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Narrating, Doing, Experiencing

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789518580648 9789517467261 9789518580631 Year: Pages: 187 DOI: 10.21435/sff.16 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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How do people tell of experiences, things and events that mean a lot to them and are unforgettable? Eight Nordic folklorists here examine personal experience stories and the way they are narrated in an attempt to gain an understanding of the people behind them and to reveal how these people handle their history, their lives and their cultural memory. All the articles are based on interviews and narrator-researcher collaboration. The stories tell about birth, sickness and miraculous cures, intergenerational relations, war, and matters not normally talked about. The analyses complement one another and the work may be used as a university course book.

Talk in interaction: Comparative dimensions

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Linguistica ISBN: 9789522221346 9789522227843 9789522227836 Year: Pages: 317 DOI: 10.21435/sflin.14 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:48
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"During the recent decades Conversation Analysis has developed into a distinctive method for analyzing talk in interaction. The method is utilized in several disciplines sharing an interest in social interaction, like anthropology, linguistics, social psychology, and sociology, and it has been applied to a great variety of languages and types of interaction. Conversation Analysis then is coming of age as a truly comparative enterprise. This volume presents and discusses comparative approaches to analyzing interactional practices and structures. The contributors to the volume have their background in sociology, linguistics, and logopedics. They offer comparative analyses of activity types, participant roles and identities, displays of emotion, and design of actions such as questions and corrections. The languages covered by the chapters include English, Finnish, German, and Swedish. This volume is of interest to all those interested in the research of language and social interaction. Because of its methodological nature, the book can also be utilized in teaching and in learning the discovery procedures typical of Conversation Analysis.
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Les prédiscours

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ISBN: 9782878543513 9782878547054 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 15:08:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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La communication verbale repose en partie sur des savoirs et croyances partagés, et nombreuses sont les théories linguistiques qui les intègrent à leur modèle, en particulier dans le champ du discours. La question du sens préalable est en effet cruciale dans les linguistiques du texte, du discours et de l’interaction, qui prennent en compte les contextes des productions langagières. Mais qu’en est-il exactement de la forme de ces connaissances préalables, de leur contribution à l’élaboration ...

Turn-Taking in Human Communicative Interaction

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISBN: 9782889198252 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-825-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA Grant: Max Planck Gesellschaft
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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The core use of language is in face-to-face conversation. This is characterized by rapid turn-taking. This turn-taking poses a number central puzzles for the psychology of language. Consider, for example, that in large corpora the gap between turns is on the order of 100 to 300 ms, but the latencies involved in language production require minimally between 600ms (for a single word) or 1500 ms (for as simple sentence). This implies that participants in conversation are predicting the ends of the incoming turn and preparing in advance. But how is this done? What aspects of this prediction are done when? What happens when the prediction is wrong? What stops participants coming in too early? If the system is running on prediction, why is there consistently a mode of 100 to 300 ms in response time? 

The timing puzzle raises further puzzles: it seems that comprehension must run parallel with the preparation for production, but it has been presumed that there are strict cognitive limitations on more than one central process running at a time. How is this bottleneck overcome? Far from being 'easy' as some psychologists have suggested, conversation may be one of the most demanding cognitive tasks in our everyday lives. Further questions naturally arise: how do children learn to master this demanding task, and what is the developmental trajectory in this domain? 

Research shows that aspects of turn-taking such as its timing are remarkably stable across languages and cultures, but the word order of languages varies enormously. How then does prediction of the incoming turn work when the verb (often the informational nugget in a clause) is at the end? Conversely, how can production work fast enough in languages that have the verb at the beginning, thereby requiring early planning of the whole clause? What happens when one changes modality, as in sign languages -- with the loss of channel constraints is turn-taking much freer? And what about face-to-face communication amongst hearing individuals -- do gestures, gaze, and other body behaviors facilitate turn-taking? One can also ask the phylogenetic question: how did such a system evolve? There seem to be parallels (analogies) in duetting bird species, and in a variety of monkey species, but there is little evidence of anything like this among the great apes. 

All this constitutes a neglected set of problems at the heart of the psychology of language and of the language sciences. This research topic welcomes contributions from right across the board, for example from psycholinguists, developmental psychologists, students of dialogue and conversation analysis, linguists interested in the use of language, phoneticians, corpus analysts and comparative ethologists or psychologists. We welcome contributions of all sorts, for example original research papers, opinion pieces, and reviews of work in subfields that may not be fully understood in other subfields.

Comprendre et apprendre dans l’interaction. Les séquences d’explication en classe de français langue seconde

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Book Series: Linguistic Insights ISBN: 9783034314510 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0351-0641-1 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 170336
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-03 11:01:06
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This book is about the organization of explanation sequences in classes of French as a second language. It provides a description of how these sequences are organized, an inventory of resources mobilized by students to ask and give explanations, as well as a reflection on learning opportunities for students.

Konversation und Geselligkeit

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Book Series: Lettre ISBN: 9783839444290 9783837644296 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.14361/9783839444290 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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Abstract

Based on the field of experience of ideality and reality, Karin Schulz develops a history of behavior diagnostics concerning French parlor conversation.

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