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Die Konstituierung von Cultural Property - Forschungsperspektiven

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ISBN: 9783941875616 Year: Pages: 333 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Kann Eigentum an Kultur sinnvoll sein? Das Interesse, Cultural Property dem Markt zuzuführen oder dies zu verhindern und hierdurch kollektiven oder individuellen, ideologischen oder ökonomischen Gewinn zu schaffen, gestaltet sich unter den stark divergierenden Bedingungen, die Akteure in einer postkolonialen, spätmodernen Welt vorfinden. Die interdisziplinäre DFG-Forschergruppe zur Konstituierung von Cultural Property beleuchtet diese seit einigen Jahren in der Öffentlichkeit mit wachsender Brisanz verhandelte Frage. Die Forschergruppe fragt nach der Konstituierung von Cultural Property im Spannungsfeld von kulturellen, wirtschaftlichen, juristischen und hiermit auch gesellschaftspolitischen Diskursen. Dies bedingt auch die in dieser fokussierten Form neue Zusammenarbeit von Fachwissenschaftler/innen aus Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften sowie Rechts-und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Die Unterschiedlichkeit des disziplinären Zugriffs auf einen Forschungsbereich zeigt sich in den in diesem Band vermittelten ersten Ergebnissen aus der laufenden Forschung genauso deutlich wie die Notwendigkeit, disziplinäre Standpunkte in gemeinsamer Arbeit zusammenzuführen, um den Konstituierungsprozess von Cultural Property zu verstehen.

Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice - Participation, Territory and the Making of Heritage

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ISBN: 9783863952051 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:00
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Community and participation have become central concepts in the nomination processes surrounding heritage, intersecting time and again with questions of territory. In this volume, anthropologists and legal scholars from France, Germany, Italy and the USA take up questions arising from these intertwined concerns from diverse perspectives: How and by whom were these concepts interpreted and re-interpreted, and what effects did they bring forth in their implementation? What impact was wielded by these terms, and what kinds of discursive formations did they bring forth? How do actors from local to national levels interpret these new components of the heritage regime, and how do actors within heritage-granting national and international bodies work it into their cultural and political agency? What is the role of experts and expertise, and when is scholarly knowledge expertise and when is it partisan? How do bureaucratic institutions translate the imperative of participation into concrete practices? Case studies from within and without the UNESCO matrix combine with essays probing larger concerns generated by the valuation and valorization of culture.

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-23 08:54:18
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A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Kultur als Eigentum: Instrumente, Querschnitte und Fallstudien

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ISBN: 9783863952044 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:58
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Im Zeitalter verknappender Ressourcen ist Kultur – beispielsweise in Form von traditionellem Wissen oder Kulturerbe – in den Brennpunkt wirtschaftlicher, politischer wie ideeller Interessen gerückt. Die Rechte an Eigentum oder Nutzung solcher Kulturgüter werden von internationalen Bühnen bis zu lokalen Schauplätzen verhandelt und implementiert. Nach sechs Jahren intensiver, interdisziplinärer Zusammenarbeit legt die DFG-Forschergruppe 772 („Die Konstituierung von Cultural Property: Akteure, Diskurse, Kontexte, Regeln“) einen mehrgliedrigen Ergebnisband zu diesem wichtigen, spätmodernen Phänomen der Konstituierung kulturellen Eigentums vor. Ein erster Teil bietet griffige Vorstellungen verschiedener internationaler Instrumente und Arenen, in denen Handhabung von Schutz und Inwertsetzung von Kultur im Mittelpunkt stehen. Der zweite Teil versammelt Beiträge, die zentrale Handlungsmotive und Legitimationsweisen der Inwertsetzung von Kultur erörtern und Konzepte, die dabei von besonderer Relevanz sind, durchleuchten. Im dritten Teil werden Ergebnisse aus den verschiedenen Teilprojekten der Forschergruppe vorgestellt.

Negotiating Tradition - The pragmatics of international deliberations on Cultural Property

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863951009 Year: Pages: 190 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:20
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Communicative interactions in international negotiations on cultural property not only provide information about the emergence and proliferation of arguments, rhetorics, and registers, but also permit valuable insights into actors’ positions, strategies and alliances. They significantly influence local and national practices and views related to cultural property debates. What can be gained from a deep analysis of the communicative patterns and strategies that actors engage in – the entailing text and talk of negotiations – is a better understanding of the process itself: how do different actors argue, what kind of strategies and rhetorics do they use, to which instruments and institutions do they refer, and in what way do actors react to each other? An analysis of communicative interactions contributes to the question of how international negotiations work. The analytic inclusion of sociolinguistic practices allows insights into positions, strategies, and perspectives pertaining to cultural property. By looking at not only what actors say, but also at how and in what contexts they do so, it is possible to make more accurate statements about their positions and perceptions in cultural property debates. As these communicative interactions influence outcomes considerably, an approach from linguistic anthropology is not only beneficial for an understanding of specific negotiations, but also for the analysis of broader cultural property issues.

Pacific Island Heritage: Archaeology, Identity & Community (Terra Australis 35)

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Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921862489 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459430 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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“This volume emerges from a ground-breaking conference held in the Republic of Palau on cultural heritage in the Pacific. It includes bold investigations of the role of cultural heritage in identity-making, and the ways in which community engagement informs heritage management practices. This is the first broad and detailed investigation of the unique and irreplaceable cultural heritage of the Pacific from a heritage management perspective. It identifies new trends in research and assesses relationships between archaeologists, heritage managers and local communities. The methods which emerge from these relationships will be critical to the effective management of heritage sites in the 21st century. A wonderful book which emerges from an extraordinary conference. Essential reading for cultural heritage managers, archaeologists and others with an interest in caring for the unique cultural heritage of the Pacific Islands”.

Transcending the Culture–Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage

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Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781922144041 9781922144058 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462201 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:47
License: ANU Press

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While considerable research and on-ground project work focuses on the interface between Indigenous/local people and nature conservation in the Asia-Pacific region, the interface between these people and cultural heritage conservation has not received the same attention. This collection brings together papers on the current mechanisms in place in the region to conserve cultural heritage values. It will provide an overview of the extent to which local communities have been engaged in assessing the significance of this heritage and conserving it. It will address the extent to which management regimes have variously allowed, facilitated or obstructed continuing cultural engagement with heritage places and landscapes, and discuss the problems agencies experience with protection and management of cultural heritage places.

World Heritage Angkor and Beyond - Circumstances and Implications of UNESCO Listings in Cambodia

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863950323 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Angkor, the temple and palace complex of the ancient Khmer capital in Cambodia is one of the world’s most famous monuments. Hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the globe visit Angkor Park, one of the finest UNESCO World Heritage Sites, every year. Since its UNESCO listing in 1992, the Angkor region has experienced an overwhelming mushrooming of hotels and restaurants; the infrastructure has been hardly able to cope with the rapid growth of mass tourism and its needs. This applies to the access and use of monument sites as well. The authors of this book critically describe and analyse the heritage nomination processes in Cambodia, especially in the case of Angkor and the temple of Preah Vihear on the Cambodian/Thai border. They examine the implications the UNESCO listings have had with regard to the management of Angkor Park and its inhabitants on the one hand, and to the Cambodian/Thai relationships on the other. Furthermore, they address issues of development through tourism that UNESCO has recognised as a welcome side-effect of heritage listings. They raise the question whether development through tourism deepens already existing inequalities rather than contributing to the promotion of the poor.

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