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Lietuviškojo identiteto trajektorijos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9786094671432 Year: Pages: 188 p. Language: Lithuanian
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 09:52:13
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This is an anthropological-sociological study of Lithuanian identity contours that are affected by the globalization. Compilers of the book suggests to start to talk about the national identity with the assumption that there are and there were no single and invariable Lithuanian model, however, no matter how various and movable would be the forms of identities, the nation consists of them. This study is an attempt to answer to the question – what does it mean to be Lithuanian today, on the ground of research.

Character, Responsibility, and Well-Being: Influences on Mental Health and Constructive Behavior Patterns

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198221 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-822-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Character can be defined as self-aware knowledge that helps the individual to set goals, values and ethical principles (Cloninger, 2004). This meta-cognitive dimension of human personality involves ‘Theory of Mind’, and is positively related to measures of well-being, mental health, and constructive behavior patterns. Research from at least three different fields, cultural (Shweder, Much, Mahapatra & Park, 1997), personality (Cloninger, 2004), and social psychology (Abele & Wojcizke, 2007) suggest that character can be organized along three broad principles: agency, which is related to the autonomy and the fulfillment and enhancement of the self; communion, which is related to engagement in the protection and relations to others such as families, companies or nations; and spirituality, which is related to the human ability to transcend the self and find and interconnection with all life and appreciation of the whole world around us (Haidt, 2006; Cloninger, 2013). Using the Temperament and Character Inventory (Cloninger, Svrakic & Przybeck, 1993) researchers have found that agentic (i.e., Self-directedness) and communal (i.e., Cooperativeness) values are associated to high levels of happiness, psychological well-being, and less violent behavior. Moreover, low Self-directedness and Cooperativeness is recurrent among individuals with all types of mental health problems, such as, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorder, autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and et cetera. Spirituality, in coherence with agency and communion, guides the individual to seek self-realization in harmony with others and nature in the changing world (Cloninger, 2013). Seeing character as self-awareness of the self in three dimensions has also been associated to human responsibility and empowerment. This Research Topic will focus on all article types that put forward findings regarding:•Character as a protective factor against mental illness•Character’s association to conduct disorders and violent behavior•Character as a promoter of happiness, life satisfaction, and well-being•The etiology of character•Longitudinal studies on character•Agency, communion, and spirituality as broad dimensions for the conceptualization of positive measures of mental health•Innovative methods to measure or conceptualize character•Non-linear effects of character on mental health•Character as a measure/conceptualization of responsibility•Character in school and work place settings•Character in relation to empowerment.

11 Moral Neuroenhancement (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge handbook of neuroethics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138898295 9781315708652 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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In recent years, philosophers, neuroethicists, and others have become preoccupied with “moral enhancement.” Very roughly, this refers to the deliberate moral improvement of an individual’s character, motives, or behavior. In one sense, such enhancement could be seen as “nothing new at all” (Wiseman, 2016, 4) or as something philosophically mundane: as G. Owen Schaefer (2015) has stated, “Moral enhancement is an ostensibly laudable project. . . .

Simplicissimus, The German Adventurer

Authors: ---
ISBN: 097972922X 9780979729225 Year: Pages: 899 DOI: 10.7290/V7CC0XMP Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-06 16:19:52
License: Newfound Press

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20 The Relationship Between Stress and Samhandling (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch20 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"Military operations are very often accompanied by various levels of stress. This chapter aims to discuss the concepts and factors of stress and samhandling. The main factors are social support, self-efficacy, resilience and hardiness, implicit coordination, and character strengths. Individual factors are self-efficacy, resilience and hardiness, and character strengths. Team factors are social support, team efficacy, and implicit coordination. A model describing stress and samhandling, including the above-mentioned individual and team factors and their relations, is introduced and discussed. The conclusion is that four individual and two team factors are seen as important if one wishes to counteract the effects of stress and increase both the individual’s and the team’s ability to conduct samhandling when facing unforeseen incidents."

