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Sich windende Wege - Ethnografie der Melo-Schnecke in Papua, Indonesien

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Book Series: Göttinger Beiträge zur Ethnologie ISBN: 9783941875838 Year: Pages: 329 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Das Buch schildert die verschlungenen Wege der Meeresschnecke Melo im Westteil der Insel Neuguinea, in der indonesischen Provinz Papua. Zahlreiche Etappen dieser Wege durch die zerklüfteten und schwer zugänglichen Bergtäler und an der Südküste der Insel, aber auch in Museumssammlungen in Europa hat die Autorin selbst verfolgt und erforscht. Die Meeresschnecke Melo ist in den Küstengewässern Neuguineas beheimatet. Die kulturellen Erscheinungsformen ihrer Schale wurden aber, wie Museumsobjekte in europäischen Sammlungen belegen, auch in weit abgelegenen Tälern des Hochlandes im Innern der Insel gefunden. Auf den Spuren der Melo-Schnecke hat die Autorin Verbindungen hergestellt zwischen „immobilen“ Museumsobjekten im „Hier“ und dynamischen kulturellen Aneignungs- und Umdeutungsprozessen im „Dort“. So war es ihr möglich, frühkoloniale Verhältnisse, Handelswege, Tauschaktionen, Verwendungs- und Bearbeitungsformen in Neuguinea nachzuzeichnen und mit aktuellen Erscheinungsformen der Schale, etwa im katholischen oder touristischen Kontext, zu kontrastieren. In einer Reihe von Essays beschreibt sie Etappen von Wegen der Melo- Schnecke, die räumlich und zeitlich an unterschiedlichen Punkten einsetzen und enden. Literarisch gefärbte Passagen wechseln sich dabei mit unterschiedlichen theoretischen Ansätzen ab. So ist es gerade das Fragmentarische dieser Ethnografie, welches das Thema immer wieder neu und auf spannende Art zu beleuchten vermag.

Keywords

research --- Cultural studies

Praxeologie. Beiträge zur interdisziplinären Reichweite praxistheoretischer Ansätze in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6940 ISBN: 9783110370188 9783110392814 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: viii, 250 DOI: 10.1515/9783110370188 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 13:50:45
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‘Praxeology’ as theoretical concept has obtained growing attention in recent years, at the same time there is a lack of empirical findings upon its scope in applied research. The contributions of this volume prove the operational feasibility and heuristic capacity of the ‘praxeological’ approach in an interdisciplinary perspective and based on specific research questions.

Dream for Dead Bodies

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ISBN: 9780472119813 9780472900602 Year: Pages: 265 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.8749028 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:09
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Dreams for Dead Bodies: Blackness, Labor, and the Corpus of American Detective Fiction offers new arguments about the origins of detective fiction in the United States, tracing the lineage of the genre back to unexpected texts and uncovering how authors such as Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, Pauline Hopkins, and Rudolph Fisher made use of the genre’s puzzle-elements to explore the shifting dynamics of race and labor in America.&#xD; &#xD;The author constructs an interracial genealogy of detective fiction to create a nuanced picture of the ways that black and white authors appropriated and cultivated literary conventions that coalesced in a recognizable genre at the turn of the twentieth century. These authors tinkered with detective fiction’s puzzle-elements to address a variety of historical contexts, including the exigencies of chattel slavery, the erosion of working-class solidarities by racial and ethnic competition, and accelerated mass production. Dreams for Dead Bodies demonstrates that nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American literature was broadly engaged with detective fiction, and that authors rehearsed and refined its formal elements in literary works typically relegated to the margins of the genre. By looking at these margins, the book argues, we can better understand the origins and cultural functions of American detective fiction.

