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Culture-bearing Women. The Black Women Renaissance and Cultural Nationalism

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ISBN: 9788395609558 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.1515/9788395609558 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 12:37:27
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This study examines the Black Women’s Renaissance (BWR) – the flowering of literary talent among African American women at the end of the 20th century. It focuses on the historical and heritage novels of the 1980s and the vexed relationship between black cultural nationalism and black feminism. It argues that when the nation seemingly fell out of fashion, black women writers sought to re-create what Renan called “a soul, a spiritual principle” for their ethnic group. BWR narratives, especially those associated with womanism, appreciated “culture bearing” mothers as cultural reproducers of the nation and transmitters of its values. In this way, the writers of the BWR gave rise to “matrifocal” cultural nationalism that superseded masculine cultural nationalism of the previous decade and made black women, instead of black men, principal agents/carriers of national identity. This monograph argues that even though matrifocal nationalism empowered women, ultimately it was a flawed project. It promoted gender and cultural essentialism, i.e. it glorified black motherhood and mother-daughter bonding and condemned other, more radical models of black female subjectivity. Moreover, the BWR, vivified by middle-class and educated black women, turned readers’ attention from more contentious social issues, such as class mobility or wealth redistribution. The monograph compares the cultural nationalist novels of the 1980s with social protest novels written by the same authors in the 1970s and explains the rationale behind the change in their aesthetic and political agenda. It also contrasts novels written by womanist writers (Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, Gloria Naylor to name just a few) and by African Caribbean immigrant or second-generation writers (Audre Lorde, Paule Marshall, Jamaica Kincaid and Michelle Cliff) to show that, on the score of cultural nationalism, the BWR was not a monolithic phenomenon. African American and African Caribbean women writers collectively contribu

Chapter 8 1980s and beyond (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780415365130 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:05:29
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Black and Asian Theatre in Britain is an unprecedented study tracing the history of ‘the Other’ through the ages in British theatre. The diverse and often contradictory aspects of this history are expertly drawn together to provide a detailed background to the work of African, Asian, and Caribbean diasporic companies and practitioners. Colin Chambers examines early forms of blackface and other representations in the sixteenth century, through to the emergence of black and Asian actors, companies, and theatre groups in their own right. Thorough analysis uncovers how they led to a flourishing of black and Asian voices in theatre at the turn of the twenty-first century. Figures and companies studied include: Ira Aldridge Henry Francis Downing Paul Robeson Errol John Mustapha Matura Dark and Light Theatre The Keskidee Centre Indian Art and Dramatic Society Temba Edric and Pearl Connor Tara Arts Yvonne Brewster Tamasha Talawa. Black and Asian Theatre in Britain is an enlightening and immensely readable resource and represents a major new study of theatre history and British history as a whole.

Keywords

Asian --- Black --- Britain --- History --- Theatre

Mark Twain et la parole noire

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ISBN: 9791036502064 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.9453 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 1886, William-Little Hughes traduit le célèbre roman de Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Cette première traduction française, à travers les métamorphoses qu'elle fait subir au personnage de Jim et à sa parole, le Black English, constitue un renversement majeur de l'entreprise initiale de Twain. En effet, dans ce texte aux relents de colonialisme, Jim est confiné à un rôle de subalterne idiot, et Huck, à celui de maître blanc paternaliste et autoritaire. Toute traduction, quelle que soit sa visée, crée inévitablement des différences ; telle est la nature intrinsèque de ce processus. À travers l'étude de sept traductions françaises du roman, Judith Lavoie montre que les déplacements opérés par les traducteurs ne sont ni le fruit du hasard, ni irréfléchis, mais peuvent être associés à un réseau organisé de choix esthétique et idéologique. Qu'il s'agisse de la version de Hughes, se situant aux antipodes du roman américain, ou de celle de Suzanne Nétillard (1948), qui réactive le message contestataire de l'original, toutes les traductions sont fondées sur un véritable projet et jettent un éclairage unique sur une œuvre fascinante.

Black Boxes - Versiegelungskontexte und

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 21986932 ISBN: 9783110701319 Year: Volume: 31 Pages: 425 DOI: 10.1515/9783110701319 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-12 19:29:15
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We are surrounded by complex things that affect us but which remain concealed behind interfaces. Examples of such black boxes are diverse: smart watches, artificial intelligence, complex software, and gene-editing technology. This interdisciplinary volume explores case examples of black boxes using theoretical analytic tools, looks at the ways they are sealed, and presents attempts to disclose their contents.

Sport in the Black Atlantic: Cricket, Canada and the Caribbean diaspora

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Book Series: Globalizing Sport Studies ISBN: 9781526104939 9781526104939 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:04
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"This book outlines the ways sport helps to create transnational social fields that interconnect migrants dispersed across a region known as the Black Atlantic: Britain, North America and the Caribbean. Many Caribbean men's stories about their experiences migrating to Canada, settling in Toronto's urban and suburban neighbourhoods, finding jobs, and travelling involved some contact with a cricket and social club. In this study Joseph brings a sport analysis to black diaspora research and shows how the cricket ground joins black Canadians as a unified community, to celebrate their homeland cultures and assuage the pain of racial terror that unifies the Black Atlantic. It offers a unique contribution to black diaspora studies through showing sport in Canada as a means of contending with ageing in the diaspora, creating transnational relationships, and marking ethnic boundaries on a local scale. The study also brings black diaspora analysis to sport research and takes a close look at what goes on before, during, and after cricket matches to provide insights into the dis-unities, contradictions and complexities of Afro-diasporic identity. The simultaneous representation of sameness and difference among Afro-Caribbean, African-American, Black British, Indo-Caribbean and South-Asian groups in Canada is played out on the cricket field. Sport in the Black Atlantic describes twenty-one months of ethnographic empirical evidence of how black identities are gendered, age-dependent and formed relationally, with boundary making and crossing as active processes in multicultural Canada. It will be of interest to students and scholars in sociology, sport studies, and black diaspora studies."

