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Paris Climate Agreement: Beacon of Hope

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Springer Climate ISSN: 2352-0698 ISBN: 9783319469386 9783319469393 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46939-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 13:15:09
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This volume presents an Empirical Model of Global Climate developed by the authors and uses that model to show that global warming will likely remain below 2ºC, relative to preindustrial, throughout this century provided: a) both the unconditional and conditional Paris INDC commitments are followed; b) the emission reductions needed to achieve the Paris INDCs are carried forward to 2060 and beyond.The first section of the book provides a short overview of Earth’s climate system, describing and contrasting climatic changes throughout the planet’s history and anthropogenic changes post-Industrial Revolution. The second section describes the climate model developed by the authors (Canty et al., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2013) and contrasts the model with climate models used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2013 Report. Chapter 3 examines both the unconditional (i.e., firm commitments) and conditional Paris INDCs (commitments contingent on financial flow and/or technology transfer) through the lens of their climate model and concludes that if all of the Paris INDCs are followed, then they are indeed a beacon of hope for Earth’s climate. The fourth part of the book offers a perspective of energy needs and subsequent emissions reductions required to meet the Paris temperature goals, illuminating challenges faced both in the developing world and the developed world.Throughout the book, easy-to-understand charts and graphics illustrate concepts. The scientific basis of Chapters 2 and 3 was first presented in a keynote session of the 96th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society in January, 2016.

Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being ISSN: 2364107X ISBN: 9789812874191 9789812874207 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-420-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-02 18:08:05
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This book looks at the major policy challenges facing developing Asia and how the region sustains rapid economic growth to reduce multidimensional poverty through socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable measures. Asia is facing many challenges arising from population growth, rapid urbanization, provision of services, climate change and the need to redress declining growth after the global financial crisis. This book examines poverty and related issues and aims to advance the development of new tools and measurement of multidimensional poverty and poverty reduction policy analysis. The book covers a wide range of issues, including determinants and causes of poverty and its changes; consequences and impacts of poverty on human capital formation, growth and consumption; assessment of poverty strategies and policies; the role of government, NGOs and other institutions in poverty reduction; rural-urban migration and poverty; vulnerability to poverty; breakdown of poverty into chronic and transitory components; and a comparative study on poverty issues in Asia and other regions. The book will appeal to all those interested in economic development, resources, policies and economic welfare and growth.

Governance for Drought Resilience: Land and Water Drought Management in Europe

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319296692 9783319296715 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29671-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:05:30
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This book presents the findings of a team of scientists and practitioners who have been working on the project “Benefits of Governance in Drought Adaptation” (in short: the DROP project), which is included in the European Union’s INTERREG IVB NWE programme. The DROP governance team developed a Governance Assessment Tool (GAT), which allows the governance setting of a given region for planning and realizing drought adaptation measures to be assessed. Based on this assessment, recommendations can be developed for regional water authorities concerning how to operate most effectively towards increased drought resilience in this context. The GAT has been applied to six regions in Northwest Europe: Twente and Salland in the Netherlands, Eifel-Ruhr in Germany, Brittany in France, Somerset in the United Kingdom, and Flanders in Belgium. These regions are subject to drought aspects related to nature, agriculture and freshwater. This book will aid regional water authorities and other relevant stakeholders interested in governance assessment, whether that context is about water, more specifically about drought or flooding events, or other environmental issues. Further, the GAT can and has also been applied more broadly to a range of governance contexts for water management and beyond.

Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies ISSN: 2213784X ISBN: 9783642341373 9783642341380 Year: Pages: 69 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34138-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Transportation --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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This book summarizes results of longstanding research and scientific contributions from many projects and relevant working groups. It collects and evaluates wind and wave climate projections under changing climate having design needs and marine safety in focus. Potential impact of projected climate change in met-ocean conditions on ships and offshore structures is discussed and illustrated by an example of the expected wave climate change on tanker design.

Beyond the Limits to Growth

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Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISSN: 21977356 ISBN: 9784431545583 9784431545590 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54559-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Biotechnology --- Chemical Engineering --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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At a time when contemporary challenges seem to many to be insurmountable, this book offers an optimistic view of the future and provides a road map for societies to get there. Drawing upon extensive research and many years as a thought leader in environmental and sustainability issues in Japan and internationally, Hiroshi Komiyama analyzes the most pressing challenges to the attainment of sustainability of economically advanced nations and argues forcefully for Japan to lead them out of the present dilemma through active promotion of creative consumer and societal demand. He shows how an active industry–government–academic partnership can provide the environment needed to promote such new creative demand and illustrates its potential through presentation of a Platinum Society Network that was launched on a regional basis in Japan in 2010 to facilitate the solution of common issues through the exchange of information and ideas. What is perhaps most surprising about the text is its unwavering optimism supported by hard evidence, history, and insightful observation. Problems arising from new paradigms of the 21st century (what the author refers to as “exploding knowledge, limited Earth resources, and aging societies“) thwart sustainable development in advanced and developing countries alike. All countries will struggle with issues that evolve from these paradigms including diminishing resources, expanding budget deficits, and growing global environmental problems. This window on potential practical pathways and solutions should be of interest to all those engaged in seeking ways to meet these contemporary challenges.

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