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Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory

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ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
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This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Entlastung der Staatsanwaltschaft durch mehr Kompetenzen für die Polizei? - eine deutsch-niederländisch vergleichende Analyse in rechtlicher und rechtstatsächlicher Hinsicht

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ISBN: 9783940344595 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A German-Dutch comparative analysis in criminology on law, state-law and police-law aspects.

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police --- state law --- law --- prosecution --- criminology

Amtsmißbrauch - Eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung zu Artikel 323 des italienischen Strafgesetzbuchs

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950378 Year: Pages: 559 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-04-12 20:08:17
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Das Phänomen des Mißbrauchs von Amtsbefugnissen ist in sämtlichen Gesellschaften verbreitet. Im Gegensatz zum deutschen hat der italienische Gesetzgeber den Amtsmißbrauch in Artikel 323 codice penale unter Strafe gestellt. Das Delikt hat durch die Anklage hochgestellter Politiker in Italien aktuell auch in Deutschland Bekanntheit erlangt. Die Bestimmung weist eine bewegte Geschichte auf und war in Italien Gegenstand heftiger wissenschaftlicher Auseinandersetzungen. Darauf geht die vorliegende Abhandlung anhand der Erläuterung der Tatbestandsmerkmale ein. Darüber hinaus wird untersucht, worin die Gründe für das Fehlen einer entsprechenden Norm im deutschen Recht zu sehen sind und inwiefern eine Inkriminierung der Zweckentfremdung von Amtskompetenzen hierzulande unter den Gesichtspunkten der Strafwürdigkeit und Strafbedürftigkeit in Betracht käme.

Straffällige Frauen - eine Untersuchung der Strafzumessung und Rückfälligkeit

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950491 Year: Pages: 393 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-06 11:01:26
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Gegenstand der Arbeit ist der Umgang der Kriminaljustiz mit Straftaten von Frauen – ein weithin vernachlässigtes Thema im Bereich der empirischen Kriminologie. Ausgewertet werden sämtliche Eintragungen im Bundeszentral- und Erziehungsregister zu Personen, die im Jahr 2004 mit einer relevante Bezugsentscheidung im Register erfasst waren. Dadurch konnten über eine Millionen Straffällige, darunter rund 200.000 Frauen, mit allen zu ihnen im Register gespeicherten strafrechtlichen Entscheidungen in die Untersuchung einbezogen werden. Diese konzentriert sich dabei im Wesentlichen auf zwei Themenkomplexe: Einmal wird die Strafzumessung bei weiblichen im Vergleich zu männlichen Straffälligen differenziert untersucht. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Frauen entgegen landläufiger Meinung keinen Strafzumessungsbonus genießen. Zum anderen wird aufgezeigt, dass das Maß der Rückfälligkeit straffälliger Frauen sich je nach justizieller Reaktion unterscheidet und von Kriterien wie Art und Anzahl der Voreintragungen abhängt.

National Reconviction Statistics and Studies in Europe = Nationale Rückfallstatistiken und -untersuchungen in Europa

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863951870 Year: Pages: 249 Language: English|German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-10 11:01:10
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Recidivism belongs to the main categories of criminology, crime policy and criminal justice. If the target of preventing offenders from reoffending is taken seriously crime policy should be measured by success of certain penal sanctions in terms of relapses. Also institutions that deal directly with crime and offenders need to get basic information on the consequences of their actions; particularly general knowledge about offender groups at risk of reoffending. All these are reasons why representative recidivism studies are needed. Meanwhile a lot of European countries gather systematic and comprehensive information on recidivism, periodically and on a national level. This volume presents an exemplary collection of such endeavors: Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Switzerland and a comparative study of England and Wales, the Netherlands and Scotland.

Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model

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ISBN: 9783319583877 9783319583884 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58388-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 17:40:40
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This edited collection explores the background and implementation of the Nordic Barnahus (or 'Children's House') model – recognised as one of the most important reforms related to children who are the victims of crime in the Nordic region. This book discusses both its potential to affect change and the challenges facing it. The model was introduced as a response to a growing recognition of the need for more integrated and child-centred services for children exposed to violence and sexual abuse. In the Barnahus structure, different professions work together to ensure that victimized children receive help and treatment and that their legal rights are met. This original study is organised into four broad themes: child-friendliness, support and treatment; the forensic child investigative interview; children’s rights perspectives; and interagency collaboration and professional autonomy. Each themed section includes in-depth chapters from different Nordic countries, outlining and analysing the practice and outcomes of the collaborative work engaged in by Barnahus from different perspectives. The introductory and concluding chapters offer a comparative lens useful for policy and practice implementation within the Nordic welfare state context and beyond, ensuring this book has global academic and practical appeal.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

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Book Series: Studies in German History ISBN: 9781782382461 9781785336577 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101584
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-26 11:01:02
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The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Luminol Theory

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ISBN: 9781947447127 9781947447134 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0177.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:33
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Representations of forensic procedures saturate popular culture in both fiction and true crime. One of the most striking forensic tools used in these narratives is the chemical luminol, so named because it glows an eerie greenish-blue when it comes into contact with the tiniest drops of human blood. Luminol is a deeply ambivalent object: it is both a tool of the police, historically abused and misappropriated, and yet it offers hope to families of victims by allowing hidden crimes to surface. Forensic enquiry can exonerate those falsely accused of crimes, and yet the rise of forensic science is synonymous with the development of the deeply racist ‘science’ of eugenics. Luminol Theory investigates the possibility of using a tool of the state in subversive, or radical, ways. By introducing luminol as an agent of forensic inquiry, Luminol Theory approaches the exploratory stages that a crime scene investigation might take, exploring experimental literature as though these texts were ‘crime scenes’ in order to discover what this deeply strange object can tell us about crime, death, and history, to make visible violent crimes, and to offer a tangible encounter with death and finitude. At the luminol-drenched crime scene, flashes of illumination throw up words, sentences, and fragments that offer luminous, strange glimpses, bobbing up from below their polished surfaces. When luminol shines its light, it reveals, it is magical, it is prescient, and it has a nasty allure

The Republic of Cthulhu: Lovecraft, the Weird Tale, and Conspiracy Theory

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ISBN: 9780998237565 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0155.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:35
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If parapolitics, a branch of radical criminology that studies the interactions between public entities and clandestine agencies, is to develop as an academic discipline, then it must develop a coherent theory of aesthetics in order to successfully perform its primary function: to render perceptible extra-judicial phenomena that have hitherto resisted formal classification. Wilson offers the work of H.P. Lovecraft (1890–1937) as an example of the relevance of subversive literature—in this case, cosmic horror and the weird tale—to the parapolitical criminologist. Cosmic horror is a form of writing that relies heavily upon the epistemological assumption of a radical and irreconcilable disjunction between appearance and reality, perception and truth. In many ways, the well-constructed weird tale strongly resembles the hard-boiled detective story or the noir thriller in that the resolution of the narrative hinges upon a dramatically shattering confrontation with an unspeakable reality. Apart from its obvious utilization of conspiracy theory, the primary attraction of the Lovecraftian text lies with its remarkably sophisticated utilization of two central tropes of classical aesthetic theory—the sublime and the grotesque. Not only does Lovecraft’s oeuvre represent a remarkable use of both of these motifs, but the raw literary power of the Lovecraftian weird tale serves as an outstanding exemplar for the parapolitical scholar to emulate in formulating an alternative mode of discourse, or poetics.

The Role of Community-Mindedness in the Self-Regulation of Drug Cultures

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ISBN: 9789400738607 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-3861-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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This book analyzes heroin users and the drug subculture on the Shetland Islands, an area known for its geographical remoteness, rural character and relative wealth. It fills the scientific gap created by the conventional research in heroin research, which is usually conducted in urban areas and relies on treatment and prison populations. Based on qualitative, in-depth interviews with twenty-four heroin users, this book depicts and analyzes the nature and historical development of the local heroin scene. It illustrates the features and internal structures of the subculture, and it examines the manner in which both are influenced by the location-specific geographical, cultural and socio-economic conditions. It thus reveals complex causal associations that are hard to recognize in urban environments. Complete with a list of references used and recommendations for future research, this book is a vital tool for progressive and pragmatic approaches to policy, intervention and research in the field of illicit drug use.

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