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France in the South Pacific: Power and Politics

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ISBN: 9781922144942 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459945 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-02 13:14:04
License: ANU Press

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France is a Pacific power, with three territories, a military presence, and extensive investments. Once seen by many as a colonial interloper in the South Pacific, by the early 2000s, after it ended nuclear testing in French Polynesia and negotiated transitional Accords responding to independence demands in New Caledonia, France seems to have become generally accepted as a regional partner, even if its efforts concentrate on its own territories rather than the independent island states. But France’s future in the region has yet to be secured. By 2014 it is to have handed over a set of agreed autonomies to the New Caledonian government, before an independence referendum process begins. Past experience suggests that a final resolution of the status of New Caledonia will be divisive and could lead once again to violent confrontations. In French Polynesia, calls continue for independence and for treatment under UN decolonisation procedures, which France opposes. Other island leaders are watching, so far putting faith in the Noumea Accord, but wary of the final stages. The issues and possible solutions are more complex than the French Pacific island population of 515,000 would suggest.&#xD;&#xD;Combining historical background with political and economic analysis, this comprehensive study offers vital insight into the intricate history – and problematic future – of several of Australia’s key neighbours in the Pacific and to the priorities and options of the European country that still rules them. It is aimed at policy-makers, scholars, journalists, businesspeople, and others who want to familiarise themselves with the issues as France’s role in the region is redefined in the years to come.

A New Rival State?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760462284 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.22459/NRS.10.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
License: ANU Press

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"A New Rival State? is a unique collection of dispatches written in 1857–1917 by the Russian consuls in Melbourne to the Imperial Russian Embassy in London and the Russian Foreign Ministry in St Petersburg. Written by eight consuls, they offer a Russian view of the development of the settler colonies in the late nineteenth century and the first years of the federated Commonwealth of Australia. They cover the federalist movement, the changing domestic political situation, labour politics, the treatment of the Indigenous population, the ‘White Australia’ policy, Australia’s defensive capacity and foreign policy as part of the British Empire.&#xD;The bulk of the material is drawn from the Russian-language collection The Russian Consular Service in Australia 1857–1917, edited by Alexander Massov and Marina Pollard (2014), using documents from the archive of the Russian Foreign Ministry."&#xD;

Keywords

History --- Colonial history --- Australia --- Russia

Brokers and boundaries. Colonial exploration in indigenous territory

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460112 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610748 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Geography --- Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:07
License: ANU Press

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Colonial exploration continues, all too often, to be rendered as heroic narratives of solitary, intrepid explorers and adventurers. This edited collection contributes to scholarship that is challenging that persistent mythology. With a focus on Indigenous brokers, such as guides, assistants and mediators, it highlights the ways in which nineteenth-century exploration in Australia and New Guinea was a collective and socially complex enterprise. Many of the authors provide biographically rich studies that carefully examine and speculate about Indigenous brokers’ motivations, commitments and desires. All of the chapters in the collection are attentive to the specific local circumstances as well as broader colonial contexts in which exploration and encounters occurred. This collection breaks new ground in its emphasis on Indigenous agency and Indigenous–explorer interactions. It will be of value to historians and others for a very long time. Professor Ann Curthoys, University of Sydney. In bringing together this group of authors, the editors have brought to histories of colonialism the individuality of these intermediaries, whose lives intersected colonial exploration in Australia and New Guinea. Dr Jude Philp, Macleay Museum.

Cleanliness and culture: Indonesian histories

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183758 9789004253612 Year: Volume: 272 Pages: xii+204 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_403202 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:18:40
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Recent years have shown an increase in interest in the study of cleanliness from a historical and sociological perspective. Many of such studies on bathing and washing, on keeping the body and the streets clean, and on filth and the combat of dirt, focus on Europe. In Cleanliness and culture attention shifts to the tropics, to Indonesia, in colonial times as well as in the present. Subjects range from the use of soap and the washing of clothes as a pretext to claim superiority of race and class to how references to being clean played a role in a campaign against European homosexuals in the Netherlands Indies at the end of the 1930s. Other topics are eerie skin diseases and the sanitary measures to eliminate them, and how misconceptions about lack of hygiene as the cause of illness hampered the finding&#xD;of a cure. Attention is also drawn to differences in attitude towards performing personal body functions outdoors and retreating to the privacy of the bathroom, to traditional bathing ritual and to the modern tropical Spa culture as a manifestation of a New Asian lifestyle.&#xD;With contributions by Bart Barendregt, Marieke Bloembergen, Kees van Dijk, Mary Somers Heidhues, David Henley, George Quinn, and Jean Gelman Taylor.

The Globalization of Knowledge in the Iberian Colonial World

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Book Series: Proceedings 10: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561072 Year: Pages: 322 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 10:37:43
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This volume investigates processes of knowledge formation in the Iberian colonies by attempting to understand the Spanish and Portuguese contribution to the European scientific tradition, and by tracing the origins and history of this knowledge to find out how it was gained. The studies in this volume reconsider our understanding of what scientific knowledge is and introduce a variety of scientific cultures of European and non-European origin. They examine the mixing processes of scientific cultures and the role these cultures played in the colonial situation at the intersection of non-human processes and human action. The volume brings together contributions in the history of botany, art, materia medica, translation in the religious sphere of colonial missions as well as mining as a scientific, juridical and industrial endeavor.

