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Demystifying Climate Models: A Users Guide to Earth System Models

Authors: ---
Book Series: Earth Systems Data and Models ISSN: 2364-5830 ISBN: 9783662489574 9783662489598 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 274 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48959-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:27:33
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This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.

Structural Analysis and Renovation Design of Ageing Sewers. Design Theories and Case Studies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110471748 9783110471915 Year: Pages: xiv, 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471748 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Mechanical Engineering --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:54:22
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In Japan, as a large number of sewer lines approach and exceed their design service life, rehabilitation of these ageing sewers to ensure their safe operation and upgrade their functions gains urgence. In this pioneering work, Z. Shi, M. Nakano and Y. Takahashi present a systematic treatment of structural analysis and renovation design of ageing sewers as semi-composite pipes, including testing and construction guidelines. The concept of a semi-composite pipe and the application of fracture mechanics of concrete in numerical modelling are the two distinctive features of the established design theories, which have been employed for sewer renovation in Japan for more than 20 years, with the total length of renovation construction now exceeding 700 km. The leading authors have engaged in designing the renovation of ageing sewers since the mid 1990s, and the book will become a valuable reference work for sewer engineers worldwide, and academics and students in civil, urban and architectural engineering departments.

Geoscience and Remote Sensing New Achievements

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789537619978 Year: Pages: 516 DOI: 10.5772/214 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Our planet is nowadays continuously monitored by powerful remote sensors operating in wide portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Our capability of acquiring detailed information on the environment has been revolutionized by revealing its inner structure, morphology and dynamical changes. The way we now observe and study the evolution of the Earth&rsquo;s status has even radically influenced our perception and conception of the world we live in. The aim of this book is to bring together contributions from experts to present new research results and prospects of the future developments in the area of geosciences and remote sensing; emerging research directions are discussed. The volume consists of twenty-six chapters, encompassing both theoretical aspects and application-oriented studies. An unfolding perspective on various current trends in this extremely rich area is offered. The book chapters can be categorized along different perspectives, among others, use of active or passive sensors, employed technologies and configurations, considered scenario on the Earth, scientific research area involved in the studies.

Remote Sensing of Environment - Integrated Approaches

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ISBN: 9789535111528 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.5772/3337 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book covers the latest developments in remote sensing theory and applications by numerous researchers, experts and collaborators of the Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Lab of the Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics of the Cyprus University of Technology. The main highlight of this book is combination of several techniques such as satellite remote sensing, field spectroscopy, smart sensors, ground techniques for achieving an integrated method for the systematic monitoring of the environment.

High Performance Concrete Technology and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126508 9789535126515 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/61562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Concrete is widely used because of its versatility, affordability, and availability of raw materials, strength, and durability. Urban development that took place through the world in the last few decades yielded significant developments for concrete technology. The term high-performance concrete (HPC) is relatively new, and it refers to many properties such as strength, durability, sound and heat insulation, waterproofing, and side advantages such as air purification, self-cleaning, etc. Researchers and engineers are constantly working for improving concrete properties. This book provides the state of the art on recent progress in the high-performance concrete applications written by researchers and experts of the field. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in related fields.

Structural Bridge Engineering

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789535126881 9789535126898 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.5772/61683 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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There are many books on preliminary studies and research in bridge design as well as basic knowledge on bridge engineering, but most books supply the needs of practicing engineers who may have problems in estimating, designing or constructing suspension bridges. Therefore, this book is intended to serve as a source of information for problems related to bridge engineering including sustainable bridge development, traditional approaches and recent advances in highway bridge traffic loading, aesthetic analysis issues in designing a new bridge, applications of various methods for the dissipation of seismic energy for bridges, new technologies of bridge design as well as structural identification of bridges using non-destructive experimental measurement tests.

Current Perspective on Irrigation and Drainage

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535129516 9789535129523 9789535141051 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.5772/63177 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book was designed to be a comprehensive review of selected topics related to irrigation and drainage. Readers will find themes such as salinity control, decision support systems, subsurface drainage, irrigation scheduling in nurseries, irrigation with municipal wastewater, and sustainable drainage systems. These topics and pursuant discussions are expected to be very fruitful in the continuing debate on global food security.

Wood in Civil Engineering

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ISBN: 9789535129851 9789535129868 9789535141075 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.5772/63178 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Wood is a natural building material: if used in building elements, it can play structural, functional and aesthetic roles at the same time. The use of wood in buildings, which goes back to the oldest of times, is now experiencing a period of strong expansion in virtue of the sustainable dimension of wood buildings from the environmental, economic and social standpoints. However, its use as an engineering material calls for constant development of theoretical and experimental research to respond properly to the issues involved in this. In the single chapters written by experts in different fields, the book aims to contribute to knowledge in the application of wood in the building industry.

Highway Engineering

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ISBN: 9789535136699 9789535136705 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68229 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Highway engineering is an engineering discipline branching from civil engineering that involves the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of roads, bridges, and tunnels to ensure safe and effective transportation of people and goods. The book Highway Engineering includes the main topics and the basic principles of highway engineering and provides the full scope of current information necessary for effective and cost-conscious contemporary highway. The book reflects new engineering and building developments, the most current design methods, as well as the latest industry standards and policies. This book provides a comprehensive overview of significant characteristics for highway engineering. It highlights recent advancements, requirements, and improvements and details the latest techniques in the global market. Highway Engineering contains a collection of the latest research developments on highway engineering. This book comprehensively covers the basic theory and practice in sufficient depth to provide a solid grounding to highway engineers. This book helps readers maximize effectiveness in all facets of highway engineering. This professional book as a credible source and a valuable reference can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, engineers, practicing professionals, trainee practitioners, students, and others interested in highway projects.

Bridge Engineering

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ISBN: 9781789231045 9781789231052 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70024 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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A bridge is a structure built to span the physical obstacles without closing the way underneath, such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing the passage over the obstacle. Bridge engineering is an engineering discipline branching from civil engineering that involves the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of bridges to ensure safe and effective transportation of vehicles, people and goods. This book Bridge Engineering includes the main topics and the basic principles of bridge engineering and provides the full scope of current information necessary for effective and cost-conscious contemporary bridge. It reflects new engineering and building developments, the most current design methods, and the latest industry standards and policies. It provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for bridge engineering. It highlights the recent advancements, requirements, improvements, and details of the latest techniques in the global market. It contains a collection of the latest research developments on the bridge engineering. It comprehensively covers the basic theory and practice in sufficient depth to provide a solid grounding to bridge engineers. It helps readers to maximize effectiveness in all facets of bridge engineering. This professional book as a credible source and a valuable reference can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, engineers, practicing professionals, trainee practitioners, students and others who are interested in the bridge projects.

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