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The future of dialects: Selected papers from Methods in Dialectology XV

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Language Variation ISBN: 9783946234180 9783946234197 9783946234203 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 411 + v DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603313 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-18 12:33:17
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Traditional dialects have been encroached upon by the increasing mobility of their speakers and by the onslaught of national languages in education and mass media. Typically, older dialects are “leveling” to become more like national languages. This is regrettable when the last articulate traces of a culture are lost, but it also promotes a complex dynamics of interaction as speakers shift from dialect to standard and to intermediate compromises between the two in their forms of speech. Varieties of speech thus live on in modern communities, where they still function to mark provenance, but increasingly cultural and social provenance as opposed to pure geography. They arise at times from the need to function throughout the different groups in society, but they also may have roots in immigrants’ speech, and just as certainly from the ineluctable dynamics of groups wishing to express their identity to themselves and to the world.

Keywords

dialectology --- dialects

Studies on Arabic Dialectology and Sociolinguistics : Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of AIDA held in Marseille from May 30th to June 2nd 2017

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9791036533891 DOI: 10.4000/books.iremam.3878 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherches et d’études sur les mondes arabes et musulmans
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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This volume contains over fifty articles related to various fields of modern Arabic dialectology. All the articles are revised and enhanced versions of papers read on the 12th Conference of the Association Internationale de Dialectologie Arabe (AIDA) held in Marseille in June 2017. Since its first conference in Paris in 1993, AIDA members gather every two years in different country. The collection of the AIDA proceedings offer an updated insight of the development of the field. During the past few decadesthe the study of Arabic dialects has become an important branch of research covering a wide range of subjects from phonological analyses, morphosyntax, semantics to pragmatics, sociolinguistics, folk linguistics, studies on literacy and writings, cultural and artistic practices, etc. As many articles of this volume illustrate, the study of Arabic dialects explores different aspects of the languages and cultures of the contemporary Arab world. A remarkable feature is the growing and constant participation of young scholars from all around the globe.

Promoting Heritage Language in Northwest Russia

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ISBN: 9781138082564 Year: Pages: 272 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:07
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This volume illustrates how language revival movements in Russia and elsewhere have often followed a specific pattern of literacy bias in the promotion of a minority’s heritage language, partly neglecting the social and relational aspects of orality. Using the Vepsian Renaissance as an example, this volume brings to the surface a literacy-orality dualism new to the discussion around revival movements. In addition to the more-theoretically oriented scopes, this book addresses all the actors involved in revival movements including activists, scholars and policy-makers, and opens a discussion on literacy and orality, and power and agency in the multiple relational aspects of written and oral practices. This study addresses issues common to language revival movements worldwide and will appeal to researchers of linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics, education and language policy, and culture studies.

Keywords

babushka --- chapter --- city --- conclusion --- contemporary --- dialects --- education

The Rhaeto-Romance Languages

Authors: ---
Book Series: Romance Linguistics ISBN: 9780203992487 9780415041942 9781138868427 9781134965489 9781134965472 9781134965434 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203992487 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:07
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The Rhaeto-Romance languages have been known as such to the linguistic community since the pioneering studies of Ascoli and Gartner over a century ago. There has never been a community of RR speakers based on a common history or polity and the various dialects are mutually unintelligible, but a unity, based on a number of common features, has been advanced. This book is the first general description of the Rhaeto-Romance languages to be written in Eng. It provides a critical examination of the phonology, morphology, lexicon, and syntax of the modern Rhaeto-Romance dialects within the broader perspective of Romance comparative linguistics.

Keywords

dialects --- ladin --- northern --- italian --- friulian --- inverted --- word --- order --- 3rd --- plural

Очерки по истории и культуре староверов Эстонии III [Studies on the history and culture of Old Believers in Estonia III]

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Book Series: Acta Slavica Estonica ISBN: 9789949321520 9789949321988 Year: Pages: 337 + 16 pages of co DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_432175 Language: Russian
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- Linguistics --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-22 09:12:12
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Acta Slavica Estonica is an international series of publications on current issues of Russian and other Slavic languages, literatures and cultures. This volume continues the tradition of publishing studies on the history and culture of the Old Believers in Estonia. It includes research papers on the topic, as well as transcripts of recorded texts from the Old Believers. The special focus of the volume is on the island Piirissaar, its history, architecture, people and their language, customs and traditions.