Morality and Nationalism

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Book Series: Routledge Innovations in Political Theory ISBN: 9780203086179 9780415378994 9780415599696 9781134182114 9781134182107 9781134182060 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203086179 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:17
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This book takes a unique approach to explore the moral foundations of nationalism. Drawing on nationalist writings and examining almost 200 years of nationalism in Ireland and Quebec, the author develops a theory of nationalism based on its role in representation. The study of nationalism has tended towards the construction of dichotomies – arguing, for example, that there are political and cultural, or civic and ethnic, versions of the phenomenon. However, as an object of moral scrutiny this bifurcation makes nationalism difficult to work with. The author draws on primary sources to see how nationalists themselves argued for their cause and examines almost two hundred years of nationalism in two well-known cases, Ireland and Quebec. The author identifies which themes, if any, are common across the various forms that nationalism can take and then goes on to develop a theory of nationalism based on its role in representation. This representation-based approach provides both a basis for the moral claim of nationalism while at the same time identifying grounds on which this claim can be evaluated and limited. It will be of strong interest to political theorists, especially those working on nationalism, multiculturalism and minority rights. The special focus in the book on the Irish and Quebec cases also makes it relevant reading for specialists in these fields as well as for other area studies where nationalism is an issue.

Keywords

claim --- representational --- resources --- nationalist --- argument --- character --- irish --- quebec --- cases --- margaret

Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean between the Future and the Past

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217748 / 9783039217755 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-775-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Landscapes have long been viewed as ‘multifunctional’, integrating ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical, and aesthetic dimensions. Landscape science and public awareness in Europe have been progressing in leaps and bounds. The challenges involved in landscape-related issues and fields, however, are multiple and refer to landscape stewardship and protection, as well as to the development of comprehensive theoretical and methodological approaches, in tandem with public sensitization and participatory governance and in coordination with appropriate top-down planning and policy instruments. Landscape-scale approaches are fundamental to the understanding of past and present cultural evolution, and are now considered to be an appropriate spatial framework for the analysis of sustainability. Methods and tools of landscape analysis and intervention have also gone a long way since their early development in Europe and the United States. Although significant progress has been made, there remain many issues which are understudied or not investigated at all—at least in a Mediterranean context. This Special Issue addresses the application of landscape theory and practice in the Eastern Mediterranean and mainly, but not exclusively, reports on the outcomes of an international conference held in Jordan, in December 2015, with the title “Landscapes of Eastern Mediterranean: Challenges, Opportunities, Prospects and Accomplishments”. The focus of this Special Issue, landscapes of the Eastern Mediterranean region, thus constitutes a timely area of research interest, not only because these landscapes have so far been understudied, but also as a rich site of strikingly variegated, long-standing multicultural human–environmental interactions. These interactions, resting on and taking shape through millennia of continuity in tradition, have been striving to adapt to technological advances, while currently juggling with manifold and multilayered socioeconomic and climate–environmental crises.

Topological Groups. Advances, Surveys, and Open Questions

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ISBN: 9783038976448 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-645-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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Following the tremendous reception of our first volume on topological groups called ""Topological Groups: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow"", we now present our second volume. Like the first volume, this collection contains articles by some of the best scholars in the world on topological groups. A feature of the first volume was surveys, and we continue that tradition in this volume with three new surveys. These surveys are of interest not only to the expert but also to those who are less experienced. Particularly exciting to active researchers, especially young researchers, is the inclusion of over three dozen open questions. This volume consists of 11 papers containing many new and interesting results and examples across the spectrum of topological group theory and related topics. Well-known researchers who contributed to this volume include Taras Banakh, Michael Megrelishvili, Sidney A. Morris, Saharon Shelah, George A. Willis, O'lga V. Sipacheva, and Stephen Wagner.

Memristors for Neuromorphic Circuits and Artificial Intelligence Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285761 / 9783039285778 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-577-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found many applications in the past decade due to the ever increasing computing power. Artificial Neural Networks are inspired in the brain structure and consist in the interconnection of artificial neurons through artificial synapses. Training these systems requires huge amounts of data and, after the network is trained, it can recognize unforeseen data and provide useful information. The so-called Spiking Neural Networks behave similarly to how the brain functions and are very energy efficient. Up to this moment, both spiking and conventional neural networks have been implemented in software programs running on conventional computing units. However, this approach requires high computing power, a large physical space and is energy inefficient. Thus, there is an increasing interest in developing AI tools directly implemented in hardware. The first hardware demonstrations have been based on CMOS circuits for neurons and specific communication protocols for synapses. However, to further increase training speed and energy efficiency while decreasing system size, the combination of CMOS neurons with memristor synapses is being explored. The memristor is a resistor with memory which behaves similarly to biological synapses. This book explores the state-of-the-art of neuromorphic circuits implementing neural networks with memristors for AI applications.

