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Biomass

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ISBN: 9789533071138 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.5772/275 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Due to demands placed on natural resources globally and subsequent deterioration of the environment, there is a need to source and develop appropriate technology to satisfy this requirement. For decades mankind has largely depended on natural resources such as fossil fuels to meet the ever increasing energy demands. Realizing the finite nature of these resources, emphasis is now shifting to investigating alternate energy source governed by environmentally friendly principles. The abundance of biomass and associated favorable techno-economics has recently changed global perceptions of harnessing biomass as a valuable resource rather than a waste. To this end this book aims to make a contribution to exploring further this area of biomass research and development in the form of a compilation of chapters and covering areas of ecological status of different types of biomass and the roles they play in ecosystems, current status of biomass utilization and deriving energy and other value added products from biomass. In this context biomass can be defined as large plants and trees and different groups of microorganisms. This book will serve as an invaluable resource for scientists and environmental managers in planning solutions for sustainable development.

Progress in Biomass and Bioenergy Production

Author:
ISBN: 9789533074917 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.5772/972 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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Alternative energy sources have become a hot topic in recent years. The supply of fossil fuel, which provides about 95 percent of total energy demand today, will eventually run out in a few decades. By contrast, biomass and biofuel have the potential to become one of the major global primary energy source along with other alternate energy sources in the years to come. A wide variety of biomass conversion options with different performance characteristics exists. The goal of this book is to provide the readers with current state of art about biomass and bioenergy production and some other environmental technologies such as Wastewater treatment, Biosorption and Bio-economics. Organized around providing recent methodology, current state of modelling and techniques of parameter estimation in gasification process are presented at length. As such, this volume can be used by undergraduate and graduate students as a reference book and by the researchers and environmental engineers for reviewing the current state of knowledge on biomass and bioenergy production, biosorption and wastewater treatment.

Biofuel's Engineering Process Technology

Author:
ISBN: 9789533074801 Year: Pages: 744 DOI: 10.5772/961 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book aspires to be a comprehensive summary of current biofuels issues and thereby contribute to the understanding of this important topic. Readers will find themes including biofuels development efforts, their implications for the food industry, current and future biofuels crops, the successful Brazilian ethanol program, insights of the first, second, third and fourth biofuel generations, advanced biofuel production techniques, related waste treatment, emissions and environmental impacts, water consumption, produced allergens and toxins. Additionally, the biofuel policy discussion is expected to be continuing in the foreseeable future and the reading of the biofuels features dealt with in this book, are recommended for anyone interested in understanding this diverse and developing theme.

Biofuel Production - Recent Developments and Prospects

Author:
ISBN: 9789533074788 Year: Pages: 608 DOI: 10.5772/959 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book aspires to be a comprehensive summary of current biofuels issues and thereby contribute to the understanding of this important topic. Readers will find themes including biofuels development efforts, their implications for the food industry, current and future biofuels crops, the successful Brazilian ethanol program, insights of the first, second, third and fourth biofuel generations, advanced biofuel production techniques, related waste treatment, emissions and environmental impacts, water consumption, produced allergens and toxins. Additionally, the biofuel policy discussion is expected to be continuing in the foreseeable future and the reading of the biofuels features dealt with in this book, are recommended for anyone interested in understanding this diverse and developing theme.

Biodiesel - Feedstocks and Processing Technologies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533077130 Year: Pages: 472 DOI: 10.5772/1094 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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The book ""Biodiesel: Feedstocks and Processing Technologies"" is intended to provide a professional look on the recent achievements and emerging trends in biodiesel production. It includes 22 chapters, organized in two sections. The first book section: ""Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production"" covers issues associated with the utilization of cost effective non-edible raw materials and wastes, and the development of biomass feedstock with physical and chemical properties that facilitate it processing to biodiesel. These include Brassicaceae spp., cooking oils, animal fat wastes, oleaginous fungi, and algae. The second book section: ""Biodiesel Production Methods"" is devoted to the advanced techniques for biodiesel synthesis: supercritical transesterification, microwaves, radio frequency and ultrasound techniques, reactive distillation, and optimized transesterification processes making use of solid catalysts and immobilized enzymes. The adequate and up-to-date information provided in this book should be of interest for research scientist, students, and technologists, involved in biodiesel production.

Biodiesel - Quality, Emissions and By-Products

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533077840 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.5772/2284 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book entitled ""Biodiesel: Quality, Emissions and By-products"" covers topics related to biodiesel quality, performance of combustion engines that use biodiesel and the emissions they generate. New routes to determinate biodiesel properties are proposed and the process how the raw material source, impurities and production practices can affect the quality of the biodiesel is analyzed. In relation to the utilization of biofuel, the performance of combustion engines fuelled by biodiesel and biodiesels blends are evaluated. The applications of glycerol, a byproduct of the biodiesel production process as a feedstock for biotechnological processes, and a key compound of the biorefinery of the future is also emphasized.

Liquid, Gaseous and Solid Biofuels - Conversion Techniques

Author:
ISBN: 9789535110507 Year: Pages: 554 DOI: 10.5772/50479 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book offers reviews of state-of-the-art conversion techniques for biofuels. It focuses on the latest development for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels that should be of interest to the chemical scientists and technologists.

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass - Techniques, Applications and Commercialization

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535111191 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.5772/1490 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book provides important aspects of sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass which has a pivotal role for the economic production of several value-added products and biofuels with safe environment. Different pretreatment techniques and enzymatic hydrolysis process along with the characterization of cell wall components have been discussed broadly. The following features of this book attribute its distinctiveness: This book comprehensively covers the improvement in methodologies for the biomass pretreatment, hemicellulose and cellulose breakdown into fermentable sugars, the analytical methods for biomass characterization, and bioconversion of cellulosics into biofuels. In addition, mechanistic analysis of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis have been discussed in details, highlighting key factors influencing these processes at industrial scale.

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535128915 9789535128922 9789535141211 Year: Pages: 524 DOI: 10.5772/63185 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
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Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Issues related to environment, food, and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide energy to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of energy while also considering the biosphere&rsquo;s ability to regenerate resources. The bioenergy and biofuels are resources that may provide solutions to these critical challenges. Divided into 25 discreet parts, the book covers topics on characterization, production, and uses of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels provides an insight into future developments in each field and extensive bibliography. It will be an essential resource for researchers and academic and industry professionals in the energy field.

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock

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ISBN: 9781789232882 9781789232899 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69788 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

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