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Use of Saliva in Diagnosis of Periodontitis: Cumulative Use of Bacterial and Host-Derived Biomarkers

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451241 Year: Pages: 105 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-124-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Internal medicine --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Periodontitis is an infection-induced inflammatory disease of the tooth supporting tissues. Treatment of periodontal diseases and regeneration of the effected tissues can be possible only in the early diagnosis of the disease. If left undiagnosed or untreated, periodontitis leads to irreversible soft and hard tissue destruction and finally to tooth loss. Saliva is known to contain inflammatory mediators, host tissue and cell degradation products as well as microbial metabolites and enzymes, reflecting the health status of the oral cavity. In this topic, in collaboration with the well-known scientists working on the field of salivary diagnostics, we demonstrate evidence on monitoring periodontitis by salivary analysis.

La loi de la chair : Le droit au corps du conjoint dans l'œuvre des canonistes (xiie-xve siècle)

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ISBN: 9791035101459 DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.26103 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En montrant que le droit au corps de l'autre est aussi, à partir du xiie siècle, au cœur de l'institution du mariage, Marta Madero éclaire d'une manière nouvelle une histoire – celle des relations charnelles et des liens matrimoniaux – qui a fait pourtant l'objet de nombreux travaux ces dernières décennies. Elle a découvert en effet que les canonistes du xiie au xve siècle construisent un régime juridique des rapports de chair avec les règles que le droit romain appliquait aux rapports de possession et de propriété des hommes sur les choses et même à la subordination des choses entre elles. L'objet du consentement est bien, dès le xiie siècle – on a eu tendance à l'oublier –, le droit au corps du conjoint. Mais est-ce que ce droit s'exerce sur une chose qui serait le corps, ou sur une partie du corps ? Ou bien s'agit-il d'une servitude réelle que ce corps porte comme l'on dit qu'un champ est grevé d'une servitude de passage attachée aux champs voisins ? Quels sont les actes qui font naître ou cesser ce droit au corps du conjoint ? Peut-il renaître, et comment ? Invoquer le droit au corps de l'autre, c'est aussi, on le comprend alors, une autre façon de purifier les liens de la chair comme les alchimistes éliminent les scories de la matière. Et l'œuvre au noir des canonistes et des juges ouvre ainsi le vaste espace d'une casuistique dont l'étude nous prépare à mieux comprendre sans doute les méthodes et l'historicité du droit contemporain, mais aussi peut-être la préhistoire de nos sexualités.

Lupus in fabula : Six façon d'affabuler La Fontaine

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ISBN: 9782842927974 DOI: 10.4000/books.puv.2431 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Vincennes
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Soutenu par une discrète érudition, cet essai voudrait offrir une approche résolument ludique des Fables de La Fontaine : l’auteur n’y propose pas une nouvelle interprétation mais l’élaboration d’un mode de lecture, librement inspiré des jeux sérieux de l’Oulipo comme des théories sur la réécriture, qui suppose au sein d’une fable la production imaginaire de « fables possibles ». L’exercice est moins irrévérencieux qu’il n’y paraît : la loi même du genre veut qu’il y ait toujours dans une fable de quoi en faire une autre ; chaque fable étant elle-même le produit d’une réécriture, on voit mal qu’elle puisse interdire au lecteur de se livrer à son tour à un exercice de transformation. « Affabuler » les fables, c’est donc à la fois réfléchir sur les choix de La Fontaine entre plusieurs versions possibles de ses textes sources, et esquisser en retour quelques apologues nouveaux ; c’est aussi et surtout se rendre sensible à la « fabrique » même du dispositif fabulaire. En nous donnant à rêver, ou à écrire, les fables fantômes qui hantent les fables réelles, l’auteur découvre à nos yeux un La Fontaine finalement inédit – tout à la fois plus « gaillard » et plus politique que celui consacré par la tradition scolaire.

Keywords

affabulation --- chair --- dix-septième siècle --- fable --- gibier --- héron --- loup --- poisson --- singe --- écriture

La República de sabios. Profesores, cátedras y universidad en la Salamanca del siglo de Oro

