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De spade in de dijk. Waterbeheer en rurale samenleving in de Vlaamse kustvlakte (1280-1580)

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Book Series: Historische Economie en Ecologie ISBN: 9789038213521 Year: Pages: 359 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611030 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: History --- Arts in general --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-26 11:01:05
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Abstract

The Spade in de Dijk is the first synthesis on the organisation of water management in Coastal Flanders during the later Middle Ages. Based on the unique archival evidence produced by local water boards (wateringen), large landowners and local and regional authorities, Tim Soens argues for the occurrence of profound changes in coastal water management in the later Middle Ages. Water management gradually became less inclusive, investments lowered, and flood risk increased. This evolution was triggered by the social transition from a peasant society of land-owning smallholders to a society of absentee landlords and large tenant farmers.

The Stability of Currency Boards

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Book Series: cege-Schriften ISBN: 9783631520314 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3726/b14167 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:14
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The 1990s saw a revival of the currency board system, and proponents have advocated it as an easy-to-set-up exchange rate arrangement providing effective stabilization of the economy. However, the experience of Argentina has highlighted the risks of having a currency board. This study presents both the potential benefits, as well as the risks, of having a currency board by examining the stability of the currency board arrangement and identifying factors affecting the stability. The analysis is based on second-generation currency crisis models, extended to incorporate currency-board specific features and to account for particular aspects often found in currency-board economies.

Non-destructive Testing of Materials in Civil Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039216901 9783039216918 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-691-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book was proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering. For this reason, the articles highlighted in this editorial relate to different aspects of nondestructive testing of different materials in civil engineering—from building materials to building structures. The current trend in the development of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering is mainly concerned with the detection of flaws and defects in concrete elements and structures, and acoustic methods predominate in this field. As in medicine, the trend is towards designing test equipment that allows one to obtain a picture of the inside of the tested element and materials. From this point of view, interesting results with significance for building practices have been obtained

Keywords

non-destructive testing --- masonry structures --- strengthening --- ultrasonic tomography --- adhesion assessment --- autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) --- compressive strength --- shape and size of specimen --- moisture of AAC --- ultrasonic testing --- gantry crane --- RMF technique --- civil engineering --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- degree of degradation --- thermovision --- active thermography --- thermal contrast --- defect detection --- location of inclusions --- non-destructive testing --- materials research --- building partition --- cement-based composites --- fiber cement boards --- durability --- ultrasound measurements --- spun concrete --- micro-computed tomography --- nanoindentation --- deconvolution --- mathematical morphology --- non-destructive evaluation --- structural damage --- natural frequency --- singular value truncation --- multiple feedbacks --- data noise --- NDT methods --- rebar location --- eddy-current method --- GPR method --- concrete --- concrete mix design --- concrete strength prediction --- data mining --- machine learning --- timber structures --- non-destructive methods --- ultrasonic wave --- stress wave --- drilling resistance --- X-ray micro-computed tomography --- waste brick dust --- adsorption --- lead --- cesium --- surface complexation --- precipitation --- solid-state NMR spectroscopy --- Lamb waves --- scanning laser vibrometry --- adhesive joints --- non-destructive testing --- damage detection --- excitation frequency --- nondestructive testing --- thermography --- monitoring of structures --- reinforced concrete chimney --- corrosion processes --- service life of a structure --- viscoelastic parameters --- creep test --- fatigue tests --- asphalt mixtures --- Burgers model --- four point bending beam --- pattern recognition --- acoustic emission --- Structural Health Monitoring --- brittle fracture --- diagnostics --- non-destructive testing --- reinforced concrete grandstand stadium --- vibration analysis --- crowd-induced excitation --- structural tuning --- concrete slabs and floorings --- horizontal casting --- compressive strength --- ultrasonic tests --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- artificial neural networks --- SEM --- non-destructive method --- damage --- mercury intrusion porosimetry --- X-ray computed tomography --- acoustic emission AE --- acoustic spectrum --- quasi brittle cement composites --- destruction process --- resistance measurement --- wood moisture sensing --- non-destructive testing --- moisture safety --- cellulose fibre cement boards --- microstructure --- nanoindentation --- SEM-EDS analysis --- temperature --- concrete elements --- concrete strength --- reinforced concrete tanks --- concrete corrosion --- sulphate corrosion --- ultrasound tests --- rebound hammer --- SilverSchmidt --- concrete --- compressive strength --- non-destructive testing --- non-destructive testing --- diagnostic --- acoustic methods --- ultrasound --- building materials --- defects

Advances in Wood Composites

Author:
ISBN: 9783039285846 / 9783039285853 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-585-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Wood composites have shown very good performance, and substantial service lives when correctly specified for the exposure risks present. Selection of an appropriate product for the job should be accompanied by decisions about the appropriate protection, whether this is by design, by preservative treatment or by wood modification techniques. This Special Issue, Advances in Wood Composites presents recent progress in enhancing and refining the performance and properties of wood composites by chemical and thermal modification and the application of smart nanomaterials, which have made them a particular area of interest for researchers. In addition, it reviews some important aspects in the field of wood composites, with particular focus on their materials, applications, and engineering and scientific advances, including solutions inspired biomimetrically by the structure of wood and wood composites. This Special Issue, with a collection of 13 original contributions, provides selected examples of recent Advances in Wood Composites

Keywords

wood --- thermal modification --- mechanical properties --- dimensional stability --- color --- chemical structure --- VOCs --- alder plywood --- high-density polyethylene film --- bending strength --- modulus of elasticity in bending --- shear strength --- thickness swelling --- water absorption --- activation volume --- creep behavior --- sol-gel process --- stepped isostress method --- wood-inorganic composites --- wood adhesive --- tunnel-structured --- sepiolite --- rapid formaldehyde release --- wood plastic composite --- graphene nano-platelets --- thermal property --- mechanical property --- water-based UV curing coating --- coating amount --- surface properties --- polyurethane-acrylate --- oak (Quercus alba L.) --- bamboo --- carbothermal reduction --- ceramic --- silicon carbide --- sol–gel process --- thermal modification --- nanocompounds --- mechanical and physical properties --- cellulose --- crystallinity --- biorefinery lignin --- wood panels --- sustainable adhesives --- adhesive penetration --- particleboard properties --- formaldehyde emissions --- bamboo --- chemical modification --- dimensional stability --- dynamic thermodynamic --- acetic anhydride --- methyl methacrylate --- polymer-triticale boards --- thermoplastic polymers --- straw --- hydrophobicity --- mechanical properties --- oriented strand lumber (OSL) --- nanowollastonite --- mechanical and physical properties --- UF resin --- buckling --- WPC --- HDPE --- Southwell’s method --- finite element analysis --- Abaqus --- aquacultural --- structural analysis --- wood --- plastic --- composite --- n/a

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