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The formation of Croatian national identity: A centuries-old dream?

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ISBN: 9780719065026 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This volume assesses the formation of Croatian national identity in the 1990s. It develops a novel framework calling into question both primordial and modernist approaches to nationalism and national identity before applying that framework to Croatia. In doing so it provides a new way of thinking about how national identity is formed and why it is so important. An explanation is given of how Croatian national identity was formed in the abstract, via a historical narrative that traces centuries of yearning for a national state. The book shows how the government, opposition parties, dissident intellectuals and diaspora groups offered alternative accounts of this narrative in order to legitimise contemporary political programmes based on different visions of national identity. It then looks at how these debates were manifested in social activities as diverse as football and religion, economics and language. This volume marks an important contribution to both the way we study nationalism and national identity, and our understanding of post-Yugoslav politics and society.

Keywords

nationalism --- croatia --- balkans

The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of a post-Cold War European security

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781526137784 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book looks at the legacy of the 1998-99 Kosovo crisis for European security affairs. It examines the debates about the nature and justification of intervention in the affairs of sovereign states. It also considers the impact of the crisis on NATO and on relations between western states and Russia both during and since Kosovo. Well-known 'facts' are critically assessed and challenged. The authors argue, for example, that the NATO attacks on Serbia were not a 'war', nor did the crisis directly lead to moves to endow the European Union with its own military dimension. The authors also look at key issues and debates that have, so far, often been neglected. They consider the difficulties of entrenching 'western' norms and values in areas where ethnic conceptions of national identity are dominant. They also place the Kosovo crisis in the context of the long-term evolution of a transatlantic 'community of values' between Europe and North America.

Keywords

nato --- security --- kosovo --- balkans

Mapping European security after Kosovo

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719062407 Year: DOI: 10.9760/mupoa/9780719062407 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book provides new and stimulating perspectives on how Kosovo has shaped the new Europe. It breaks down traditional assumptions in the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on recent events in Kosovo. The contributors challenge the epistemological definition of the Kosovo conflict, arguing that we should not only be concerned with the 'Kosovo out there', but also with the debate about what counts as security and how our definition of security is shaped by various power and knowledge interests in Kosovo. They have adopted an innovative critical approach, both re-essentialising and deconstructing orthodox assumptions about the nature of European and global security. This book is perfect for final year undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in the field of security studies and international politics.

Keywords

nato --- security --- kosovo --- balkans

History of Yugoslavia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Central European Studies ISBN: 9781557538383 9781557538499 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102989
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Why did Yugoslavia fall apart? Was its violent demise inevitable? Did its population simply fall victim to the lure of nationalism? How did this multinational state survive for so long, and where do we situate the short life of Yugoslavia in the long history of Europe in the twentieth century? The Complete History of Yugoslavia by Marie-Janine Calic provides a concise, accessible, comprehensive synthesis of the political, cultural, social, and economic life of Yugoslavia—from its nineteenth-century South Slavic origins to the bloody demise of the multinational state of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.

Keywords

History --- Yugoslavia --- Balkans

Byzance et ses périphéries (Mondes grec, balkanique et musulman) : Hommage à Alain Ducellier

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782810709915 DOI: 10.4000/books.pumi.25936 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Midi
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:33
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Alain Ducellier, né à Paris en 1934 a fait ses études aux lycées Jacques-Decour et Henri IV puis a soutenu en Sorbonne, dès 1957, un D.E.S. d’Histoire byzantine sous la direction de Rodolphe Guilland. Agrégé d’Histoire en 1959, il a entrepris, sous la direction de Paul Lemerle, une thèse d’Etat consacrée à La Façade maritime de l’Albanie au Moyen Âge. Durazzo et Valona du xe au xve siècle, soutenue en Sorbonne en 1971. Professeur au lycée de Reims puis à Janson de Sailly à Paris, il devient assistant à la faculté de Tunis de 1963 à 1967, puis maître-assistant à l’université de Toulouse où il est ensuite élu maître de conférences en 1971 et professeur en 1973. De 1981 à 1985 il est membre du jury de l’agrégation d’histoire. Membre du L.A. 186, Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance (Paris, Collège de France) et du laboratoire Diasporas (Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail). Cette carrière a déterminé la nature et l’évolution de son enseignement comme celle de ses recherches : l’assise majeure a toujours été l’histoire de l’Empire byzantin, dont il a souvent privilégié les périphéries, comme en témoignent ses nombreux travaux relatifs à l’Albanie médiévale et aux Balkans en général, mais aussi les relations avec l’environnement musulman auquel il a longtemps consacré une partie de son enseignement à Tunis puis à Toulouse.