Existentials and Locatives in Romance Dialects of Italy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198745266 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745266.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: RCUK
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 11:01:20
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This volume provides the first ever large-scale comparative treatment of there sentences (there copula NP), reporting the results of a survey of Italo-Romance and Sardinian dialects of Italy. The volume comprises detailed discussions of focus structure, predication and argument realization, the definiteness effects, and the linking from semantics to syntax in there sentences, advancing novel proposals in each case. The testing of influential hypotheses on existential constructions against first-hand dialect evidence leads the book to argue that existential and locative there sentences differ in focus structure and semantics, although their not being predicate focus constructions and the non-canonicality of the predicate—which is typically referential—is reflected in their shared morphosyntactic features. The hypothesis that the pivot is the predicate of the existential construction is adopted in the analysis, although a distinction is drawn between referential and non-referential pivots, which explains variation in pivot behaviour in morphosyntax. The volume also provides the historical background of Romance there sentences, relying on the findings of the analysis of a substantial corpus of early Italo-Romance vernacular texts.

Perceptual Linguistic Salience: Modeling Causes and Consequences

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451777 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-177-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the notion of salience in linguistics and related disciplines. While in top-down salience, perceivers endogenously direct their attention to a certain stimulus, in the bottom-up salience, it is the stimulus itself which attracts attention. In prototypical cases of bottom-up salience, the stimulus stands out because it is incongruous with a given ground by virtue of intrinsic physical characteristics. But a stimulus may also cause surprise by virtue of deviating from a cognitive ground, e.g., when violating social or probabilistic expectations. This has prompted researchers to examine the relationship between expectations and the perceptual salience of linguistic stimuli in new ways. This e-book features contributions from different scientific frameworks. The reader will find commentaries, reviews, and original research articles on models of sociolinguistic and morphological salience, the role of attention, affect, and predictability, and on how salient items are processed, categorized and learned. Taken together, the articles in this volume contribute to our understanding of how the perceptual salience of linguistic forms and variants can be theoretically framed and methodologically operationalized in different areas of linguistic processing.

Absolute Komplexität in der Nominalflexion

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Book Series: Morphological Investigations ISBN: 9783961100224 9783961100231 Year: Pages: 509 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1067783 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103535
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-13 11:02:32
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This book provides a quantifiable measure and analysis of absolute complexity in the nominal inflection of 17 Alemannic dialects, of standard German as well as of Middle and Old High German. The data is based on grammatical descriptions. What can be interpreted as being more or less complex in a language system is deduced from LFG (Lexical-Functional Grammar) and from an inferential-realisational morphological framework. The tool to measure inflectional complexity is also developed from these frameworks. Variation in the inflectional complexity is analysed based on the following factors: diachrony, isolation, language contact, standardisation, and dialect groups.

A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of Central and Southern Sinai

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Book Series: Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1 The Near and Middle East ISBN: 9789004201019 9789004201460 Year: Volume: 101 Pages: xx,440 pp. DOI: 10.1163/9789004201460 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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After publishing A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of the Northern Sinai Littoral: Bridging the Linguistic Gap between the Eastern and Western Arab World (Brill:2000), Rudolf de Jong completes his description of the Bedouin dialects of the Sinai Desert of Egypt by adding the present volume. To facilitate direct comparison of all Sinai dialects, the dialect descriptions in both volumes run parallel and are thus structured in the same manner. Quoting from his own extensive material and using a total of 95 criteria for comparison, De Jong applies the method of 'multi-dimensional scaling' and his own 'step-method' to arrive at a subdivision into eight (of which seven are 'Bedouin') typological groups in Sinai. An appendix with 68 maps and dialectrometrical plots completes the picture.

The Balkan Conditional in South Slavic

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876908519 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3726/b12699 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:33
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This study examines the morphological and semantic development of the modal construction formed with either the imperfect of 'to want' (Croatian/Serbian) plus the infinitive, or with a modal particle from 'to want' (Macedonian) plus the imperfect of the main verb. The Balkan conditional is analyzed using material from diverse sources, including epic folk poetry, dialectal texts, and the standard literary language in the South Slavic languages, as well as in the Balkan non-Slavic languages of Greek, Albanian, Daco-Rumanian, Istro-Rumanian, and Arumanian. Specific syntactic and semantic contexts are analyzed, and the Balkan conditional is compared to other modal constructions in these languages. One of the characteristic analytic verbal forms shared by the languages of the Balkan league is the Balkan conditional or the so-called 'future-in-the-past'. In the majority of these languages, the Balkan conditional has the status of a grammatical category, whose invariant components are 'modality', specifically 'potentiality', and 'reference to past tense'. With such components, these expressions most frequently and naturally refer to actions which did not take place, i.e., the past, contrary-to-fact conditional.

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