Risk Criticism

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ISBN: 9780472900671 9780472073023 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610090 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-12 11:01:04
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'Risk Criticism: Reading in an Age of Manufactured Uncertainties' is a study of literary and cultural responses to global environmental risk that offers an environmental humanities approach to understanding risk in an age of unfolding ecological catastrophe. 'Risk Criticism: Reading in an Age of Manufactured Uncertainties' is a study of literary and cultural responses to global environmental risk that offers an environmental humanities approach to understanding risk in an age of unfolding ecological catastrophe. In 2015, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists re-set its iconic Doomsday Clock to three minutes to midnight, as close to the apocalypse as it has been since 1953. What pushed its hands was, however, not just the threat of nuclear weapons, but also other global environmental risks that the Bulletin judged to have risen to the scale of the nuclear, including climate change and innovations in the life sciences. If we may once have believed that the end of days would come in a blaze of nuclear firestorm (or the chill of the subsequent nuclear winter), we now suspect that the apocalypse may be much slower, creeping in as chemical toxin, climate change, or bio- or nano- technologies run amok. Taking inspiration from the questions raised by the Bulletin’s synecdochical “nuclear,” 'Risk Criticism' aims to generate a hybrid form of critical practice that brings “nuclear criticism”—a subfield of literary studies that has been, since the Cold War, largely neglected—into conversation with ecocriticism, the more recent approach to environmental texts in literary studies. Through readings of novels, films, theater, poetry, visual art, websites, news reports, and essays, 'Risk Criticism' tracks the diverse ways in which environmental risks are understood and represented today.

Sonntags 20:15 Uhr – »Tatort« - Zu sozialen Positionierungen eines Fernsehpublikums

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ISBN: 9783863952662 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-24 11:01:16
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Watching television plays an important role in our daily lives. Especially serial narratives like the popular German police procedural Tatort (FRG, since 1970) bear great potential to catch and keep their viewer’s interest. Analysing the integration of the long running TV series Tatort into its viewers’ weekly routines, this study investigates movements in the realm of what is called ‘social positioning’. In online fora, in discussions or while watching the latest episode, television audiences share their impressions. They compare inspectors and crime sites and express their views upon socio-political debates. At the same time watching series for many is a deeply social activity. The series helps its viewers to get together with friends, partners or the family on a regular basis, others enjoy sharing their viewing experience in social networks. Together they laugh or discuss the issues that are brought up by the police investigation. The practice of watching Tatort thereby provides a wide range of possibilities to act upon one’s perspective on how the social world is structured. The ethnographic approach towards practices of social positioning is based upon participant observations in viewing situations over three years, 43 semi-structured narrative interviews, as well as an online ethnography concentrating on Facebook and the fan page Tatort-Fundus. This approach allows for two kinds of findings: Current perspectives on ‚the cultural other‘ as a figure that is bound to situational practices of positioning are enlightened by comparisons to fictional criminals and investigators as well as representations of social, professional and ethnic groups in Tatort. On a more theoretical level, the ethnographic insights on biographies, viewing situations, and practices in between the episodes call for corrections of the still persistent model of taste as a reliable indicator of people’s standing in society. Instead, the study points out the importance of situational and serial acts of positioning. Watching Tatort is a cultural practice with much variation. Still, how its viewers deal with Tatort as a narrative as well as a cultural practice is linked to a set of discursive fields. Describing the practice of watching Tatort as bound to activity/passivity, pleasure/critique, tension/relaxation, real/unreal, entertainment/information, and femininity/masculinity as well as to German/not-German reveals that all of these oppositions are continuously under negotiation. And Tatort viewers are usually positioned in-between.

Literature Matters

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ISBN: 9781785420344 9781785420351 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613237 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-12 11:01:17
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This new collection of J. Hillis Miller’s essays centres on the question “why and to what end should we read, teach, and spend our time with literary and/or cultural studies?” At a time when electronic media seem to dominate the market completely, and jobs follow the money flows into electronic and technical fields, literary and cultural studies might appear as a decorative addenda but not really necessary for the process of growth and development, neither in business nor in the area of personal development. This question is not really new, it has many facets, requires differentiated answers which depend and mirror the political and cultural climate of a society.

