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The Beauty of Geology: Art of Geology Mapping in China Over a Century

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ISBN: 9789811337864 Year: Pages: 119 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-3786-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Arts in general --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book contains a collection of rare geologic maps and figures made by Chinese geologists in the last century. Preserved in National Geological Archives of China, these artworks demonstrate the development and innovation of geological mapping technology in China in the past 100 years. The collections are highly scientific and artistic, with most of the hand-drawn maps featured with traditional Chinese painting techniques, while the newer ones being more accurate and embedded with more scientific information with the aid of computer techniques.

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Earth sciences --- Geology --- Arts

Management of Research Infrastructures: A South African Funding Perspective

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ISBN: 9783030372811 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37281-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05
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This open access book provides an overview of the building blocks necessary for managing, steering and guiding the establishment of a research infrastructure (RI). It offers valuable insights into RI investment, access and management at the academic, grants management, agency and policy level, and serves as a useful guide for the research community, students, and those in the private sector wishing to understand the approaches and opportunities involved in the establishment, maintenance and management of research infrastructure platforms. Presenting a holistic view of RI investment and granting cycles from a South African perspective, the book’s target audience includes those working in science diplomacy, policymaking and science grants councils (especially in Africa) as well as funders and donors.

Keywords

Earth sciences --- Geophysics

Baffin Island: Field Research and High Arctic Adventure, 1961-67

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Book Series: Northern Lights ISSN: 17010004 ISBN: 9781552388303 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-07 19:36:21
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A geographer with extensive research experience in the Canadian North, Jack D. Ives has written a lively and informative account of several expeditions to Baffin Island during the "golden age" of federal research. In the 1960s, scientists from the Geographical Branch of Canada's Department of Energy, Mines, and Resources travelled to Baffin to study glacial geomorphology and glaciology. Their fieldwork resulted in vastly increased knowledge of the Far North-from its ice caps and glaciers to its lichens and microfossils. Drawing from the recollections of his Baffin colleagues as well as from his own memories, Ives takes readers on a remarkable adventure, describing the day-to-day experiences of the field teams in the context of both contemporary Arctic research and bureaucratic decision making. Along the way, his narrative illustrates the role played by the Cold War-era Distant Early Warning Line and other northern infrastructure, the crucial importance of his pioneering aerial photography, the unpredictable nature of planes, helicopters, and radios in Arctic regions, and of course, the vast and breathtaking scenery of the North. Baffin Island encompasses both field research and High Arctic adventure. The research trips to Baffin between 1961 and 1967 also served as a vital training ground in polar studies for university students; further, they represented a breakthrough in gender equality in government-sponsored science, thanks to the author's persistence in having women permitted on the teams. The book contains a special section detailing the subsequent professional achievements of the many researchers involved (in addition to the later career moves of Ives himself) and a chapter that delves deeper into the science behind their fieldwork in the North. Readers need not be versed in glaciology, however. Ives has produced a highly readable book that seamlessly combines research and adventure.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 2

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Book Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering ISSN: 1573-6059 ISBN: 9783319169637 9783319169644 Year: Volume: 39 Pages: 455 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16964-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 10:58:53
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This book collects 4 keynote and 15 theme lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC).The book’s nineteen state-of-the-art chapters were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies, and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the First Professor Inge Lehmann Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Shamita Das in honor of Prof. Dr. Inge Lehmann.The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe’s most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields.Audience: This book is of interest to civil engineers in the fields of geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering; scientists and researchers in the fields of seismology, geology and geophysics. Not only scientists, engineers and students, but also those interested in earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation will find in this book the most recent advances.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences ISBN: 9783030108229 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10822-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ecology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

Observing the Volcano World

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Advances in Volcanology ISBN: 9783319440972 Year: Pages: 771 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44097-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Information theory --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings together authors from all over the globe who work with volcanoes, ranging from observatory volcanologists, disaster practitioners and government officials to NGO-based and government practitioners to address three key aspects of volcanic crises. First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world. The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe. ; A unique collection harnessing international expertise and experience to review volcanic crises around the world Brings together for the first time a wealth of undocumented knowledge to provide a platform for understanding how volcano crises are managed in practice, and to establish effective best practices Includes a glossary, bibliography, and annotated further reading lists, along with a linked author website

Volcanic Unrest

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Advances in Volcanology ISBN: 9783319584126 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-58412-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This open access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics: 1. The global significance of volcanic unrest 2. Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity 3. Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena 4. Bridging the gap between science and decision-making Volcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment. Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license. ;

Nature-Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030238421 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-23842-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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This open access book addresses the various disciplinary aspects of nature-based solutions in flood risk management on private land. In recent decades, water management has been moving towards nature-based solutions. These are assumed to be much more multi-purpose than traditional “grey infrastructures” and seem to be regarded as a panacea for many environmental issues. At the same time, such measures require more – and mostly privately owned – land and more diverse stakeholder involvement than traditional (grey) engineering approaches. They also present challenges related to different disciplines. Nature-based solutions for flood risk management not only require technical expertise, but also call for interdisciplinary insights from land-use planning, economics, property rights, sociology, landscape planning, ecology, hydrology, agriculture and other disciplines to address the challenges of implementing them. Ultimately, nature-based flood risk management is a multi-disciplinary endeavor. Featuring numerous case studies of nature-based flood risk management accompanied by commentaries, this book presents brief academic reflections from two different disciplinary perspectives that critically highlight which specific aspects are of significance, and as such, underscore the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges faced. ;

14th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM2019)

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Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences ISBN: 9783030229740 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22974-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Mathematics --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access proceedings of the 14th International Council for Applied Mineralogy Congress (ICAM) in Belgorod, Russia cover a wide range of topics including applied mineralogy, advanced and construction materials, ore and industrial minerals, mineral exploration, cultural heritage, etc. It includes contributions to geometallurgy, industrial minerals, oil and gas reservoirs as well as stone artifacts and their preservation. The International Congress on Applied Mineralogy strengthens the relation between the research on applied mineralogy and the industry.

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319789996 Year: Pages: 914 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78999-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Computer Science
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This Open Access handbook published at the IAMG's 50th anniversary, presents a compilation of invited path-breaking research contributions by award-winning geoscientists who have been instrumental in shaping the IAMG. It contains 45 chapters that are categorized broadly into five parts (i) theory, (ii) general applications, (iii) exploration and resource estimation, (iv) reviews, and (v) reminiscences covering related topics like mathematical geosciences, mathematical morphology, geostatistics, fractals and multifractals, spatial statistics, multipoint geostatistics, compositional data analysis, informatics, geocomputation, numerical methods, and chaos theory in the geosciences.

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