Strategies of Sanity and Survival: Religious Responses to Natural Disasters in the Middle Ages

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789517463577 9789522228185 9789522228192 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.2 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS||SKS
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:49
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It is an unusual book in many respects. It is a specific study based on original and in most cases unedited sources, but it can also be read as a general introduction. It crosses boundaries between different fields of learning and traditionally accepted time periods of history. Even if it is essentially a book on medieval man, it stretches far beyond the middle ages as conventionally understood. The final chapter traces the slow disappearance of the medieval mentality until the early nineteenth century.

Documenting Racism

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ISBN: 9780826405555 9781441172938 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102540
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
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From the silent era through the 1950s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture was the preeminent government filmmaking organization. In the United States, USDA films were shown in movie theaters, public and private schools at all educational levels, churches, libraries and even in open fields. For many Americans in the early 1900s, the USDA films were the first motion pictures they watched. And yet USDA documentaries have received little serious scholarly attention. The lack of serious study is especially concerning since the films chronicle over half a century of American farm life and agricultural work and, in so doing, also chronicle the social, cultural, and political changes in the United States at a crucial time in its development into a global superpower. Focusing specifically on four key films, Winn explicates the representation of African Americans in these films within the socio-political context of their times.

Black Love, Black Hate

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ISBN: 9780814213865 9780814255032 Year: DOI: 10.26818/9780814213865 Language: English
Publisher: The Ohio State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103023
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:02
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Felice D. Blake’s Black Love, Black Hate: Intimate Antagonisms in African American Literature highlights the pervasive representations of intraracial deceptions, cruelties, and contempt in Black literature. Literary criticism has tended to focus on Black solidarity and the ways that a racially linked fate has compelled Black people to counter notions of Black inferiority with unified notions of community driven by political commitments to creative rehumanization and collective affirmation. Blake shows how fictional depictions of intraracial conflict perform necessary work within the Black community, raising questions about why racial unity is so often established from the top down and how loyalty to Blackness can be manipulated to reinforce deleterious forms of subordination to oppressive gender, sexual, and class norms.

Knocking the Hustle: Against the Neoliberal Turn in Black Politics

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ISBN: 9780692540794 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0121.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:37
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Over the past several years scholars, activists, and analysts have begun to examine the growing divide between the wealthy and the rest of us, suggesting that the divide can be traced to the neoliberal turn. “I’m not a business man; I’m a business, man.” Perhaps no better statement gets at the heart of this turn. Increasingly we’re being forced to think of ourselves in entrepreneurial terms, forced to take more and more responsibility for developing our “human capital.” Furthermore a range of institutions from churches to schools to entire cities have been remade, restructured to in order to perform like businesses. Finally, even political concepts like freedom, and democracy have been significantly altered. As a result we face higher levels of inequality than any other time over the last century. In Knocking the Hustle: Against the Neoliberal Turn in Black Politics, Lester K. Spence writes the first book length effort to chart the effects of this transformation on African American communities, in an attempt to revitalize the black political imagination. Rather than asking black men and women to “hustle harder” Spence criticizes the act of hustling itself as a tactic used to demobilize and disempower the communities most in need of empowerment.

The Subject of Race in American Science Fiction

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Book Series: Literary Criticism and Cultural Theory ISBN: 9780203944486 9780415979016 9780415802895 9781135864590 9781135864583 9781135864545 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203944486 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:06
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While the connections between science fiction and race have largely been neglected by scholars, racial identity is a key element of the subjectivity constructed in American SF. In his Mars series, Edgar Rice Burroughs primarily supported essentialist constructions of racial identity, but also included a few elements of racial egalitarianism. Writing in the 1930s, George S. Schuyler revised Burroughs' normative SF triangle of white author, white audience, and white protagonist and promoted an individualistic, highly variable concept of race instead. While both Burroughs and Schuyler wrote SF focusing on racial identity, the largely separate genres of science fiction and African American literature prevented the similarities between the two authors from being adequately acknowledged and explored. Beginning in the 1960s, Samuel R. Delany more fully joined SF and African American literature. Delany expands on Schuyler's racial constructionist approach to identity, including gender and sexuality in addition to race. Critically intertwining the genres of SF and African American literature allows a critique of the racism in the science fiction and a more accurate and positive portrayal of the scientific connections in the African American literature. Connecting the popular fiction of Burroughs, the controversial career of Schuyler, and the postmodern texts of Delany illuminates a gradual change from a stable, essentialist construction of racial identity at the turn of the century to the variable, social construction of poststructuralist subjectivity today.

Keywords

edgar --- rice --- burroughs --- genre --- schuylers --- black --- community --- farnhams --- freehold --- star

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