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Altern im Wandel: Zwei Jahrzehnte Deutscher Alterssurvey (DEAS)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783658125011 9783658125028 Year: Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-12502-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 15:23:05
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Das vorliegende Buch zum Deutschen Alterssurvey (DEAS) stellt mit einem breiten Themenspektrum dar, dass die Lebensphase Alter vielfältig ist und sich wandelt: Ältere Menschen sind heute aktiver als vor 20 Jahren. Sie sind länger erwerbstätig, engagieren sich häufiger ehrenamtlich, sie treiben mehr Sport und sind mehrheitlich sozial gut eingebunden. Nehmen aber auch die Ungleichheiten im Alter zu? Befunde zu dieser Frage liefert der DEAS, die bundesweit wichtigste repräsentative Langzeitbefragung von Menschen, die sich in der zweiten Lebenshälfte befinden, also 40 Jahre und älter sind. Der DEAS wird seit 1996 vom Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend (BMFSFJ) finanziert. Das Buch zum DEAS 2014 stellt einen wesentlichen Teil der Sozialberichterstattung zum Thema Alter dar, ist Grundlage der Seniorenpolitik auf Bundesebene und Impulsgeber der sozial- und verhaltenswissenschaftlichen Alternsforschung.

Keywords

demography

Flucht und Asyl in europäischen Migrationsregimen - Metamorphosen einer umkämpften Kategorie am Beispiel der EU, Deutschlands und Polens

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ISBN: 9783941875715 Year: Pages: 367 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In the Federal Republic of Germany the number of asylum seekers has fallen considerably in recent years. The recognition rate lies at around one percent. What has happened to the refugees? Are there no longer any reasons to apply for asylum? In order to find asylum seekers, one must look in the new EU member states on the external borders, and to the countries immediately beyond the borders: because of regulations about jurisdiction, more and more refugees become stranded on the edges of the EU and can only reach other European target countries by irregular means. The study shows, using Germany and Poland as examples, how the significance of asylum law has changed over the last 20 years, how this change can be explained, and how it relates to migrants’ strategies. Inthis manner the study offers new insight into the field of asylum policy in three respects: on the one hand, asylum policy is analysed in the context of category construction related to migration policy. In this way the significance of the categorization and hierarchization of ‘desirable and ‘undesirable’ migrants as a central component of ‘migration management’ is revealed. On the other hand, the two studies of individual countries provide an extensive picture of asylum policy in Germany and Poland. By embedding the two case studies in developments at EU level, and relating them to each other, the study offers a new and comprehensive insight into the dynamics which have determined the changes in the European asylum regime in the last two decades.

Keywords

Demography --- Geography

The South Texas Health Status Review: A Health Disparities Roadmap

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319002323 9783319002330 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00233-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Public Health --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:16
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This book is a roadmap of the exact health disparities that burden the health of South Texas residents, especially Hispanics, compared to the rest of Texas and nation. This type of knowledge has the potential to fuel and motivate researchers and public health leaders to create and shape interventions to reverse those health disparities. Most notably, focus on obesity and diabetes prevention efforts and modifiable risk factors—such as nutrition, reproductive factors and access to health care—has significant potential to reduce the burden of disease in South Texas communities.South Texas, a 38-county region that spans 45,000 square miles along the Texas-Mexico border northward to the area around metropolitan Bexar County (home to San Antonio), is home to 18% of the state’s population. Yet South Texas residents, who are 68% Hispanic, struggle with lower educational levels, less income and less access to health care—and, as a result, suffer from a wide variety of health disparities. To study the health status and identify the exact health disparities that exist in the region, researchers from The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio teamed with researchers from the Texas Department of State Health Services to develop the South Texas Health Status Review.The Review team analyzed a variety of the latest county, state and national data to compare South Texas’ incidence, prevalence and mortality rates for more than 35 health indicators—from cancers to chronic diseases like diabetes to communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS to maternal health and even environmental health—to the rest of Texas and the nation by age, sex, race/ethnicity and rural/urban location.​

Démographie, climat et alimentation mondiale

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ISBN: 9782759805815 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_519671 Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-28 16:16:26
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Demography, climate, world alimentation

Ageing in Europe. Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110444414 9783110437041 Year: Pages: xii, 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110444414 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-05 13:11:32
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SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do we Europeans age? How will we do economically, socially and healthwise? How are these domains interrelated? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a further big step towards answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data in order to support policies for an inclusive society.

Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319314402 9783319314426 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31442-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 240978
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 11:01:58
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This open access book presents an innovative study of the rise of unmarried cohabitation in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Using an extensive sample of individual census data for nearly all countries on the continent, it offers a cross-national, comparative view of this recent demographic trend and its impact on the family. The book offers a tour of the historical legacies and regional heterogeneity in unmarried cohabitation, covering: Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, Colombia, the Andean region, Brazil, and the Southern Cone. It also explores the diverse meanings of cohabitation from a cross-national perspective and examines the theoretical implications of recent developments on family change in the Americas. The book uses data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, International (IPUMS), a project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. This large sample size enables an empirical testing of one of the currently most powerful explanatory frameworks for changes in family formation around the world, the theory of the Second Demographic Transition. With its unique geographical scope, this book will provide researchers with a new understanding into the spectacular rise in premarital cohabitation in the Americas, which has become one of the most salient trends in partnership formation in the region.

Keywords

sociology --- family --- demography

Chapter 2 Becoming and Belonging in African Historical Demography, 1900–2000 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781785336058 9781785336041 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In the last forty years anthropologists have made major contributions to understanding the heterogeneity of reproductive trends and processes underlying them. Fertility transition, rather than the story of the triumphant spread of Western birth control rationality, reveals a diversity of reproductive means and ends continuing before, during, and after transition. This collection brings together anthropological case studies, placing them in a comparative framework of compositional demography and conjunctural action. The volume addresses major issues of inequality and distribution which shape population and social structures, and in which fertility trends and the formation and size of families are not decided solely or primarily by reproduction.&#xD;In this chapter, I address these questions in relation to the&#xD;Counting Souls Project1 through two frameworks described by&#xD;Kreager and Bochow in the introduction to this volume.

Keywords

Demography --- history --- Africa

Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences

Authors: ---
Book Series: Demographic Research Monographs Copyright ISSN: 1613-5520 ISBN: 9783319446653 9783319446677 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44667-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 12:59:56
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This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.

Migration in the Southern Balkans: From Ottoman Territory to Globalized Nation States

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319137186 9783319137193 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13719-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 18:09:22
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This volume collects ten essays that look at intra-regional migration in the Southern Balkans from the late Ottoman period to the present. It examines forced as well as voluntary migrations and places these movements within their historical context, including ethnic cleansing, population exchanges, and demographic engineering in the service of nation-building as well as more recent labor migration due to globalization.Inside, readers will find the work of international experts that cuts across national and disciplinary lines. This cross-cultural, comparative approach fully captures the complexity of this highly fractured, yet interconnected, region.Coverage explores the role of population exchanges in the process of nation-building and irredentist policies in interwar Bulgaria, the story of Thracian refugees and their organizations in Bulgaria, the changing waves of migration from the Balkans to Turkey, Albanian immigrants in Greece, and the diminished importance of ethnic migration after the 1990s. In addition, the collection looks at such under-researched aspects of migration as memory, gender, and religion.The field of migration studies in the Southern Balkans is still fragmented along national and disciplinary lines. Moreover, the study of forced and voluntary migrations is often separate with few interconnections. The essays collected in this book bring these different traditions together. This complete portrait will help readers gain deep insight and better understanding into the diverse migration flows and intercultural exchanges that have occurred in the Southern Balkans in the last two centuries.

Wirtschaft und Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland. 75 Jahre RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung e.V. 1943–2018

Authors: ---
Book Series: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte. Beihefte ISBN: 9783110570557 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 486 DOI: 10.1515/9783110570557 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This title documents the history of the Rhenish-Westphalian Institute for Economic Research (RWI), re-founded in 1943 as the “Western Division” of the German Institute for Economic Research. Starting from the initial founding in 1926, it includes the post-war re-founding and reorientation of the Institute, its redirection in the new millennium through 2018, and describes the changing economic, political, and scientific contexts of the times.

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