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Fractional Order Systems

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ISBN: 9783039216086 / 9783039216093 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-609-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book is focused on fractional order systems. Historically, fractional calculus has been recognized since the inception of regular calculus, with the first written reference dated in September 1695 in a letter from Leibniz to L’Hospital. Nowadays, fractional calculus has a wide area of applications in areas such as physics, chemistry, bioengineering, chaos theory, control systems engineering, and many others. In all those applications, we deal with fractional order systems in general. Moreover, fractional calculus plays an important role even in complex systems and therefore allows us to develop better descriptions of real-world phenomena. On that basis, fractional order systems are ubiquitous, as the whole real world around us is fractional. Due to this reason, it is urgent to consider almost all systems as fractional order systems.

PV System Design and Performance

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ISBN: 9783039216222 / 9783039216239 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-623-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Photovoltaic solar energy technology (PV) has been developing rapidly in the past decades, leading to a multi-billion-dollar global market. It is of paramount importance that PV systems function properly, which requires the generation of expected energy both for small-scale systems that consist of a few solar modules and for very large-scale systems containing millions of modules. This book increases the understanding of the issues relevant to PV system design and correlated performance; moreover, it contains research from scholars across the globe in the fields of data analysis and data mapping for the optimal performance of PV systems, faults analysis, various causes for energy loss, and design and integration issues. The chapters in this book demonstrate the importance of designing and properly monitoring photovoltaic systems in the field in order to ensure continued good performance.

Keywords

floating PV generation structure --- fiber reinforced polymeric plastic (FRP) --- pultruded FRP --- sheet molding compound FRP --- structural design --- mooring system --- photovoltaic plants --- software development --- performance analysis --- loss analysis --- graphical malfunction detection --- fuzzy logic controller --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- dc-dc converter --- photovoltaic system --- photovoltaic system --- modeling --- stability analysis --- grid-connected --- photovoltaics --- modules --- shade resilience --- buck converter --- module architecture --- PV array --- FCM algorithm --- cluster analysis --- fault diagnosis --- membership algorithm --- solar energy --- photovoltaic module performance --- organic soiling --- Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) --- floating PV systems (FPV) --- floating PV module (FPVM) --- ANOVA --- Bartlett’s test --- Hartigan’s dip test --- Jarque-Bera’s test --- Kruskal-Wallis’ test --- Mood’s Median test --- residential buildings --- Tukey’s test --- urban context --- solar cells --- AC parameters --- underdamped oscillation --- impedance spectroscopy --- partial shading --- photo-generated current --- photovoltaic performance --- maximum power point --- image processing --- photovoltaic (PV) systems monitoring --- malfunction detection --- data analysis --- PV systems --- cluster analysis --- failure detection --- ageing and degradation of PV-modules --- performance analysis --- UV-fluorescence imaging --- photovoltaic modeling --- parameter estimation --- optimization problem --- metaheuristic --- opposition-based learning --- quasi-opposition based learning --- improved cuckoo search algorithm --- PV energy performance --- PV thermal performance --- thermal interaction --- conventional roof membrane --- vegetated/green roof --- Renewable Energy --- PV systems --- forecast --- energy --- simulation --- silicon --- photovoltaics --- modules --- electroluminescence --- defects --- cracks --- performance ratio --- annual yield --- GIS --- PV system --- spatial analyses --- performance ratio --- GIS --- PV module --- system --- population density --- urban compactness --- solar farm --- photovoltaics --- reactive power support --- STATCOM --- technical costs --- photovoltaic systems --- reliability --- real data --- energy yield --- fault tree analysis --- failure mode and effect analysis --- availability --- failure rates

Sustainable Energy Systems Planning, Integration and Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039280469 / 9783039280476 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-047-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Energy systems worldwide are undergoing major transformation as a consequence of the transition towards the widespread use of clean and sustainable energy sources. Basically, this involves massive changes in technical and organizational levels together with tremendous technological upgrades in different sectors ranging from energy generation and transmission systems down to distribution systems. These actions generate huge science and engineering challenges and demands for expert knowledge in the field to create solutions for a sustainable energy system that is economically, environmentally, and socially viable while meeting high security requirements. This book covers these promising and dynamic areas of research and development, and presents contributions in sustainable energy systems planning, integration, and management. Moreover, the book elaborates on a variety of topics, ranging from design and planning of small- to large-scale energy systems to the operation and control of energy networks in different sectors, namely electricity, heat, ?and transport.

Keywords

Black Sea --- Romanian coastal environment --- wave energy --- numerical models --- SWAN --- renewable energy --- environment --- solid waste to energy plant --- FANP --- TOPSIS --- fuzzy logic --- MCDM --- smart logistics system --- smart box --- information platform --- renewable biomass energy --- agricultural pruning --- cuckoo search algorithm --- support vector machine --- ensemble empirical mode decomposition --- wind speed forecasting --- forecasting validity --- smart logistics system --- information platform --- pruning biomass --- performance evaluation --- product quality model --- product usability testing --- rural residential building --- solar energy --- heat transfer --- wind velocities --- field test and numerical simulation --- renewable energy --- load regulation --- datacenter --- smart grid --- demand response --- threshold value of daily operation hours --- intermittent heating --- configurations of internal wall --- heat storage and release --- hot summer and cold winter climate zone --- dual robust optimization --- risk aversion --- energy and environmental systems --- vehicular emissions --- multiple uncertainties --- photovoltaic systems --- meteorological variables --- electric power --- gradient descent --- sustainable development --- optimal chiller loading (OCL) --- uncertain cooling demand --- information gap decision theory (IGDT) --- mixed-integer non-linear programming problem (MINLP) --- novel method --- internal coverings --- neural networks --- energy --- thermal comfort --- control system --- resampling --- feature extraction --- non-intrusive load monitoring --- pure electric buses --- multi-type bus operating organization --- time-space network --- energy consumption --- public transport --- n/a

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282524 / 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

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eng (4)


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