Keywords

memristor --- artificial synapse --- neuromorphic computing --- memristor-CMOS hybrid circuit --- temporal pooling --- sensory and hippocampal responses --- cortical neurons --- hierarchical temporal memory --- neocortex --- memristor-CMOS hybrid circuit --- defect-tolerant spatial pooling --- boost-factor adjustment --- memristor crossbar --- neuromorphic hardware --- memristor --- compact model --- emulator --- neuromorphic --- synapse --- STDP --- pavlov --- neuromorphic systems --- spiking neural networks --- memristors --- spike-timing-dependent plasticity --- RRAM --- vertical RRAM --- neuromorphics --- neural network hardware --- reinforcement learning --- AI --- neuromorphic computing --- multiscale modeling --- memristor --- optimization --- RRAM --- simulation --- memristors --- neuromorphic engineering --- OxRAM --- self-organization maps --- synaptic device --- memristor --- neuromorphic computing --- artificial intelligence --- hardware-based deep learning ICs --- circuit design --- memristor --- RRAM --- variability --- time series modeling --- autocovariance --- graphene oxide --- laser --- memristor --- crossbar array --- neuromorphic computing --- wire resistance --- synaptic weight --- character recognition --- neuromorphic computing --- Flash memories --- memristive devices --- resistive switching --- synaptic plasticity --- artificial neural network --- spiking neural network --- pattern recognition --- strongly correlated oxides --- resistive switching --- neuromorphic computing --- transistor-like devices --- artificial intelligence --- neural networks --- resistive switching --- memristive devices --- deep learning networks --- spiking neural networks --- electronic synapses --- crossbar array --- pattern recognition

Current Trends in Symmetric Polynomials with their Applications

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ISBN: 9783039216208 9783039216215 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-621-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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This Special Issue presents research papers on various topics within many different branches of mathematics, applied mathematics, and mathematical physics. Each paper presents mathematical theories, methods, and their application based on current and recently developed symmetric polynomials. Also, each one aims to provide the full understanding of current research problems, theories, and applications on the chosen topics and includes the most recent advances made in the area of symmetric functions and polynomials.

Keywords

Fubini polynomials --- w-torsion Fubini polynomials --- fermionic p-adic integrals --- symmetric identities --- Chebyshev polynomials --- sums of finite products --- hypergeometric function --- Fubini polynomials --- Euler numbers --- symmetric identities --- elementary method --- computational formula --- two variable q-Berstein polynomial --- two variable q-Berstein operator --- q-Euler number --- q-Euler polynomial --- Fubini polynomials --- Euler numbers --- congruence --- elementary method --- q-Bernoulli numbers --- q-Bernoulli polynomials --- two variable q-Bernstein polynomials --- two variable q-Bernstein operators --- p-adic integral on ?p --- the degenerate gamma function --- the modified degenerate gamma function --- the degenerate Laplace transform --- the modified degenerate Laplace transform --- Fibonacci --- Lucas --- linear form in logarithms --- continued fraction --- reduction method --- sums of finite products of Chebyshev polynomials of the third and fourth kinds --- Hermite --- generalized Laguerre --- Legendre --- Gegenbauer --- Jacobi --- third-order character --- classical Gauss sums --- rational polynomials --- analytic method --- recursive formula --- fermionic p-adic q-integral on ?p --- q-Euler polynomials --- q-Changhee polynomials --- symmetry group --- Apostol-type Frobenius–Euler polynomials --- three-variable Hermite polynomials --- symmetric identities --- explicit relations --- operational connection --- q-Volkenborn integral on ?p --- Bernoulli numbers and polynomials --- generalized Bernoulli polynomials and numbers of arbitrary complex order --- generalized Bernoulli polynomials and numbers attached to a Dirichlet character ? --- Changhee polynomials --- Changhee polynomials of type two --- fermionic p-adic integral on ?p --- Chebyshev polynomials of the first, second, third, and fourth kinds --- sums of finite products --- representation --- catalan numbers --- elementary and combinatorial methods --- recursive sequence --- convolution sums --- well-posedness --- stability --- acoustic wave equation --- perfectly matched layer --- Fibonacci polynomials --- Lucas polynomials --- trivariate Fibonacci polynomials --- trivariate Lucas polynomials --- generating functions --- central incomplete Bell polynomials --- central complete Bell polynomials --- central complete Bell numbers --- Legendre polynomials --- Laguerre polynomials --- generalized Laguerre polynomials --- Gegenbauer polynomials --- hypergeometric functions 1F1 and 2F1 --- Euler polynomials --- Bernoulli polynomials --- elementary method --- identity --- congruence --- new sequence --- Catalan numbers --- elementary and combinatorial methods --- congruence --- conjecture --- fluctuation theorem --- thermodynamics of information --- stochastic thermodynamics --- mutual information --- non-equilibrium free energy --- entropy production

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