Rhetoric and Drama

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ISBN: 9783110484663 Year: Pages: x, 244 DOI: 10.1515/9783110484663 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Performing Arts --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 16:29:54
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Proving fruitful in various applications throughout its two millennia of predominance, the rhetorical téchne appears to have entertained a particularly symbiotic interrelation with drama. With contributions from (among others) a Classicist, historical, linguistic, musicological, operatic, cultural and literary studies perspective, this publication offers interdisciplinary assessments of specific reciprocities between the system of rhetoric and dramatic works: tracing the longue durée of this nexus—highlighting its Ancient foundations, its various Early Modern formations, as well as certain configurations enduring to this day—enables describing shifting degrees of rhetoricity; approaching it from an interdisciplinary viewpoint facilitates focusing on the often sidelined rhetorical phenomena located beyond the textual plane, specifically memoria and actio; tackling this interchange from various viewpoints and with diverse emphases, a long-lasting and highly prolific cross-fertilization between drama and rhetoric is rendered visible. In tendering a balanced panorama of both detailed case studies and descriptive overviews, this volume also points toward terrain yet to be charted in the scholarship to come.

Sprache - Kognition - Kultur. Sprache zwischen mentaler Struktur und kultureller Prägung

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110970555 Year: Volume: 2007 Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1515/9783110970555 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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This Yearbook of the German Language Institute aims to call to mind the traditions of linguistics in cultural studies and at the same time to document the connections between linguistics and modern research paths in cultural studies such as the theory of cognition and discourse analysis. In addition, the papers illuminate the linguistic turn in literary and historical studies. Thus the volume presents the foundations and theoretical and methodological approaches to linguistics as a cultural study, together with examples related to practice.

Humid, All Too Humid: Overheated Observations

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ISBN: 9780692650141 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0132.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:36
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I haven’t made a single mistake in my life. I’ve just made a lot of good decisions that went really badly. Try as we might, we simply can’t imagine what our world would now look like, had our forefathers decided to use asparagus instead of electricity. In Humid, All Too Humid, social commentator Dominic Pettman curates the overheated thoughts of his own feverish mind, in response to a world struggling with unprecedented levels of cultural climate change. Humanity is like that obnoxious bore that arrives at the party drunk — thinks he’s witty and charming and wise, but is in fact a complete psychotic loser. All the other creatures, however, are too polite to say anything. So they just watch us quietly, and hope that we disappear as quickly as we came. The book takes the form of aphorism, witticism, maxim, axiom, dictum, quip, jape, adage, proverb, pun, precept, reflection, suggestion, observation, paraphrase, bon mot, vagary, specificky, put-on, put-off, mummery, miscellany, aside, in-front, behind, knock-knock joke, one-liner, tweet, re-tweet, truism, and not-so-truism. When you think about it, how rude it is for people to get married in public. This whole ritual is set up so that one person can say they love this one other person more than you. More than anyone else in the room. Is this why people really cry at weddings? Is this why we cover their car with rubbish? A sublimated response to their ceremonial insult? Known for his scholarly work on love, sex, and the (post)human condition, Pettman now assembles this collection of humoristic micro-meditations on everything from the meaning of life to the “yoghurt of human unkindness.” Archaeologists in Turkey have uncovered a new fragment of Anaximander, which simply reads: “Because reasons.” Humid, All Too Humid reads as if Oscar Wilde had first written Minima Moralia, after binge-watching too many episodes of The Simpsons.

Television Scales

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ISBN: 9781950192410 9781950192427 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0263.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-25 11:21:02
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How to reckon with the staggering volume of television materials, past and present? And how to comprehend all the potential, complex scales at which to grapple with television, from its tiniest units of audiovisual content to its most massive industrial coordinates and beyond? In Television Scales, Nick Salvato demonstrates how the problem of scale in the field of television may be turned into a resource and a method for a television studies that would pay better attention to messy medial complexities, peripatetic critical practices, and vulgar psychogeographies. Modeling his investigative practice on the meta-critical writing of social anthropologist Marilyn Strathern in Partial Connections and elsewhere, Salvato composes surprising, partial constellations of television’s elements. In the process, his consideration ranges from classic television sitcoms like I Love Lucy to contemporary reality series such as The Biggest Loser, Iron Chef, and House Hunters International. He simultaneously pores over a number of key television phenomena, including technological mystification, performers’ charismatic displays, binge viewing, and devoted fandom. An experiment in style and form, Television Scales maps, weighs, and rules television, while also undoing these very strategies for evaluating the medium.

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