Keywords

histoire --- Byzance --- Islam --- Balkans

Fonction des contenants et des outils en céramique : Les premières productions de Bulgarie (vie millénaire av. J.-C.)

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ISBN: 9782271130389 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionscnrs.24349 Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Dans les Balkans, l'apparition de la céramique remonte à l'extrême fin du viie millénaire av. J.-C. Elle est étroitement liée à la diffusion d'un nouveau modèle économique fondé sur l'agriculture et l'élevage : le Néolithique. Les raisons de l'adoption de la poterie par les premières communautés agro-pastorales restent encore discutées. Pourquoi les groupes humains ont-ils inventé la poterie ? À quoi ont réellement servi les premiers récipients en terre cuite ? Une fois les vases brisés, certains tessons ont été recyclés en outils. Pourquoi les populations néolithiques ont-elles réutilisé des fragments de poterie ? Quelle était la fonction de cet outillage atypique ? L'habitat néolithique de Kovačevo (6100-5600 av. J.-C, Bulgarie), étudié par une équipe franco-bulgare depuis 1986, a livré un assemblage céramique de 1 600 000 tessons qui se prêtait à une recherche approfondie sur la fonction des productions potières néolithiques. La quantité de vestiges, tout autant que leur bon état de conservation, ont permis l'élaboration d'une méthode d'étude pluridisciplinaire de l'usage des céramiques qui croise les aspects morpho-dimensionnels (forme, taille, volume, épaisseur) et les traces d'utilisation (résidus et usures). La combinaison inédite de ces critères, à l'interface de la typométrie, de la chimie et de la tracéologie, est venue démultiplier les interprétations dans le domaine pauvrement documenté de la fonction des céramiques archéologiques. L'enquête a révélé la diversité insoupçonnée des usages de la poterie et de l'outillage sur tesson au sein de l'habitat de Kovačevo. Elle a, de surcroît, montré l'existence de normes régissant l'utilisation des céramiques qui témoignent d'habitudes alimentaires et techniques partagées par les occupants du site.

Balkan und Naher Osten

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ISBN: 9783205786245 Year: Pages: 474 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437205 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4206
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:39
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The Balkans and the Near East share millennia of a shared history, which stretches from sedentarization in early history to the 20th century. In the Neolithic period, in Mesopotamia and in the Balkans basic techniques and skills were developed on which Europe and the Islamic world could be based later on. Thus, for example, in the centres of "Ancient Europe" - in the middle basin of the Danube River - already in the 5th millennium people experimented with early script systems, long before the first cuneiform texts in Mesopotamia and the hieroglyph texts in ancient Egypt became in use. The "division of labour" between the various scholarly disciplines in the fields of Balkan studies and Near (Middle) East studies resulted in the separation of a shared history into a Southeast European or Balkan history on the one hand and a history of the Near (Middle) East on the other hand. It is therefore the aim of the monograph to unite the separated histories to a joint one. Since this cannot be done by the simple operation of adding up two histories, the volume opens new perspectives. A comparable historiographical piece of work does not yet exist. The geographical space covered by the text extends between Bosnia in the west, the Iraq in the east and the Arabic Peninsula and Egypt in the south. The composition of the material is based on regional and temporal comparison. Specifically, temporal comparison constitutes a great challenge, because approximately 10,000 years are covered. The book is organized by topics and comprises 17 chapters, 455 manuscript pages and approximately 120 graphs and photographs. Conceptualized as an introductory text, the book may also interest a wider public. The style of writing is generally intelligible and addresses for instance the burning contemporary tensions between Islam and Europe. In addition, topics such as history of religion, historical-anthropological, economic, cultural as well as questions of gender relations are addressed on a principal basis.

