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Measurement Invariance

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196500 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-650-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Abstract

Multi-item surveys are frequently used to study scores on latent factors, like human values, attitudes and behavior. Such studies often include a comparison, between specific groups of individuals, either at one or multiple points in time. If such latent factor means are to be meaningfully compared, the measurement structures including the latent factor and their survey items should be stable across groups and/or over time, that is ‘invariant’. Recent developments in statistics have provided new analytical tools for assessing measurement invariance (MI). The aim of this special issue is to provide a forum for a discussion of MI, covering some crucial ‘themes’: (1) ways to assess and deal with measurement non-invariance; (2) Bayesian and IRT methods employing the concept of approximate measurement invariance; and (3) new or adjusted approaches for testing MI to fit increasingly complex statistical models and specific characteristics of survey data. The special issue started with a kick-off meeting where all potential contributors shared ideas on potential papers. This expert workshop was organized at Utrecht University in The Netherlands and was funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-VENI-451-11-008). After the kick-off meeting the authors submitted their papers, all of which were reviewed by experts in the field. The papers in the eBook are listed in alphabetical order, but in the editorial the papers are introduced thematically. Although it is impossible to cover all areas of relevant research in the field of MI, papers in this eBook provide insight on important aspects of measurement invariance. We hope that the discussions included in this special issue will stimulate further research on MI and facilitate further discussions to support the understanding of the role of MI in multi-item surveys.

Google Earth Engine Applications

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ISBN: 9783038978848 9783038978855 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-885-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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In a rapidly changing world, there is an ever-increasing need to monitor the Earth’s resources and manage it sustainably for future generations. Earth observation from satellites is critical to provide information required for informed and timely decision making in this regard. Satellite-based earth observation has advanced rapidly over the last 50 years, and there is a plethora of satellite sensors imaging the Earth at finer spatial and spectral resolutions as well as high temporal resolutions. The amount of data available for any single location on the Earth is now at the petabyte-scale. An ever-increasing capacity and computing power is needed to handle such large datasets. The Google Earth Engine (GEE) is a cloud-based computing platform that was established by Google to support such data processing. This facility allows for the storage, processing and analysis of spatial data using centralized high-power computing resources, allowing scientists, researchers, hobbyists and anyone else interested in such fields to mine this data and understand the changes occurring on the Earth’s surface. This book presents research that applies the Google Earth Engine in mining, storing, retrieving and processing spatial data for a variety of applications that include vegetation monitoring, cropland mapping, ecosystem assessment, and gross primary productivity, among others. Datasets used range from coarse spatial resolution data, such as MODIS, to medium resolution datasets (Worldview -2), and the studies cover the entire globe at varying spatial and temporal scales.

Keywords

Google Earth Engine --- NDVI --- vegetation index --- Landsat --- remote sensing --- phenology --- surface reflectance --- cropland mapping --- cropland areas --- 30-m --- Landsat-8 --- Sentinel-2 --- Random Forest --- Support Vector Machines --- segmentation --- RHSeg --- Google Earth Engine --- Africa --- remote sensing --- semi-arid --- ecosystem assessment --- land use change --- image classification --- seasonal vegetation --- carbon cycle --- Google Earth Engine --- crop yield --- gross primary productivity (GPP) --- data fusion --- Landsat --- MODIS --- MODIS --- Random Forest --- pasture mapping --- Brazilian pasturelands dynamics --- Google Earth Engine --- crop classification --- multi-classifier --- cloud computing --- time series --- high spatial resolution --- BACI --- Enhanced Vegetation Index --- Google Earth Engine --- cloud-based geo-processing --- satellite-derived bathymetry --- image composition --- pseudo-invariant features --- sun glint correction --- empirical --- spatial error --- Google Earth Engine --- low cost in situ --- Sentinel-2 --- Mediterranean --- burn severity --- change detection --- Landsat --- dNBR --- RdNBR --- RBR --- composite burn index (CBI) --- MTBS --- lower mekong basin --- landsat collection --- suspended sediment concentration --- online application --- google earth engine --- Landsat --- Google Earth Engine --- protected area --- forest and land use mapping --- machine learning classification --- China --- temporal compositing --- image time series --- multitemporal analysis --- change detection --- cloud masking --- Landsat-8 --- Google Earth Engine (GEE) --- Google Earth Engine --- LAI --- FVC --- FAPAR --- CWC --- plant traits --- random forests --- PROSAIL --- small-scale mining --- industrial mining --- google engine --- image classification --- land-use cover change --- seagrass --- habitat mapping --- image composition --- machine learning --- support vector machines --- Google Earth Engine --- Sentinel-2 --- Aegean --- Ionian --- global scale --- soil moisture --- Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity --- Soil Moisture Active Passive --- Google Earth Engine --- drought --- cloud computing --- remote sensing --- snow hydrology --- water resources --- Google Earth Engine --- user assessment --- MODIS --- snow cover --- flood --- disaster prevention --- emergency response --- decision making --- Google Earth Engine --- land cover --- deforestation --- Brazilian Amazon --- Bayesian statistics --- BULC-U --- Mato Grosso --- spatial resolution --- Landsat --- GlobCover --- SDG --- surface urban heat island --- Geo Big Data --- Google Earth Engine --- global monitoring service --- Google Earth Engine --- web portal --- satellite imagery --- trends --- earth observation --- wetland --- Google Earth Engine --- Sentinel-1 --- Sentinel-2 --- random forest --- cloud computing --- geo-big data --- cloud computing --- big data analytics --- long term monitoring --- data archival --- early warning systems

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