Race, Tea and Colonial Resettlement

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ISBN: 9781474299503 781474299527 781474299510 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102552
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:03
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Historian Jane McCabe leads us through a compelling research journey that began with uncovering the story of her own grandmother, Lorna Peters, one of 130 adolescents resettled in New Zealand under the scheme between 1908 and 1938. Using records from the ‘Homes’ in Kalimpong and in-depth interviews with other descendants in New Zealand, she crafts a compelling, evocative, and unsentimental yet moving narrative - one that not only brings an untold part of imperial history to light, but also transforms previously broken and hushed family histories into an extraordinary collective story. This book attends to both the affective dimension of these traumatic familial disruptions, and to the larger economic and political drivers that saw government and missionary schemes breaking up Anglo-Indian families - schemes that relied on future forgetting.

Les arabisants et la France coloniale. 1780-1930 : Savants, conseillers, médiateurs

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ISBN: 9782847887204 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.3705 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’orientalisme des arabisants français, fortement controversé pour son implication dans la politique d’expansion coloniale, n’avait pas encore été l’objet d’une enquête historique fouillée. A travers une analyse de leurs carrières, de leurs publications et de leurs prises de position, l’ouvrage restitue les enjeux savants et politiques de leur action, inscrite dans le contexte culturel général d’un large XIXe siècle. Il permet de réapprécier l’intérêt d’auteurs souvent oubliés, qui ont à la fois travaillé à la constitution d’un patrimoine arabe et musulman et participé à la mise en œuvre d’un projet impérial aux effets destructeurs.

Van Batavia naar Weltevreden; Het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappan, 1778-1867

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182935 9789004253803 Year: Volume: 243 Pages: xi + 579 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377414 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences (Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen), was founded in 1778 to become the predecessor of the National Library and National Museum of the Republik Indonesia. It was considered to be the most important cultural and scholarly organization of the Netherlands East Indies in the time of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and the colonial period. This studie pays attention to the foundation, programme and area of interest of the Society, also to its members, organization, growth, decline and resurrection, but most of all to the relation with the government of a formally private enterprise, that sometimes seemed to become part of the governmental structure.&#xD;The archives of the Society are kept in the National Archives of the Republik Indonesia. Since 1878, they have only scarcely been available to scholars from outside of the Society. They have, however, proven to be of great importance to historians, linguists, and anthropologists.

Healers on the colonial market; Native doctors and midwives in the Dutch East Indies

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183826 9789004253575 Year: Volume: 276 Pages: X, 376 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_400271 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:18:40
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Healers on the colonial market is one of the few studies on the Dutch East Indies from a postcolonial perspective. It provides an&#xD;enthralling addition to research on both the history of the Dutch&#xD;East Indies and the history of colonial medicine. This book will be&#xD;of interest to historians, historians of science and medicine, and&#xD;anthropologists.&#xD;&#xD;How successful were the two medical training programmes&#xD;established in Jakarta by the colonial government in 1851? One&#xD;was a medical school for Javanese boys, and the other a school&#xD;for midwives for Javanese girls, and the graduates were supposed&#xD;to replace native healers, the dukun. However, the indigenous&#xD;population was not prepared to use the services of these doctors and&#xD;midwives. Native doctors did in fact prove useful as vaccinators&#xD;and assistant doctors, but the school for midwives was closed in&#xD;1875. Even though there were many horror stories of mistakes made&#xD;during dukun-assisted deliveries, the school was not reopened, and&#xD;instead a handful of girls received practical training from European&#xD;physicians. Under the Ethical Policy there was more attention for&#xD;the welfare of the indigenous population and the need for doctors&#xD;increased. More native boys received medical training and went to&#xD;work as general practitioners. Nevertheless, not everybody accepted&#xD;these native doctors as the colleagues of European physicians.&#xD;&#xD;Liesbeth Hesselink (1943) received a PhD in the history of medicine&#xD;from the University of Amsterdam in 2009. She has had a career in&#xD;education and in politics. In addition she has published articles on&#xD;prostitution and the medical history of the Dutch East Indies.

Lords of the land, lords of the sea; Conflict and adaptation in early colonial Timor, 1600-1800

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183789 9789004253506 Year: Volume: 273 Pages: xvi+479 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_408241 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:18:40
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European traders and soldiers established a foothold on Timor in the course of the seventeenth century, motivated by the quest for the commercially vital sandalwood and the intense competition between the Dutch and the Portuguese. Lords of the land, lords of the sea focuses on two centuries of contacts between the indigenous polities on Timor and the early colonials, and covers the period 1600-1800. In contrast with most previous studies, the book treats Timor as a historical region in its own right, using a wide array of Dutch, Portuguese and other original sources, which are compared with the comprehensive corpus of oral tradition recorded on the island. From this rich material, a lively picture emerges of life and death in early Timorese society, the forms of trade, slavery, warfare, alliances, social life, and so forth. The investigation demonstrates that the European groups, although having a role as ordering political forces, were only part of the political landscape of Timor. They relied on alliances where the distinction between ally and vassal was moot, and led to frequent conflicts and uprisings. During a slow and complicated process, the often turbulent political conditions involving Europeans, Eurasians, and Timorese polities, paved the way for the later division of Timor into two spheres of roughly equal size.&#xD;Hans Hägerdal (1960) is a Senior Lecturer in History at the Linnaeus University, Sweden.&#xD;He has written extensively on East and Southeast Asian history. Among his publications is Hindu rulers, Muslim subjects: Lombok and Bali in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (2001).

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