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Hungerkrisen - Genese und Bewältigung von Hunger in ausgewählten Territorien Nordwestdeutschlands 1690-1750

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ISBN: 9783863952907 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-994 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-15 11:01:17
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For the people in the Early Modern Age, famines were regularly recurring phenomena. So not less than eight of these crises happened in the areas of Lower Saxony between 1690 and 1750, which had a lasting impact on various aspects of life for the contemporaries. Therefore topics of different historical subdisciplines like economic, social, cultural and environmental history are dealt with in this dissertation. Thus, this thesis aims to bridge the gap between climatically and socially determined patterns of hunger. With the help of the concept of vulnerability it is shown that hunger crises can neither be ascribed to natural processes nor human operations exclusively. In fact they were the outcome of a chain of human-nature-interactions and were perceived as such by the contemporaries. A further emphasis of this book is put on the examination of contemporary coping strategies. The hereby worked out explanatory and interpretive models proved to be determining how the contemporaries tried to cope with hunger on a personal and joint level. Regarding the latter it is shown that famines played a decisive role in the consolidation of leadership in the Early Modern Age. Because of their regular recurrence they worked as focal points of the negotiation of sovereignity between authorities and subjects more than any other crisis situation in this process.

Personal Agency and Swedish Age of Greatness 1560-1720

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522228826 9789522229540 9789522229533 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.23 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:58
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"Internationally, the case of early modern Sweden is noteworthy because the state building process transformed a locally dispersed and sparsely populated area into a strongly centralized absolute monarchy and European empire at the beginning of the 17th century. This anthology provides fresh insights into the state-building process in Sweden. During this transitional period, many far-reaching administrative reforms were carried out, and the Swedish state developed into a prime example of the early modern ‘powerstate’. The contributors approach Sweden’s rise to greatness from the point of view of personal agency. In early modern studies, agency has long remained in the shadow of the study of structures and institutions. This novel approach enables us to expose the difficulties, setbacks and false steps that the administration had to deal with. State building was a more diversified and personalized process than has previously been assumed. Numerous individuals were also crucially important actors in the process, and that development itself was not straightforward progression at the macro-level but was intertwined with lower-level actors.
Each chapter in this volume employs partially different methods depending on the source material and subject. This means that both qualitative and quantitative material is combined, different ways of making sense of it (i.e. research traditions) are brought together and a multi-method design is used in analyzing source material. One of the central methods is the systematic use of previous biographical research. We want to give the individuals and their actions under discussion a background that reflects the contemporary structures of individual life cycles. With the existing biographical research, it is possible to create a comprehensive set of data that provides the general outlines of individual lives or the career tracks of various estates or social groups, and even to construct collective biographies of certain groups."

El derecho penal en la edad moderna: Nuevas aproximaciones a la doctrina y a la práctica judicial

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490858127 Year: Volume: 45 Pages: 217 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-23 09:49:53
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The main purpose of this book is to contribute with the discussion about criminal proceedings and how doctrinal opinions spread through the South of Italy, Iberian countries and New Spain in the Early Modern age. Some relevant topics are judicial discretionary, protection and application of royal competencies, as well as the importance of the decisiones in regard to the procedural activity within the high courts of Portugal and Sicily. The interdependence between Criminal law, doctrinal discourses and judicial practice within the scope of the European ius commune is a basic feature of the chapters contained in this book.---El propósito principal de esta obra colectiva es la contribución al conocimiento de los procedimientos penales y de la difusión de las diversas tendencias doctrinales en el ámbito del sur de Italia, los territorios ibéricos y Nueva España en la temprana Edad Moderna. Algunos temas relevantes son la discrecionalidad judicial, la protección y aplicación de las competencias reales, así como la importancia de las decisiones en lo que atañe a la actividad procesal en el seno de los altos tribunales de Portugal y Sicilia. Las interconexiones entre el derecho criminal, los discursos doctrinales y la práctica judicial en la órbita del ius commune europeo vertebran los capítulos de este libro.

The Spanish Connection

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ISBN: 9783412225360 Year: Pages: 458 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620578 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 222
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:28
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In early modern times, the city of Seville was the most important entrepôt between the Old and the New World, attracting numerous merchants from all of Europe. They provided the American market with European merchandise, especially with textiles and metalware from Flanders and France. This book investigates the networks of Flemish and French merchants in Seville, displaying overall structures of trade as well as collective strategies of both merchant colonies.

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