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Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes of Southeastern Brazil

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ISBN: 9783110480849 9783110480979 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1515/9783110480849 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Ecology --- Botany --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:10:27
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The state of São Paulo, Brazil, is one of the most densely populated and developed areas in South America. Such development is evident both in terms of industrialization and urbanization, as well as in agriculture, which is heavily based on sugar cane, Eucalyptus plantations and livestock. This intense land use has resulted in great alteration of the original land cover and fragmentation of natural ecosystems. For these reasons, it is almost a paradox that jaguar, a species that requires large areas of pristine forest to exist, is still found in some parts of the state of São Paulo. It is possible that wild animals could leave in coexistence with intense land use, or is it the case that such rare encounters with large wild animals in São Paulo will disappear in the near future?All ecologists are aware of the problems of habitat changes caused by humans, but it was not until recent years that researchers started to consider that the land used for production could also serve as an important habitat for many different kinds of wild species. This book is about this new approach to conservation. It also highlights the important role that sciences could and should have in this discussion in order to better understand the problems and propose possible solutions.

Social Media in Emergent Brazil

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Book Series: Why we post ISBN: 9781787351653 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351653 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:01:54
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Since the popularisation of the internet, low-income Brazilians have received little government support to help them access it. In response, they have largely self-financed their digital migration. Internet cafés became prosperous businesses in working-class neighbourhoods and rural settlements, and, more recently, families have aspired to buy their own home computer with hire purchase agreements. As low-income Brazilians began to access popular social media sites in the mid-2000s, affluent Brazilians ridiculed their limited technological skills, different tastes and poor schooling, but this did not deter them from expanding their online presence. Young people created profiles for barely literate older relatives and taught them to navigate platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp. Based on 15 months of ethnographic research, this book aims to understand why low-income Brazilians have invested so much of their time and money in learning about social media. Juliano Spyer explores this question from a number of perspectives, including education, relationships, work and politics. He argues that social media is the way for low-income Brazilians to stay connected to the family and friends they see in person on a regular basis, which suggests that social media serves a crucial function in strengthening traditional social relations

Keywords

facebook --- brazil --- anthropology --- ethnography

Poetry from Beyond the Grave

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789081709194 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0222.1.00 Language: English|Portuguese
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-29 11:21:08
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Poetry from Beyond the Grave is the first English publication of a large selection of poems by the Brazilian medium and Spiritist leader Francisco Cândido “Chico” Xavier. These poems, originally collected in the volume Parnaso de Além-Túmulo, were dictated to Xavier by a variety of spirits of Brazilian poets from the afterlife, as journeying souls or as witnesses of the spiritual city Nosso Lar, “our house.” Poetry from Beyond the Grave is a veritable collection of haunted writing, in which poets present their posthumous work as if they were alive. The brilliant translation by Vitor Pequeno is supplemented by an extensive afterword by Jeremy Fernando, who traces what it means to speak through the other.

Rare Earth Frontiers

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ISBN: 9781501714580 9781501714610 9781501714603 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101569
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Owing to their unique magnetic, phosphorescent, and catalytic properties, rare earths are the elements that make possible teverything from the miniaturization of electronics, to the enabling of green energy and medical technologies, to supporting essential telecommunications and defense systems. An iPhone uses eight rare earths for everything from its colored screen, to its speakers, to the miniaturization of the phone’s circuitry. On the periodic table rare earth elements comprise a set of seventeen chemical elements (the fifteen lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium). There would be no Pokémon Go without rare earths. Rare Earth Frontiers is a work of human geography. Klinger looks historically and geographically at the ways rare earth elements in three discrete but representative and contested sites are given meaning.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Geography --- Resources --- Anthropology --- Etnography --- Geology --- China --- Brazil --- Moon

Mesas luso-brasileiras: alimentação, saúde & cultura. vol. I

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836531 ISBN: 9789892617183 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1721-3 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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The tendency of 21st century studies about the table has been to privilege as multi and transdisciplinary approaches. In fact, it is in its holistic sense that we use the term table, a universe that encompasses goods, people and ideas. Reflect today toward the table constitutes a process of careful inquiry into three of the main pillars of the man’s relationship with food, throughout its history: food, health and culture. This book is the subject of Lusophone Tables and is organized in two volumes, containing five parts and a total of 25 chapters. The 13 chapters of the first volume focus on two central themes: food under the therapeutic and symbolic prism. In Part I (Therapeutic Tables: when food is medicine), it is evident that, historically, medical writings preceded the culinary literature. Part II (Sacred Tables: when food is a symbol) is referred to the table as answer and vehicle of dialogue with the transcendent.

Mesas luso-brasileiras: alimentação, saúde & cultura. vol. II

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836532 ISBN: 9789892617190 Year: Pages: 372 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1720-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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The tendency of 21st century studies about the table has been to privilege as multi and transdisciplinary approaches. In fact, it is in its holistic sense that we use the term table, a universe that encompasses goods, people and ideas. Reflect today toward the table constitutes a process of careful inquiry into three of the main pillars of the man’s relationship with food, throughout its history: food, health and culture. This book is the subject of Lusophone Tables and is organized in two volumes, containing five parts and a total of 25 chapters. The 13 chapters of the first volume focus on two central themes: food under the therapeutic and symbolic prism. In Part I (Therapeutic Tables: when food is medicine), it is evident that, historically, medical writings preceded the culinary literature. Part II (Sacred Tables: when food is a symbol) is referred to the table as answer and vehicle of dialogue with the transcendent.

