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Willensfreiheit und deterministisches Chaos

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ISBN: 9783731500643 Year: Pages: 181 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035728 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Bei dem Versuch der Klärung der Begriffe ""Willensfreiheit"" und ""Determinismus"" stößt man auf viele Teilgebiete der Philosophie: Analytische Philosophie, Logik, Erkenntnistheorie, Ethik, Rechtsphilosophie usw. Letzten Endes kreist die Diskussion hier aber immer um das Leib-Seele-Problem. In vielen Veröffentlichungen wird der Unterschied zwischen Willensfreiheit und Handlungsfreiheit verwischt. Dieser Unterschied soll hier aber konsequent herausgestellt werden. Gibt es überhaupt ""Freiheit"" Und um was für eine Freiheit dreht es sich bei der Freiheit der Willensentschlüsse?

Chaostheorie und Literaturwissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783706545075 Year: Pages: 232 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437194 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3989
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:30
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This book presents the development and present status of adaptions of chaos theory for literary studies. Furthermore the integration of these methodological approaches into a discipline that is oriented towards cultural studies is demonstrated. The publication consists of four parts. The first part of the work deals with the issues created through questions posed by historical philosophy and historiography. It discusses how reflections on linear time, as well as on the description and explanation of sequences, circularity and synchronicities lead to an increased complexity in the semanticts of time in the notion of the objects analized. It also discusses the integration of discourses from other disciplines into literary history. It is demonstrated that both aspects - increased complexity and supplementary discourses - are highly influential in hermeneutical literary studies.The second part deals with changes in the notion of time in the modern and so-called post-modern era. It focuses especially on non-linearity, the increasing importance of historical time in the natural sciences and on the effect of this tendency on the analysis of highly complex structures outside of the natural sciences. In the third part of the publication concrete examples of the adaption of chaos theory for literary studies are examined - especially their epistemological interest, their position within the framework of the discipline and their interdisciplinary potential. This part elucidates the potential of focusing on the literary text and its particularities under the premises of chaos theory and how such an interdisciplinary approach helps to bridge the cap between the natural sciences and the humanities.In the final part of the publication the social and cultural relevance of historical knowledge as a frame of reference in times of increasing (temporal and social) complexity is examined. With reference to the explanatory power of hermeneutical procedures "chaostheoretical literary studies" are proposed as a working hypothesis. The approach is intended as a model which can be integrated into cultural analysis and not provides descriptions and explanations for highly complex literary texts, hypertexts and virtual realities, but also regards scientific and technical production and distribution of knowledge as an important part of culture and thus integrates it into its analysis.

Écritures du chaos

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ISBN: 9782842929497 DOI: 10.4000/books.puv.1394 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Vincennes
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Face à la violence historique et à la dictature, trois auteurs de la Caraïbe, Frankétienne (Haïti), Reinaldo Arenas (Cuba, Miami), Joël Des Rosiers (Haïti, Québec), tentent d'inventer un symbole neuf. C'est du côté de l'imaginaire que l'œuvre déploie ses miroirs et ses leurres. Mais quand la langue est usée jusqu'à la trame des signifiances, jusqu'au trou du texte, c'est dans le réel de l'écriture, chaos ou vide, que l'œuvre essaie de faire renaître un son ou de sacrifier un reste : alors surgissent les plus belles surprises de ces écritures affolées et énigmatiques qu'une lecture au plus près des signifiants travaille à décrypter.

The Semantics of Chaos in Tjutčev

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876902616 Year: Pages: 149 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:58
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

LED Farbmischung mit chaotischen Lichtleitern

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Book Series: Spektrum der Lichttechnik / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Lichttechnisches Institut ISSN: 21951152 ISBN: 9783731504801 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: III, 216 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000051748 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This book describes a systematical method to efficiently and homogeneously mix rays of different coloured Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) in both the angular and spatial domain. The focus of this work is the application of chaotic billiard geometries on the cross section of a light guide. Such a chaotic light guide offers the possibility to achieve complete colour mixing according to deterministic chaos theory.

Framework for Analysis and Identification of Nonlinear Distributed Parameter Systems using Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification based on Generalized Polynomial Chaos

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731506423 Year: Volume: 31 Pages: XIX, 210 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000066940 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this work, the Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) approaches combined systematically to analyze and identify systems. The generalized Polynomial Chaos (gPC) expansion is applied to reduce the computational effort. The framework using gPC based on Bayesian UQ proposed in this work is capable of analyzing the system systematically and reducing the disagreement between the model predictions and the measurements of the real processes to fulfill user defined performance criteria.

Physical (A)Causality: Determinism, Randomness and Uncaused Events

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Book Series: Fundamental Theories of Physics ISSN: 0168-1222 ISBN: 9783319708140 9783319708157 Year: Volume: 192 Pages: 219 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70815-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: OpenAIRE
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 14:42:45
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This book addresses the physical phenomenon of events that seem to occur spontaneously and without any known cause. These are to be contrasted with events that happen in a (pre-)determined, predictable, lawful, and causal way.All our knowledge is based on self-reflexive theorizing, as well as on operational means of empirical perception. Some of the questions that arise are the following: are these limitations reflected by our models? Under what circumstances does chance kick in? Is chance in physics merely epistemic? In other words, do we simply not know enough, or use too crude levels of description for our predictions? Or are certain events "truly", that is, irreducibly, random? The book tries to answer some of these questions by introducing intrinsic, embedded observers and provable unknowns; that is, observables and procedures which are certified (relative to the assumptions) to be unknowable or undoable. A (somewhat iconoclastic) review of quantum mechanics is presented which is inspired by quantum logic. Postulated quantum (un-)knowables are reviewed. More exotic unknowns originate in the assumption of classical continua, and in finite automata and generalized urn models, which mimic complementarity and yet maintain value definiteness. Traditional conceptions of free will, miracles and dualistic interfaces are based on gaps in an otherwise deterministic universe.

