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Società delle tecnologie esponenziali e General Data Protection Regulation : Profili critici nella protezione dei dati

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ISBN: 9788855260053 DOI: 10.4000/books.ledizioni.3937 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Questo volume nasce con l’intento di analizzare, in una prospettiva critica, il Regolamento Generale sulla Protezione dei Dati (RGPD o GDPR nel suo acronimo inglese) che ha novellato l’intera disciplina in Europa sul trattamento dei dati personali. Un regolamento che, secondo alcuni, è già vecchio o che, nella migliore delle ipotesi, pone ulteriori problematiche connesse alle fasi della crescente innovazione tecnologica. Travolti da uno tsunami inarrestabile dei Big Data, il regolamento risponde fissando principi di minimizzazione del trattamento. Ma sarà la scelta giusta? Ed è giusto adottare un regolamento sul trattamento dei dati che non si compenetra perfettamente con altre normative relative alle comunicazioni digitali e al commercio elettronico? Il volume analizza questi aspetti, considerando il panorama tecnologico attuale e ponendo interrogativi in relazione alla difficile applicazione delle norme volte alla tutela dei dati personali.

Keywords

GDPR --- Data Protection --- Big Data

Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811037122 9789811037139 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3713-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:48:14
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The result of a workshop bringing together an international advisory board of experts in science, satellite technologies, industry innovations, and public policy, this book addresses the current and future roles of satellite Earth observations in solving large-scale environmental problems. The book showcases the results of engaging distinct communities to enhance our ability to identify emerging problems and to administer international regimes created to solve them. It also reviews the work of the Policy and Earth Observation Innovation Cycle (PEOIC) project, an effort aimed at assessing the impact of satellite observations on environmental policy and to propose a mission going forward that would launch an “innovation cycle”. The achievements of such a mission would feed back to innovations in next-generation observation technology, thus contributing to global policy demand for policy-relevant information.

Social Theory after the Internet

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ISBN: 9781787351226 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351226 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: European Research Council (ERC) - 2011-AdG-295486
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:02:05
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The internet has fundamentally transformed society in the past 25 years, yet existing theories of mass or interpersonal communication do not work well in understanding a digital world. Nor has this understanding been helped by disciplinary specialization and a continual focus on the latest innovations. Ralph Schroeder takes a longer-term view, synthesizing perspectives and findings from various social science disciplines in four countries: the United States, Sweden, India and China. His comparison highlights, among other observations, that smartphones are in many respects more important than PC-based internet uses. Social Theory after the Internet focuses on everyday uses and effects of the internet, including information seeking and big data, and explains how the internet has gone beyond traditional media in, for example, enabling Donald Trump and Narendra Modi to come to power. Schroeder puts forward a sophisticated theory of the role of the internet, and how both technological and social forces shape its significance. He provides a sweeping and penetrating study, theoretically ambitious and at the same time always empirically grounded.The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of digital media and society, the internet and politics, and the social implications of big data.

Keywords

big data --- globalization --- media --- internet --- technology

Bigger Than You: Big Data and Obesity

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ISBN: 9780692652831 Year: Pages: 70 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0135.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:36
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In her first inquiry toward a decelerationist aesthetics, Katherine Behar explores in this essay chapbook the rise of two “big deal” contemporary phenomena, big data and obesity. In both, scale rearticulates the human as a diffuse informational pattern, causing important shifts in political form as well as aesthetic form. Bigness redraws relationships between the singular and the collective. Understood as informational patterns, collectives can be radically inclusive, even incorporating nonhumans. As a result, the political subject is slowly becoming a new object. This social and informational body belongs to no single individual, but is shared in solidarity with something “bigger than you.” In decelerationist aesthetics, the aesthetic properties, proclivities, and performances of objects come to defy the accelerationist imperative to be nimbly individuated. Decelerationist aesthetics rejects atomistic, liberal, humanist subjects; this unit of self is too consonant with capitalist relations and functions. Instead, decelerationist aesthetics favors transhuman sociality embodied in particulate, mattered objects; the aesthetic form of such objects resists capitalist speed and immediacy by taking back and taking up space and time. In just this way, big data calls into question the conventions by which humans are defined as discrete entities, and individual scales of agency are made to form central binding pillars of social existence through which bodies are drawn into relations of power and pathos

