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Working Together in Vanuatu

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ISBN: 9781921862359 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459793 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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This collection is derived from a conference held at the Vanuatu National Museum and Cultural Centre (VCC) that brought together a large gathering of foreign and indigenous researchers to discuss diverse perspectives relating to the unique program of social, political and historical research and management that has been fostered in that island nation. While not diminishing the importance of individual or sole-authored methodologies, project-centered collaborative approaches have today become a defining characteristic of Vanuatu’s unique research environment. As this volume attests, this environment has included a dynamically wide range of both ni-Vanuatu and foreign researchers and related research perspectives, most centrally including archaeologists and anthropologists, linguists, historians, legal studies scholars and development practitioners. This emphasis on collaboration has emerged from an ongoing awareness across Vanuatu’s research community of the need for trained researchers to engage directly with pressing social and ethical concerns, and out of the proven fact that it is not just from the outcomes of research that communities or individuals may be empowered, but also through their modes and processes of implementation, as through the ongoing strength and value of the relationships they produce. With this in mind, the papers presented here go beyond the mere celebration of collaboration by demonstrating Vanuatu’s specific environment of cross-cultural research as a diffuse set of historically emergent methodological approaches, and by showing how these work in actual practice.

Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450937 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478050 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:09

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Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

Decolonizing Trauma Studies: Trauma and Postcolonialism

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ISBN: 9783038421955 9783038421962 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-196-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-03 11:09:04
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One-Volume Libraries: Composite and Multiple-Text Manuscripts

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110496956 9783110495591 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: xxxii, 354 DOI: 10.1515/9783110496956 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 13:25:21
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Composite and multiple-text manuscripts are traditionally studied for their individual texts, but recent trends in codicology have paved the way for a more comprehensive approach: Manuscripts are unique artefacts which reveal how they were produced and used as physical objects. While multiple-text manuscripts codicologically are to be considered as production units, i.e. they were originally planned and realized in order to carry more than one text, composites consist of formerly independent codicological units and were put together at a later stage with intentions that might be completely different from those of its original parts. Both sub-types of manuscripts are still sometimes called "miscellanies", a term relating to the texts only. The codicological difference is important for reconstructing why and how these manuscripts which in many cases resemble (or contain) a small library were produced and used. Contributions on the manuscript cultures of China, India, Africa, the Islamic world and European traditions lead not only to the conclusion that "one-volume libraries" have been produced in many manuscript cultures, but allow also for the identification of certain types of uses.

Ocse Pisa 2012. Contributi di approfondimento

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Book Series: Varie - Open Access ISBN: 9788891748447 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 11:01:46
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The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a triennial international survey which aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. This volume contains a collection of contributions from multidisciplinary fields and working environment (school, university, research). The contributions have been selected through a call for papers and submitted to peer review by qualified experts.

Studying Trial Communities: Anthropological and Historical Inquiries into Ethos, Politics and Economy of Medical Research in Africa (Book chapter)

Book title: Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450920 9780857450937 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

Parasite Lost: Remembering Modern Times with Kenyan Government Medical Scientists (Book chapter)

Book title: Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450920 9780857450937 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

The International Turn in American Studies

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Book Series: Interamericana ISBN: 9783653988543 9783653988550 9783631647998 Year: Pages: 372 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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The volume is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the internationalization of American Studies. The essays by European, American and Latin American scholars provide critical evaluations of a wide range of concepts, including trans-national and post-national, international, trans-atlantic, trans-pacific, as well as hemispheric, inter-American and comparative American studies. Combining theoretical reflections and actual case studies, the collection proposes a reassessment of current developments at a time when American nations experience the paradoxical simultaneity of both weakened and strengthened national borders alongside multiple challenges to national sovereignty.

Expression of emotion in music and vocal communication

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192632 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-263-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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Two of the most important social skills in humans are the ability to determine the moods of those around us, and to use this to guide our behavior. To accomplish this, we make use of numerous cues. Among the most important are vocal cues from both speech and non-speech sounds. Music is also a reliable method for communicating emotion. It is often present in social situations and can serve to unify a group's mood for ceremonial purposes (funerals, weddings) or general social interactions. Scientists and philosophers have speculated on the origins of music and language, and the possible common bases of emotional expression through music, speech and other vocalizations. They have found increasing evidence of commonalities among them. However, the domains in which researchers investigate these topics do not always overlap or share a common language, so communication between disciplines has been limited. The aim of this Research Topic is to bring together research across multiple disciplines related to the production and perception of emotional cues in music, speech, and non-verbal vocalizations. This includes natural sounds produced by human and non-human primates as well as synthesized sounds. Research methodology includes survey, behavioral, and neuroimaging techniques investigating adults as well as developmental populations, including those with atypical development. Studies using laboratory tasks as well as studies in more naturalistic settings are included.

An Open Book: What and How Young Children Learn From Picture and Story Books

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197286 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-728-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Looking at and listening to picture and story books is a ubiquitous activity, frequently enjoyed by many young children and their parents. Well before children can read for themselves they are able to learn from books. Looking at and listening to books increases children’s general knowledge, understanding about the world and promotes language acquisition. This collection of papers demonstrates the breadth of information pre-reading children learn from books and increases our understanding of the social and cognitive mechanisms that support this learning. Our hope is that this Research Topic/eBook will be useful for researchers as well as educational practitioners and parents who are interested in optimizing children’s learning.

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