real demand. In this book, we present the experience of worldwide specialists on the diagnosis and the treatment of C. difficile infections along with its lights and shadows.

Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antibacterial Control

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ISBN: 9781789231601 9781789231618 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68288 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Bacterial pathogens have been becoming the main problem in hospital and community-acquired infections. It is hard to treat the strains that are resistant to antibiotics, due to the causing recurrent and untreatable infections. In recent years, the combination treatments and the novel technologies have been preferred to overcome the emergence of antibacterial resistance of pathogens. In this book, examples of pathogenesis by clinical cases, control by antibiotics and bioactive antimicrobials, control by novel technologies with the collection of up-to-date researches and reviews are presented. This book can be useful for researchers interested in antibacterials, bioactive compounds, and novel technologies.

Probiotics - Current Knowledge and Future Prospects

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ISBN: 9781789233865 9781789233872 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70253 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Probiotic has been used for centuries especially in fermented dairy products since Metchnikoff associated the intake of fermented milk with prolonged life. Probiotics confer many health benefits to humans, animals, and plants when administered in proper amounts. These benefits include the prevention of gastrointestinal infections and antibiotic-associated diarrhea, the reduction of serum cholesterol and allergenic and atopic complaints, and the protection of the immune system. Furthermore, the proper usage of probiotics could suppress Helicobacter pylori infection and Crohn's disease, improve inflammatory bowel disease, and prevent cancer. In this book, we present specialists with experience in the field of probiotics exploring their current knowledge and their future prospects.

Salmonella - A Re-emerging Pathogen

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ISBN: 9781789234442 9781789234459 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69799 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book deals with the microorganism Salmonella. This bacterium is well known for a long time, being involved in systemic (typhus and paratyphus infections) and nonsystemic diseases such as food poisoning. Major and minor Salmonellae are widespread worldwide in developing countries and industrialized areas, respectively. In 2015, about 3576 Salmonella strains have been isolated from human infections in Italy. S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis are the most prevalent serotypes and represent 80% of cases of infections over the last 10 years. The antibiotic susceptibility decrease over the last decades is a big issue in the management of this bacterium, once considered easy to treat. The use of antibiotic combinations in order to overcome the microorganism resistance should be hoped.

Cyanobacteria

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ISBN: 9781789237047 9781789237054 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72519 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic microorganisms that inhabit almost all geographic locations, including oceans, caves, ponds, lakes, soil, snow, and hot springs. Their acumen to survive and succeed in a plethora of ambiance is due to their extraordinary metabolism and adaptations. Their wide applications include therapeutics, cosmeceuticals, wastewater remediation, biofuels, antioxidative enzymes, agriculture, and so on. This book highlights the important aspects pertinent to the fascinating world of cyanobacteria covering diverse topics such as electron microscopic dimension, cultivation, stress, and adaptations. This book provides insights into the world of tiny microbial factories and unravels the potentials for their futuristic innovative applications as precursors of drug molecules, eco-friendly renewable energy sources, remediation, and reservoirs of diverse value-added products for a better and brighter tomorrow.

Basic Biology and Applications of Actinobacteria

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ISBN: 9781789846140 9781789846157 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72033 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Actinobacteria have an extensive bioactive secondary metabolism and produce a huge amount of naturally derived antibiotics, as well as many anticancer, anthelmintic, and antifungal compounds. These bacteria are of major importance for biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture. In this book, we present the experience of worldwide specialists in the field of Actinobacteria, exploring their current knowledge and future prospects.

Staphylococcus Aureus

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789845921 9781789845938 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71376 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Staphylococcus aureus strains are an important medical infectious agent that causes a wide range of pathogeneses starting from colonization of the skin and mucosal surface to severe pathogenic effects such as septicemia. The mortality and morbidity from this pathogen are challenging issues for the healthcare premises. Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MRSA) are causing severe infections due to the genes that are resistant to several antibiotics including methicillin, aminoglycosides, and others. Recently, there have been several reports related to failure of treatment plans caused by MRSA that led to Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus strains (VISA) or, in sporadic cases, resistance to the drug of choice. This book highlights the new areas for the treatment of MRSA using natural products. The implementation of specific products produced by this organism can help the scientist to obtain a new window for treatments such as anticancer chemotherapy, antioxidants, etc.

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