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Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN: 1875-1288 ISBN: 9783319224602 9783319224619 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:10:30
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319272863 9783319272887 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27288-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-02 12:58:15
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Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled from the elements which are already present. This book intends to provide practical guidance to broadly-defined biodiversity observation networks at all scales, but predominantly the national scale and higher. This is a practical how-to book with substantial policy relevance. It will mostly be used by technical specialists with a responsibility for biodiversity monitoring to establish and refine their systems. It is written at a technical level, but one that is not discipline-bound: it should be intelligible to anyone in the broad field with a tertiary education.

Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes of Southeastern Brazil

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110480849 9783110480979 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1515/9783110480849 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Ecology --- Botany --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:10:27
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The state of São Paulo, Brazil, is one of the most densely populated and developed areas in South America. Such development is evident both in terms of industrialization and urbanization, as well as in agriculture, which is heavily based on sugar cane, Eucalyptus plantations and livestock. This intense land use has resulted in great alteration of the original land cover and fragmentation of natural ecosystems. For these reasons, it is almost a paradox that jaguar, a species that requires large areas of pristine forest to exist, is still found in some parts of the state of São Paulo. It is possible that wild animals could leave in coexistence with intense land use, or is it the case that such rare encounters with large wild animals in São Paulo will disappear in the near future?All ecologists are aware of the problems of habitat changes caused by humans, but it was not until recent years that researchers started to consider that the land used for production could also serve as an important habitat for many different kinds of wild species. This book is about this new approach to conservation. It also highlights the important role that sciences could and should have in this discussion in order to better understand the problems and propose possible solutions.

Le golfe du Lion

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759203123 Year: Pages: 372 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0312-3 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:05
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The ORME programme (Observatoire régional méditerranéen de l'environnement) is a CNRS multidisciplinary research structure that studies the environment as a scientific object and centres its work on the Gulf of Lion, a land-sea system seen as a key zone in the Mediterranean.This takes stock of the multidisciplinary knowledge acquired of the system. It provides an overview of its vulnerability in the face of climate and manmade change. It demonstrates the necessity of integrated management of the "water" resource, in consultation with all the stakeholders involved, taking account of the interactions between man and nature.&#xD;

Strategic management of agricultural and life sciences research

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782759231034 Year: DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-3103-4 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:07
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New developments - scientific, technical, societal and political - influence not only the agenda for research but also research structures, resource requirements (human and otherwise), education and training programs and interfaces with partners and the users of research. They also have an impact on research funding and management and the way research is evaluated and monitored. This book deals with the business of doing research in Europe's public research and development organisations, with a particular focus on their strategic management challenges. It is the third e-book produced by EURAGRI and draws on contributions made at the 31st EURAGRI annual conference held in Dublin (Ireland) in September 2017.

The cultural context of biodiversity conservation - seen and unseen dimensions of indigenous knowledge among Qʹeqchiʹ communities in Guatemala

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ISBN: 9783940344199 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-417 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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How are biological diversity, protected areas, indigenous knowledge and religious worldviews related? From an anthropological perspective, this book provides an introduction into the complex subject of conservation policies that cannot be addressed without recognising the encompassing relationship between discursive, political, economic, social and ecological facets. By facing these interdependencies across global, national and local dynamics, it draws on an ethnographic case study among Maya-Q'eqchi' communities living in the margins of protected areas in Guatemala. In documenting the cultural aspects of landscape, the study explores the coherence of diverse expressions of indigenous knowledge. It intends to remind of cultural values and beliefs closely tied to subsistence activities and ritual practices that define local perceptions of the natural environment. The basic idea is to illustrate that there are different ways of knowing and reasoning, seeing and endowing the world with meaning, which include visible material and invisible interpretative understandings. These tend to be underestimated issues in international debates and may provide an alternative approach upon which conservation initiatives responsive to the needs of the humans involved should be based on.

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319191676 9783319191683 Year: Pages: 686 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19168-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 16:53:56
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This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38% of the cost of land degradation due to LUCC - which accounts for 78% of the US$300 billion loss – is borne by land users and the remaining share (62%) is borne by consumers of ecosystem services off the farm. The results in this volume indicate that reversing land degradation trends makes both economic sense, and has multiple social and environmental benefits. On average, one US dollar investment into restoration of degraded land returns five US dollars. The findings of the country case studies call for increased investments into the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded lands, including through such institutional and policy measures as strengthening community participation for sustainable land management, enhancing government effectiveness and rule of law, improving access to markets and rural services, and securing land tenure. The assessment in this volume has been conducted at a time when there is an elevated interest in private land investments and when global efforts to achieve sustainable development objectives have intensified. In this regard, the results of this volume can contribute significantly to the ongoing policy debate and efforts to design strategies for achieving sustainable development goals and related efforts to address land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Origin of Tropical Diversity: From Clades to Communities

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450503 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-050-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Ecology --- Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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In this volume we aimed to assess progress in determining the processes by which current patterns of tropical biodiversity were established and are maintained. Tropical regions are highly species-rich and we present studies that have improved our understanding of the generation of that diversity at local, regional and global scales. We demonstrate how diverse fields from molecular phylogenetics, phylogeography, palaeontology and palaeoecology continue to improve our understanding of the natural history of the tropics.

Keywords

Tropics --- evolution --- clades --- communities --- Biodiversity

Atlas of Butterflies and Diurnal Moths in the Monsoon Tropics of Northern Australia

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781760462321 Year: Pages: 462 DOI: 10.22459/ABDM.12.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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"Northern Australia is one of few tropical places left on Earth in which biodiversity—and the ecological processes underpinning that biodiversity—is still relatively intact. However, scientific knowledge of that biodiversity is still in its infancy and the region remains a frontier for biological discovery. The butterfly and diurnal moth assemblages of the area, and their intimate associations with vascular plants (and sometimes ants), exemplify these points.&#xD;However, the opportunity to fill knowledge gaps is quickly closing: proposals for substantial development and exploitation of Australia’s north will inevitably repeat the ecological devastation that has occurred in temperate southern Australia—loss of species, loss of ecological communities, fragmentation of populations, disruption of healthy ecosystem function and so on—all of which will diminish the value of the natural heritage of the region before it is fully understood and appreciated. Written by several experts in the field, the main purpose of this atlas is to compile a comprehensive inventory of the butterflies and diurnal moths of northern Australia to form the scientific baseline against which the extent and direction of change can be assessed in the future. Such information will also assist in identifying the region’s biological assets, to inform policy and management agencies and to set priorities for biodiversity conservation."&#xD;

Keywords

Science --- Biodiversity --- Conservation --- Butterfly --- Moth

What Works in Conservation 2015

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782821876125 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 648 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. Chapters cover the practical global conservation of amphibians, bats and birds, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasives. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually and provides full references.

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