Politics of Quality in Education

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Research in International and Comparative Education ISBN: 9781138559738 9780203712306 Year: Pages: 228 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-27 11:01:52
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The question of quality has become one of the most important framing factors in education and has been of growing interest to international organisations&#xD;and national policymakers for decades. Politics of Quality in Education focuses&#xD;on Brazil, China, and Russia, part of the so-called emerging nations’ BRICS&#xD;block, and draws on a four-year project to develop a new theoretical and&#xD;methodological approach.&#xD;The book builds a comparative, sociohistorical, and transnational understanding&#xD;of political relations in education, with a particular focus on the policies and&#xD;practices of quality assurance and evaluation (QAE). Tracking QAE processes&#xD;from international organisations to individual schools, contributors analyse how&#xD;QAE changes the dynamics in the roles of state, expertise, and governance. The&#xD;book demonstrates how national and sub-national actors play a central role in&#xD;the adaptation, modification, or rejection of transnational policies.&#xD;Politics of Quality in Education will be of great interest to academics, researchers,&#xD;and postgraduate students engaged in the study of comparative and international&#xD;education, as well as educational policy and politics. It should also be essential&#xD;reading for practitioners and policymakers.

Transitions in Segmented Labor Markets

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631531624 Year: Pages: 220 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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When labor market economists started to work on segmented labor markets, they classified informal employment as a transitory state. At the end of the 20th century, informal employment still persists governments’ attempts to eradicate it and represents a growing labor market segment not only in developing countries but worldwide. It is evident that informal employment will not disappear but has to be taken into account when designing labor market policies. This study investigates the role of informal dependent employment on the allocation of workers into formal employment in general and on the choice of job search channels in particular. The empirical analysis is based on Cox proportional hazard models and multinomial logistic regression, using Brazilian labor market panel data.

Ensaios sobre património alimentar luso-brasileiro

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836523 ISBN: 9789892608853 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-0886-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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They were received and adapted in the Brazilian culture. The work is organized in four parts, each one with several chapters, approaching food heritage from Classical Antiquity to the present. Part I concerns eating practices and hospitality in the Greek and Roman worlds, the two great civilization founders of Europe. The main goal of its chapters is to demonstrate that some contemporary food habits are very strongly connected to a Classical Mediterranean heritage. The underlining of these cultural bounds between nowadays food culture and its past allows us to understand the real importance of food on the shaping of everybody’s cultural identity. Part II focus on food in the Middle Ages, particularly on its moral and religious issues. The social contexts considered are the king’s table and the monastic communities, because those are the most well documented realities we have. Part III discusses the transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Era, taking as example, once again, the food habits of the royal family and also of a university college. With the Portuguese Discoveries came a great impulse on sugar production and, consequently, on the manufacturing, commerce and consumption of sweets, a thematic central on this part. Part IV is dedicated to the contribution of Portuguese heritage in structuring a discourse on Brazilian cuisine and to the early appearance on the Brazilian colonial society of myths, beliefs, and taboos concerning breastfeeding (a field of research usually marginal on Food History).

Odisseia de Sabores da Lusofonia

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836525 ISBN: 9789892610856 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1086-3 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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The book investigates how the Portuguese Culinary Heritage (mainly from Portugal and Brazil) offers a wide range of tastes originating from the travels (long, uncertain and frequently painful) of the Portuguese to unknown or only scantily-known lands from the start of the Discovery Era (15th and 16th centuries) to the most recent migratory waves (20th century). Settlers and emigrants carried in their trunks a wide range of souvenirs, among which culinary recipes may be included. Although the new lands produced high expectations, homesickness with regard to their culture and costumes was never absent. The book is divided into two parts. Part I deals with the Greco-Roman and Medieval cultural roots of Portuguese food (Chapters 1 and 2). Part II, with nine chapters, deal with the multicultural encounters between Portuguese, Brazilians and other populations. The Portuguese-African dialogue started in the 15th and 16th centuries (Chapter 3). Two complementary comments are discussed: the first comprises the integration and adaptation of the Portuguese Food Recipes in Portuguese America of the 16th and 17th centuries (Chapter 4) and the second deals with the inclusion of products from the Americas during the Modern Age (Chapter 5). Five studies are devoted to the history of food in the state of Paraná (Supply in Chapter 6; Gender Issues in Chapter 7; Immigration in Chapter 9; Regional Recipes in Chapter 10), to the regional gastronomy in contemporary Brazilian food history (in the state of Piauí in Chapter 11) and to a revision of the chapter called ‘Ementa Portuguesa’ from Câmara Cascudo´s book História da Alimentação no Brasil (Chapter 8).

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