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Converts of Conviction. Faith and Scepticism in Nineteenth Century European Jewish Society

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Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 2569-0523 ISBN: 9783110530797 9783110530858 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: vi, 109 DOI: 10.1515/9783110530797 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 12:59:22
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Abstract

The study of Jewish converts to Christianity in the modern era has long been marginalized in Jewish historiography. Labeled disparagingly in the Jewish tradition as meshumadim (apostates), many earlier Jewish scholars treated these individuals in a negative light or generally ignored them as not properly belonging any longer to the community and its historical legacy. This situation has radically changed in recent years with an outpouring of new studies on converts in variegated times and places, culminating perhaps in the most recent synthesis of modern Jewish converts by Todd Endelman in 2015.While Endelman argues that most modern converts left the Jewish fold for economic, social, or political reasons, he does acknowledge the presence of those who chose to convert for ideological and spiritual motives. The purpose of this volume is to consider more fully the latter group, perhaps the most interesting from the perspective of Jewish intellectual history: those who moved from Judaism to Christianity out of a conviction that they were choosing a superior religion, and out of doubt or lack of confidence in the religious principles and practices of their former one. Their spiritual journeys often led them to suspect their newly adopted beliefs as well, and some even returned to Judaism or adopted a hybrid faith consisting of elements of both religions. Their intellectual itineraries between Judaism and Christianity offer a unique perspective on the formation of modern Jewish identities, Jewish-Christian relations, and the history of Jewish skeptical postures.The approach of the authors of this book is to avoid broad generalizations about the modern convert in favor of detailed case studies of specific converts in four distinct localities: Germany, Russia, Poland, and England, all living in the nineteenth- century. In so doing, it underscores the individuality of each convert’s life experience and self-reflection and the need to examine more intensely this relatively neglected dimension of Jewish and Christian cultural and intellectual history.

Keywords

Converts --- Missionaries

The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire

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Book Series: Leiden Studies in Islam and Society ISBN: 9789004323346 9789004323353 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1163/9789004323353 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:07
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"Killed the pilgrims and persecuted them with all kinds of cruelties": Portuguese Estado da India's encounters with the hajj in the sixteenth century / Mahmood Kooria -- "The infidel piloting the true believer": Thomas Cook and the business of the colonial hajj / Michael Christopher Low -- British colonial knowledge and the hajj in the Age of Empire / John Slight -- French policy and the hajj in late-nineteenth-century Algeria: Governor Cambon's reform attempts and Jules Gervais-Courtellemont's pilgrimage to Mecca / Aldo d'aAostini -- Heinrich Freiherr von Maltzan's "My pilgrimage to Mecca": a critical investigation / Ulrike Freitag -- Polish connections to the hajj in the nineteenth century: mystical and imaginary travels to Mecca and the Polish cultural tradition / Boguslaw R. Zagorski -- On his donkey to the mountain of 'Arafat: Dr. Van der Hoog and his hajj journey to Mecca / Umar Ryad -- "I have to disguise myself": orientalism, Gyula Germanus, and pilgrimage as cultural capital, 1935-1965 / Adam

Muslims in Interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective

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Book Series: Muslim Minorities ISBN: 9789004301979 9789004287839 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1163/9789004301979 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Muslims in Interwar Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, the contributors analyse the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe. They argue that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Contributors are Ali Al Tuma, Egdūnas Račius, Gerdien Jonker, Klaas Stutje, Naomi Davidson, Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, Umar Ryad, Zaur Gasimov and Wiebke Bachmann.

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