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Die Stellung der Frau in der afghanischen Verfassungsordnung im Spannungsverhältnis zwischen islamischem Recht und Völkerrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Scheidungsrechts

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Öffentlichen Recht ISBN: 9783863951481 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-777 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-30 11:01:10
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After the fall of the Taliban, the new Afghan constitution of 2004 marks a fundamental beginning for the status of women – at least from a normative perspective. Art. 22 of the Afghan constitution contains: “The citizens of Afghanistan, man and woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.” According to Art. 7 of the constitution the state shall observe i. a. the international treaties to which Afghanistan has joined. This also covers the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. At the same time, Art. 3 of the constitution provides that no law should contravene the tenets and provisions of the holy religion of Islam in Afghanistan. But how do these different sources of law interact in conflicting legal fields? There are no exiting provisions of the constitution explicitly offering an answer to this problem. This work focuses on the solution of this question regarding the status of women, especially in the law of divorce.

Estudos de Direito Internacional privado da União Europeia

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Book Series: Ensino ISBN: 9789892611747 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1175-4 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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After the entry into force of the Amsterdam Treaty (1999), and developing the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice created at that time, the European Union institutions approved a set of Union law acts on private international law (conflict of laws and conflicts of jurisdiction). One may therefore speak of a european private international law, whose dispositions, in the matters covered by them, replace the application of the corresponding rules created by the Member States. The present work, besides placing that normative creation of the Union in the respective context, examines some of the most relevant among those acts (on contractual obligations, extracontractual obligations, maintenance obligations, divorce and legal separation, succession and jurisdiction and recognition of decisions in civil and commercial matters), and includes also an essay on the jurisprudential trends of the European Court of Justice with relevance to this field of the law.

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