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 1886-0710 ISBN: 9788413246246 Year: Volume: 53 Pages: 289 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 13:03:55
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In the year 1606, Gil González Dávila published one of the first books about the History of Salamanca. He spoke of the University as the "Republic of the wise men", a metaphor that described the importance of professors at that time. Precisely ‘The Republic of Sages. Professors, Chairs and University in the Salamanca of Golden Age’ is a monography that aims to draw the ins and outs of a group of intellectuals, the university professors, whose teaching life was developed at the time of greatest splendor of the Studio Salmanticensis. It is paradoxical that, despite having nurtured the international and timeless fame of the University of Salamanca, its faculty lacked a group study like the one now presented. Through historical research based on different sources and a double prosopographic and socioeconomic approach, the generation of professors between 1570 and 1600 is analyzed, although their projections are extended to other peninsular spaces and to a wider chronology, the reigns of Philipp II (1556-1598) and Philipp III (1598-1621). In short, this book seeks to explain the professor guild during the golden stage of the University of Salamanca, which, as alma mater, hosted and educated their children by providing the umbrella of a thriving institution. But, as in all families, relationships were not always harmonious; after all, although common features predominate, the stems are always different. In this sense, the faculty the University of Salamanca appears as a heterogeneous group that, however, is defined by its high academic background; a true "republic of wise men" whose diffuse voice in the past begins to be understood now.---En el año 1606, Gil González Dávila publicaba una de las primeras Historias de la ciudad de Salamanca. En ella hablaba de la Universidad como la “República de sabios”, una metáfora que describía la importancia del profesorado en ese momento. Precisamente La República de sabios. Profesores, cátedras y universidad en la Salamanca del siglo de Oro es una obra que pretende sacar los entresijos de un grupo de intelectuales, los profesores universitarios, cuyo desempeño docente se desarrolló en el momento de mayor esplendor del Estudio Salmantino. Resulta paradójico que, a pesar de haber nutrido la fama internacional y atemporal de la Universidad de Salamanca, su profesorado careciera de un estudio de grupo como el que ahora se presenta. A través de la investigación histórica basada en diferentes fuentes y un doble enfoque prosopográfico y socioeconómico, se analiza la generación de catedráticos entre 1570 y 1600, si bien sus proyecciones se amplían hacia otros espacios peninsulares y hacia una cronología más amplia, los reinados de Felipe II (1556-1598) y Felipe III (1598-1621). En definitiva, este libro pretende dar cuenta del gremio docente durante la etapa áurea de la Universidad de Salamanca, la cual, como alma mater, acogió y educó a sus hijos proporcionándoles el paraguas de una institución pujante. Pero, como en todas las familias, las relaciones no siempre eran armónicas; al fin y al cabo, aunque predominen unos rasgos comunes, los vástagos siempre son diferentes entre sí. En este sentido, el profesorado aparece como un grupo heterogéneo que, sin embargo, se define por su elevada formación académica; una verdadera “república de sabios” cuya voz difusa en otro tiempo comienza a entenderse ahora.

Wood Properties and Processing

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ISBN: 9783039288212 / 9783039288229 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-822-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Wood-based materials are CO2-neutral, renewable, and considered to be environmentally friendly. The huge variety of wood species and wood-based composites allows a wide scope of creative and esthetic alternatives to materials with higher environmental impacts during production, use and disposal. Quality of wood is influenced by the genetic and environmental factors. One of the emerging uses of wood are building and construction applications. Modern building and construction practices would not be possible without use of wood or wood-based composites. The use of composites enables using wood of lower quality for the production of materials with engineered properties for specific target applications. Even more, the utilization of such reinforcing particles as carbon nanotubes and nanocellulose enables development of a new generation of composites with even better properties. The positive aspect of decomposability of waste wood can turn into the opposite when wood or wood-based materials are exposed to weathering, moisture oscillations, different discolorations, and degrading organisms. Protective measures are therefore unavoidable for many outdoor applications. Resistance of wood against different aging factors is always a combined effect of toxic or inhibiting ingredients on the one hand, and of structural, anatomical, or chemical ways of excluding moisture on the other.

Keywords

artificial weathering --- blue staining fungi --- colour change --- natural weathering --- wood --- marketing --- material preference --- urban housing --- immigrants --- building culture background --- building material --- chemical changes --- colour changes --- infrared spectroscopy --- hardwoods --- roughness --- Douglas-fir --- lumber --- non-destructive testing --- modulus of elasticity (MOE) --- stiffness --- thinning --- silviculture --- wood based composites --- hybrid beams --- bending stiffness --- flexural rigidity --- aluminium reinforcements --- wooden windows --- end-product-based fiber attribute determinates --- longitudinal stress wave velocity --- mixed-effects hierarchical linear models --- predictive performance --- bamboo grid packing --- cooling packing --- cooling tower --- mechanical properties --- fungi --- bamboo --- heat treatment --- wood --- structural changes --- nondestructive testing --- ultrasound --- Euler-Bernoulli --- modulus of elasticity --- neural network --- high frequency drying --- moisture content --- wood --- brittleness --- density --- dynamic strength --- High-Energy Multiple Impact (HEMI)–test --- Resistance to Impact Milling (RIM) --- bamboo grid packing --- cooling packing --- cooling tower --- chemical composition --- elemental composition --- FTIR --- color --- tropical woods --- brown rot --- Coniophora puteana --- colour --- CIEL*a*b* system --- technological and product innovations --- cyclic loading --- laminated wood --- deflection at the limit of proportionality --- deflection at the modulus of rupture --- wood-processing industry performance --- orthotropic --- elastic constants --- green larch --- compression --- three-point bending --- coefficient of wood bendability --- laminated wood --- technological and product innovations --- minimal curve radius --- orthotropic --- tensile modulus --- tensile strength --- moisture content --- relative humidity --- glued lamella --- flexible chair --- weight of a user --- ultimate state --- volume yield --- European hardwoods --- low quality round wood --- strength grading --- glulam --- ultrasonic wave velocity measurement --- nondestructive assessment --- wood mechanical properties --- intra-ring variation --- dynamic modulus of elasticity --- Pinus massoniana Lamb. --- phenol formaldehyde resin --- wood impregnation --- wood properties --- cell-wall mechanics --- ultrasonic speed --- poplar seedlings --- acoustic resonance --- density --- microfibril angle --- root-collar diameter --- machinability --- Eucalyptus --- plantation timber --- fiber-managed hardwoods

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