Comprehensive Systems Biomedicine

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193745 Year: Pages: 113 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-374-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
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Systems Biomedicine is a field in perpetual development. By definition a translational discipline, it emphasizes the role of quantitative systems approaches in biomedicine and aims to offer solutions to many emerging problems characterized by levels and types of complexity and uncertainty unmet before. Many factors, including technological and societal ones, need to be considered. In particular, new technologies are providing researchers with the data deluge whose management and exploitation requires a reinvention of cross-disciplinary team efforts. The advent of “omics” and high-content imaging are examples of advances de facto establishing the necessity of systems approaches. Hypothesis-driven models and in silico validation tools in support to all the varieties of experimental applications call for a profound revision. The focus on phases like mining and assimilating the data has substantially increased so to allow for interpretable knowledge to be inferred. Notably, to be able to tackle the newly generated data dimensionality, heterogeneity and complexity, model-free and data-driven intensive applications are increasingly shaping the computational pipelines and architectures that quant specialists set aside of the high-throughput genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics platforms. As for the societal aspects, in many advanced societies health care needs now more than in the past to address the problem of managing ageing populations and their complex morbidity patterns. In parallel, there is a growing research interest on the impact that cross-disciplinary clinical, epidemiological and quantitative modelling studies can have in relation to outcomes potentially affecting the quality of life of many people. Complex systems, including those characterizing biomedicine, are assessed in both their functionality and stability, and also relatively to the capacity of generating information from diversity, variation, and complexity. Due to the combined interactions and effects, such systems embed prediction power available for instance in both target identification or marker discovery, or more generally for conducting inference about patients’ pathological states, i.e. normal versus disease, diagnostic or prognostic analysis, and preventive assessment (e.g., risk evaluation). The ultimate goal, personalized medicine, will be achieved based on the confluence of the system’s predictive power to patient-specific profiling.

Recent Advances and Challenges on Big Data Analysis in Neuroimaging

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451289 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-128-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Big data is revolutionizing our ability to measure and study the human brain. New technology increases the resolution of images that are being study as well as enables researchers to study the brain as it functions. These technological advances are combined with efforts to collect neuroimaging data on large numbers of subjects, in some cases longitudinally. This combination of advances in measurement and scope of studies requires novel development in the statistical analysis. Fast, scalable, robust and accurate models and approaches need to be developed to make headway on these problems. This volume represents a unique collection of researchers providing deep insights on the statistical analysis of big neuroimaging data.

Informatics in the Future: Proceedings of the 11th European Computer Science Summit (ECSS 2015), Vienna, October 2015

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ISBN: 9783319557359 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55735-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 16:43:15
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This volume discusses the prospects and evolution of informatics (or computer science), which has become the operating system of our world, and is today seen as the science of the information society. Its artifacts change the world and its methods have an impact on how we think about and perceive the world. Classical computer science is built on the notion of an “abstract” machine, which can be instantiated by software to any concrete problem-solving machine, changing its behavior in response to external and internal states, allowing for self-reflective and “intelligent” behavior. However, current phenomena such as the Web, cyber physical systems or the Internet of Things show us that we might already have gone beyond this idea, exemplifying a metamorphosis from a stand-alone calculator to the global operating system of our society.

Internet Research Ethics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9788202489519 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.17585/noasp.3.3 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-30 11:02:14
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This anthology addresses ethical challenges that arise within the field of Internet research. Among the issues discussed in the book are the following: When is voluntary informed consent from research subjects required in using the Internet as a data source?&#xD;How may researchers secure the privacy of research subjects in a landscape where the traditional public/private distinction is blurred and re-identification is a recurring threat?&#xD;What are the central ethical and legal aspects of Internet research for individuals, groups, and society?

Consumer Data Research

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781787353886 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353886 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-14 11:01:58
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Big Data collected by customer-facing organisations – such as smartphone logs, store loyalty card transactions, smart travel tickets, social media posts, or smart energy meter readings – account for most of the data collected about citizens today. As a result, they are transforming the practice of social science. Consumer Big Data are distinct from conventional social science data not only in their volume, variety and velocity, but also in terms of their provenance and fitness for ever more research purposes. The contributors to this book, all from the Consumer Data Research Centre, provide a first consolidated statement of the enormous potential of consumer data research in the academic, commercial and government sectors – and a timely appraisal of the ways in which consumer data challenge scientific orthodoxies.

Document sobre bioètica i Big Data de salut: explotació i comercialització de les dades dels usuaris de la sanitat pública

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Col·lecció de Bioètica ISBN: 978844754210 Year: Pages: 76 Language: Catalan, Spanish, English
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-22 13:59:54
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En aquest volum del Grup d’Opinió de l’Observatori de Bioètica i Dret, coordinat per les doctores María Casado, Maria Rosa Llàcer i Lídia Buisan, s’analitzen, des de la perspectiva bioètica, els inconvenients de l’explotació i la comercialització de dades dels usuaris de la sanitat pública arran dels problemes detectats en el projecte VISC+ de la Generalitat de Catalunya, tant en relació amb possibles vulneracions dels drets dels ciutadans com amb la manca de transparència i de debat públic informat en una qüestió de tanta importància com és el tràfic de dades personals. El document posa de manifest que la implementació de les tecnologies Big Data en l’àmbit sanitari, associada a una eventual comercialització d’aquestes dades, impacta directament en el nostre sistema sanitari i investigador i afecta de ple a l’àmbit privat dels ciutadans.

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