Women in the Balkans/ Southeastern Europe

Authors: ---
Book Series: Suedosteuropa-Studien ISBN: 9783866886155 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3726/b12068 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:10
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This book is a collection of contributions to a symposium which was organized by the Southeast Europe Association (Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft) on the topic "Women in the Balkans/Southeastern Europe" and held on 3rd and 4th November 2014 in Munich. It reflects on the present situation of women in the Balkans/Southeast Europe which has experienced fundamental changes since the end of the communist/socialist regime and the transition towards a market oriented economy as well as the wars in former Yugoslavia. These fundamental changes and war time experiences have not only implicated disorders in political and social status, but also a backlash in terms of return to patriarchal values as well as to traditional gender relations and hierarchies. A perception of gender roles following traditional patterns and a concept of femininity reducing women to their bodies, open sexism in media, the so called "sex industry" and "women markets" plus the ban of abortion, increased domestic violence and trafficking in women have been combined with neoliberal values, right ideology, neo-patriarchy and the ruling concept of masculinity. On the other hand, women have also used their chance to create their own business, not to forget female subcultures. Women`s participation in decision-making, especially in political parties, and their representation in the public scenery is an important indicator for the degree of their emancipation. Bringing together women engaged on women`s issues in different areas - from the academia, the Non-Governmental Organisations and civil society, and policy makers - is bound to result in a variety of perspectives and views.

Andere Blicke

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ISBN: 9783205789529 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453609 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 69
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:37
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The ‘pictorial turn’ has had significant impact on the human, cultural, religious and social sciences since the middle of the 1990s; theory construction has been primarily oriented towards the western world. This is why one of the primary aims of this volume is the enlargement of theory construction by a different point of view – the Balkan and the Near Eastern one. The central research question of the thesis is that photography opened the door to the visual culture of the West.

Chapter 10. Partners Again? The European Union and the Post-Yugoslav Citizens (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 173-186 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-011 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:01:47
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The final chapter brings to the scene the European Union whose influence in shaping the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes and the lives of their citizens is highly significant. Today the region is divided into the EU members and the potential candidates for membership. When it comes to the EU’s role in influencing, shaping, defining and re-defining the citizenship regimes in the post-Yugoslav region, this chapter shows how diverse the EU’s actions and results are and how often, alongside obvious improvements, they appear problematic, counterproductive or fruitless. The chapter focuses on five major ways whereby the EU itself (mis)manages these citizenship regimes and their citizens: (a) direct intervention and supervision such as in Kosovo, Bosnia and Macedonia; (b) the visa liberalization process in Bosnia, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia; (c) the pre-accession influence in Croatia (until 2013), Serbia and Montenegro; (d) the post-accession influence in EU members Croatia (after 2013) and Slovenia, and, finally, (e) the influence exerted by individual EU Member States (Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria and, after 2013, Croatia) on non-EU post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes. The final chapter in the story of one hundred years of citizenship in and after Yugoslavia brings to the scene another powerful player whose influence in shaping the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes and influencing the lives of their citizens is far from insignificant. The EU has been the most powerful political and economic agent in this region that has effectively divided it into the EU members and the potential candidates for membership. The former Yugoslav space overlaps with the so-called Western Balkans, a changing geopolitical construct forged in Brussels, composed of those former Yugoslav republics that have not joined the EU so far plus Albania. The ‘Western Balkans’ approach as an umbrella term for the countries outside the EU but completely encircled by the EU, though the Schengen border moves much slower, hides the fact that, regardless of the EU membership, Slovenia is still deeply involved with its southern neighbours and Croatia remains one of the most important actors in the former Yugoslav space. One could say that ‘Yugoslavia’ in this respect has disappeared as a political entity but not as a geopolitical space. The EU does not only directly influence its members (Slovenia and Croatia), supervises the Western Balkan candidates – ‘negotiations’ being a euphemism for a one-way communication amounting to the huge translation operation of the acquis communautaire – but it actually maintains there two semi-protectorates (Bosnia and Kosovo). It has developed varied approaches: bilaterally negotiating membership (Croatia before 2013, Serbia, Montenegro and Albania), punishing and rewarding (Serbia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Albania), managing (Bosnia), governing (Kosovo) and, finally, ignoring (Macedonia blocked in the name dispute with Greece). The EU in the Balkans is therefore not only a club that tests its candidates. It is an active player in transforming them, politically, socially and economically. David Chandler concludes that ‘the EU’s discourse of governance enables it to exercise a regulatory power over the 174candidate member states of Southeastern Europe while evading any reflection on the EU’s own management processes, which are depoliticized in the framing of the technocratic or administrative conditions of enlargement’ (2010: 69). If the EU basically builds future or potential member states, then we have to ask how the EU manages both citizenship regimes of the post-Yugoslav states and their citizens.

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