Entropy in Dynamic Systems

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ISBN: 9783039216161 / 9783039216178 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-617-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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In order to measure and quantify the complex behavior of real-world systems, either novel mathematical approaches or modifications of classical ones are required to precisely predict, monitor, and control complicated chaotic and stochastic processes. Though the term of entropy comes from Greek and emphasizes its analogy to energy, today, it has wandered to different branches of pure and applied sciences and is understood in a rather rough way, with emphasis placed on the transition from regular to chaotic states, stochastic and deterministic disorder, and uniform and non-uniform distribution or decay of diversity. This collection of papers addresses the notion of entropy in a very broad sense. The presented manuscripts follow from different branches of mathematical/physical sciences, natural/social sciences, and engineering-oriented sciences with emphasis placed on the complexity of dynamical systems. Topics like timing chaos and spatiotemporal chaos, bifurcation, synchronization and anti-synchronization, stability, lumped mass and continuous mechanical systems modeling, novel nonlinear phenomena, and resonances are discussed.

Nonlinear Dynamics and Entropy of Complex Systems with Hidden and Self-excited Attractors

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038978985 / 9783038978992 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-899-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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In recent years, entropy has been used as a measure of the degree of chaos in dynamical systems. Thus, it is important to study entropy in nonlinear systems. Moreover, there has been increasing interest in the last few years regarding the novel classification of nonlinear dynamical systems including two kinds of attractors: self-excited attractors and hidden attractors. The localization of self-excited attractors by applying a standard computational procedure is straightforward. In systems with hidden attractors, however, a specific computational procedure must be developed, since equilibrium points do not help in the localization of hidden attractors. Some examples of this kind of system are chaotic dynamical systems with no equilibrium points; with only stable equilibria, curves of equilibria, and surfaces of equilibria; and with non-hyperbolic equilibria. There is evidence that hidden attractors play a vital role in various fields ranging from phase-locked loops, oscillators, describing convective fluid motion, drilling systems, information theory, cryptography, and multilevel DC/DC converters. This Special Issue is a collection of the latest scientific trends on the advanced topics of dynamics, entropy, fractional order calculus, and applications in complex systems with self-excited attractors and hidden attractors.

Keywords

new chaotic system --- multiple attractors --- electronic circuit realization --- S-Box algorithm --- chaotic systems --- circuit design --- parameter estimation --- optimization methods --- Gaussian mixture model --- chaotic system --- empirical mode decomposition --- permutation entropy --- image encryption --- hidden attractors --- fixed point --- stability --- nonlinear transport equation --- stochastic (strong) entropy solution --- uniqueness --- existence --- multiscale multivariate entropy --- multistability --- self-reproducing system --- chaos --- hidden attractor --- self-excited attractor --- fractional order --- spectral entropy --- coexistence --- multistability --- chaotic flow --- hidden attractor --- multistable --- entropy --- core entropy --- Thurston’s algorithm --- Hubbard tree --- external rays --- chaos --- Lyapunov exponents --- multiple-valued --- static memory --- strange attractors --- fractional discrete chaos --- entropy --- projective synchronization --- full state hybrid projective synchronization --- generalized synchronization --- inverse full state hybrid projective synchronization --- inverse generalized synchronization --- multichannel supply chain --- service game --- chaos --- entropy --- BOPS --- Hopf bifurcation --- self-excited attractors --- multistability --- sample entropy --- PRNG --- Non-equilibrium four-dimensional chaotic system --- entropy measure --- adaptive approximator-based control --- neural network --- uncertain dynamics --- synchronization --- fractional-order --- complex-variable chaotic system --- unknown complex parameters --- chaotic map --- fixed point --- chaos --- approximate entropy --- implementation --- hidden attractor --- hyperchaotic system --- multistability --- entropy analysis --- hidden attractor --- complex systems --- fractional-order --- entropy --- chaotic maps --- chaos --- spatial dynamics --- Bogdanov Map --- chaos --- laser --- resonator

Progress in Mathematical Ecology

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ISBN: 9783038973126 9783038973133 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-313-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Ecology --- Physics (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-07 09:41:32
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Mathematical ecology is an area of applied mathematics concerned with the application of mathematical concepts, tools and techniques, usually in the form of mathematical models, to problems arising in population dynamics, ecology and evolution. This Special Issue is designed to provide a snapshot of the state of the art in mathematical ecology. Topics of interest are (in no particular order) biological invasions, biological control, ecological pattern formation, ecologically relevant multiscale models, food webs, individual movement and dispersal, eco-epidemiology, evolutionary ecology, agroecosystems, regime shifts and early warning signals, synchronization and chaos. The list is inclusive rather than exclusive, and a few other relevant topics will also be considered.

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